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Everything You Need to Know About How to Find a Job or Internship

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Individual career counseling and resume reviews ... Career Builder: www.careerbuilder.com. What To Do After Finding a Listing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Everything You Need to Know About How to Find a Job or Internship


1
Everything You Need to Know About How to Find a
Job or Internship
  • Presented by Psychology Peer Advisors
  • March 20th, 2006

2
Overview
  • Types of resumes
  • Interviewing skills
  • How to make yourself the most qualified candidate
    possible
  • Benefits of internships
  • Other options if you dont want a job or
    internship
  • How to find a job/internship using on-campus
    resources
  • How to find a job/internship using off-campus
    resources
  • Writing a cover letter
  • Writing a resume

3
How to Find a Job/Internship Using On-Campus
Resources
  • Mollie

4
On-Campus Resources
  • Academic Advising and Career Development
  • Main Office 301 Wilson Hall, 568-6555
  • 800 a.m. 500 p.m. Monday through Friday
    Tuesdays 5-7pm
  • MadisonTRAK
  • On-campus events

5
What Does AACD Do?
  • Academic advisors assist undeclared students
  • Individual career counseling and resume reviews
  • Appointments may be made for students needing
    individualized assistance
  • Career Life Planning Course (IS 202)
  • Internship Listings

6
What Is MadisonTRAK?
  • JMU's on-campus recruiting segment of MonsterTRAK
    that aids students in
  • Registering for on-campus interviews, mock
    interviews, and employer-in-residence
  • Accessing a list of companies scheduled to
    recruit at JMU
  • Viewing detailed information on job descriptions
  • Submitting resumes via the web to employers

7
On-Campus Events
  • Resume writing clinics
  • Offered at various times from September through
    April
  • Interview preparation web tutorials
  • Visit AACD website
  • Additional book resources may be found in our
    resource center in Wilson Hall
  • Mock interviews
  • A variety of employers are on campus to conduct
    mock interviews each semester

8
On-Campus Events Continued
  • Employer in Residence Program
  • Meet with an employer to do an informational
    interview, resume review, mock interview or ask
    general questions regarding your job search
  • Special Job Search Workshops
  • Attend a variety of sessions
  • Topics vary by semester
  • Examples of past topics
  • Behavioral Interviewing
  • Preparing for a Career Fair

9
On-Campus Events Continued
  • Resume Round Up
  • Resume express review days
  • Take place in Wilson 301
  • Must bring a paper copy of your resume
  • On-campus interviews
  • Sonner Hall

10
How to Find a Job/Internship Using Off-Campus
Resources
  • Renae

11
Internet Resources
  • How do I go about searching for an internship via
    the internet?
  • Many companies have websites where they post
    prospective internship/job opportunities
  • What if I dont know of a specific company I am
    interested in?
  • Search by using internship search engines

12
Internship Search Engines
  • The Princeton Review www.princetonreview.com
  • MonsterTRAK www.monsterTRAK.com
  • The Washington Center www.twc.edu
  • Rising Star Internships www.rsinternships.com
  • Career Builder www.careerbuilder.com

13
What To Do After Finding a Listing
  • Read carefully to make sure the listing meets all
    your requirements for an internship
  • Follow the directions for applying to the
    internship
  • May ask for an application, resume, cover letter,
    official transcripts, letters of recommendation,
    and/or written response
  • Apply to a number of different internships in
    your field of interest or related fields of
    interest

14
Something a Little More Personal
  • Contact agencies of interest to you in your local
    area
  • Yellow pages, word of mouth, connections
  • Call an agency/employer directly to set up an
    appointment or stop by the agency or business to
    speak with someone face-to- face
  • More personal and shows your interest in the
    agency
  • Be sure to show enthusiasm and excitement whether
    on the phone or in person
  • Ask questions

15
Writing a Cover Letter
  • Audra

16
What Is A Cover Letter?
  • Letter of application
  • Introduces you
  • Explains your purpose for writing
  • Highlights your experience/skills
  • Requests an opportunity to meet your employer

17
How to Format Your Letter
  • Type each letter individually
  • Use good quality bond paper
  • Address each employer by name and title
  • Make sure to use spell check, correct grammar,
    and proper punctuation
  • Use conventional business correspondence form

18
Helpful Tips to Writing a Cover Letter
  • Limit to one page
  • Be organized
  • Tailor your letter to each job opportunity
  • Use action verbs, a mature voice, and convey
    confidence and respect
  • Show some personality!

