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Cruise Ship Dumping

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Carnival Corporation. P&O Princess Cruises plc. ... However most cruises travel along the coast and rarely make transoceanic voyages ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cruise Ship Dumping


1
Cruise Ship Dumping
2
Cruise Ship Industry
  • The industry began in the 1960s with excursions
    for the rich has increasingly grown throughout
    the decades to include the general population
  • 3 major corporations make up two thirds of the
    cruise ship industry
  • Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
  • Carnival Corporation
  • PO Princess Cruises plc.
  • This industry is located in biodiversity hotspots
    such as the Caribbean
  • Each Cruise Ship can carry up to and more than
    2,500 passengers in one trip
  • These ships are like floating cities and just
    like any city they need to dispose of wastes and
    this disposal of wastes needs to regulated.

3
2 Regulation Roadblocks
  • Flag of Convenience
  • Ships tend to travel on the high seas

4
Who Regulates the Industry?
  • International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • International Convention for the Prevention of
    Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)
  • International Council of Cruise Lines (ICCL)
  • Nation States

5
Types of Waste
  • Ballast Water
  • Wastewater
  • Graywater
  • Blackwater
  • Hazardous Waste
  • Solid Waste

6
Ballast Water
  • Used to maintain ships stability in water
  • Releases water when they increase weight on ship
  • Take up water when they decrease the weight of
    the ship
  • Causes invasion of non-exotic species
  • This water must be released out to sea
  • However most cruises travel along the coast and
    rarely make transoceanic voyages

7
Wastewater
  • Graywater-waste from sinks, showers, and cleaning
    of the ship
  • Contains detergents, oil, and food grease
  • On a week long cruise up to one million gallons
    can be released into the ocean
  • Blackwater-waste from toilets and infirmaries
  • Up to 21,000 gallons of this waste a day is
    released from the ship

8
Hazardous Waste
  • Classified as any solid or liquid that can
    threaten human health and the environment
  • IMO and ICCL classify it as the following
  • Waste from photo processing
  • Dry cleaning fluid
  • Light bulbs
  • Batteries
  • It cannot be released in any Maritime Zone
  • It is taken on land and recycled and disposed of
    there

9
Solid Waste
  • Aluminum, glass, paper, cardboard, steel cans,
    incinerator ash, plastics, and kitchen grease
  • Not Easily absorbed into the environment, does
    not biodegrade in a short time in sea water

10
MARPOL ANNEX VDumping Regulations
  • MARPOL is under the IMO and has determined what
    can be dumped and where it can be dumped in the
    ocean.
  • Many nations have signed this treaty and the
    United States is part of it.

11
ANNEX VDumping Laws
  • Illegal to dump plastics or garbage containing
    plastic into any water
  • No garbage can be dumped with 3 nm
  • From 3-12 nm vessels are allowed to dump all
    garbage except plastics, dunnage lining, and
    packing materials that float, and all other trash
    unless it is ground less than one inch.
  • Between 12 and 25 nm vessels are not permitted to
    dump plastics, dunnage lining, and packing
    materials that float
  • More than 25 nm from shore ships can dump all
    garbage except plastic
  • All ports must supply proper garbage facilities
    for the ship to dispose of garbage such as
    plastics
  • Special areas designated by the IMO are no
    dumping areas, one example of this is the
    Caribbean

12
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