19
Organizing Your Letter
  • Opening paragraph
  • Explain why you are writing
  • Establish a point of contact
  • Give a brief description of yourself

20
Organizing Your Letter
  • Body paragraph
  • Comment about the position you are seeking and
    why
  • Highlight a few of your most outstanding
    qualities
  • Include your education and experience
  • Explain what you would contribute to the
    organization

21
Organizing Your Letter
  • Closing paragraph
  • Stress action
  • Politely request an interview at the employers
    convenience
  • Indicate what supplementary materials are being
    sent over
  • Thank the reader for his/her time and
    consideration

22
Questions to Ask Yourself While Writing the Cover
Letter
  • Who is my audience?
  • What is my objective in this letter and how can I
    best express it to my audience?
  • How can the cover letter best advertise for the
    resume (if resume is included)?
  • How can I maintain and heighten the interest of
    the reader throughout the letter?

23
Top 8 Rules of a Cover Letter
  • Remember your purpose of writing
  • Be brief
  • Narrow your focus
  • Set realistic goals
  • Emphasize your main selling points
  • Explain unemployment or gaps in work history
  • Never overstate your qualifications
  • Follow the rules of business writing

24
Writing a Resume
  • Rachele

25
What is a Resume?
  • A brief summary of your qualifications and
    experiences
  • Major purpose is to secure an interview
  • Helps prospective employers evaluate the skills,
    accomplishments, and educational background you
    have to offer

26
Resume Content
  • Focus on the areas of your background that best
    demonstrate your skills and abilities
  • Categories included depend on the information you
    want to emphasize
  • There is no standard resume format

27
The Heading
  • At the top of the resume
  • Name
  • Mailing address
  • Telephone number
  • E-mail address
  • If still in school
  • Include your permanent and temporary addresses
    and phone numbers
  • Your name should be legible and should stand out
    to the reader

28
What to Include
  • Job Objective
  • Educational Background
  • Related college coursework
  • Experience
  • Activities
  • Honors
  • References
  • Skills
  • Personal Data
  • Other categories

29
Job Objective
  • Informs the employer of the type of work you are
    looking for
  • Sets the tone of the resume
  • May include
  • Job title
  • A description of activities and skills you wish
    to perform
  • Type of organization you wish to join
  • Special interests
  • Any short/long-term goals
  • EXAMPLE
  • To obtain a challenging entry-level position as a
    programmer or analyst that will utilize and
    enhance my knowledge of the information systems
    field

30
Education
  • Names and addresses of all colleges/universities
    attended in reverse chronological order (most
    recent first)
  • Date and type of degree earned
  • Major(s) and Minor(s)
  • Cumulative and/or major GPA (if assets)
  • Do NOT include high school information unless
    applying for a summer internship or job
  • EXAMPLE
  • James Madison University, Harrisonburg,
    Virginia
  • Bachelor of Arts, May 2004
  • Major International Affairs, Minor Political
    Science
  • Honors Program, Cumulative GPA 3.7, Major
    GPA 3.8

31
Related Coursework
  • List appropriate college coursework IF
  • You are applying for a position that is unrelated
    to your major
  • OR
  • The coursework is unique/specialized in the
    career field
  • It is usually recommended that you omit
    major-related coursework

32
Experiences Activities
  • Discuss those that best accentuate your skills
    and abilities and are related to the type of job
    you are looking for
  • Include the title of your position, the name of
    the organization, location, and the dates you
    worked at the organization
  • List college and professional organizations/clubs
  • Include the name of the organization, any offices
    you held, and the dates you were a member
  • Include a brief description if it would be
    relevant to what you are applying for

33
Honors Skills
  • Include scholarships, Deans List, President's
    List, and memberships in honor societies
  • List dates that you were part of these societies
  • If less than three, list these in the education
    section
  • Information about special skills that are
    relevant to the job for which you are applying
  • Examples
  • computer
  • language skills

34
References Other Categories
  • Always seek permission first
  • Use individuals who know you well and will
    highlight your positive attributes
  • May include a note on resume that says
  • References available upon request.
  • OR
  • Attach them on a separate sheet
  • Be creative!
  • May feel it is necessary to include other
    categories to highlight specific skills you have
    which could be beneficial in the job or
    internship for which you are applying

35
General Guidelines
  • Be brief
  • Use action verbs when describing accomplishments
  • Emphasize successes and leadership abilities
    related to the job you are seeking
  • Use a consistent format and verb tense, as well
    as font size and style
  • Proofread!
  • Use CAPITAL LETTERS, bold print, or italics to
    highlight parts

36
General Guidelines Continued
  • Match the paper color of your cover letter and
    resume
  • Print your resume on a light bonded paper (e.g.
    white, off-white or ivory)
  • Use simple graphics such as lines to create a
    border
  • Create a well-organized and visually appealing
    resumeappearance is just as important as content

37
Types of Resumes
  • Jenn

38
Resume Formats
  • Chronological
  • Functional
  • Combination

39
Chronological Format
  • Organize your information as a timeline
  • Start with your most recent jobs or experiences
    and work backwards
  • Use this format when
  • Your job history shows growth
  • Or if you want to emphasize accomplishments
  • Disadvantages
  • Skills may not be highlighted
  • Gaps are more visible

40
Functional Format
  • Focus on accomplishments and strengths
  • Draw from all areas of experience to describe
    skill
  • Use this format when
  • You want to enter a different career field
  • Your work experience has been limited
  • You wish to focus on special skills
  • Disadvantages
  • Takes more time and effort than chronological
  • De-emphasizes titles and work history

41
Combination Format
  • Combines both chronological and functional
    formats
  • Use this format when
  • You want to emphasize work history and skills
    equally
  • Disadvantage
  • Harder to keep resume organized

42
Final Tips
  • Keep it as concise as possible but two pages is
    fine
  • Have many people read over it
  • But do not over due it
  • Give yourself plenty of time
  • A good resume will take longer than a night to do

43
Interviewing Skills
  • Kara

44
Prepare
  • Write down questions to think about
  • What skills are necessary for this job?
  • What might be some challenges involved with this
    internship?
  • Update your resume
  • Know yourself
  • Know your employer

45
Practice
  • Mock interviews
  • http//www.jmu.edu/aacd/workshops/mock.htm
  • Speak out loud to friends
  • Use key words
  • motivated, cooperative, honest,
    independent, strong communicator, critical
    thinker

46
What to Bring
  • Copies of your resume
  • Pen and paper
  • Internship/Job application
  • List of contacts
  • Arrive early
  • Dress business-casual
  • Turn OFF cell phone

47
Its Go Time
  • Shake hands, smile, eye contact
  • Be clear and concise
  • Briefly pause after a question is asked to
    reflect before speaking
  • Use real life experiences
  • Ask questions
  • Thank the interviewer

48
How to Make Yourself the Most Qualified Candidate
Possible
  • Stephanie

49
Research
  • Evaluate research
  • Select, administer, and score tests and surveys
  • Present findings efficiently
  • Compose objective reports and proposals
  • Research and organize resources
  • Create graphs and tables
  • Be familiar with a variety of research methods
  • Understand procedures used to develop research
    projects
  • Use research equipment
  • Collect, organize, and interpret data
  • Support ideas with objective evidence
  • Ability to use statistical instruments

50
Human Services
  • Engage in ethical practice
  • Knowledge of human development and behavior
  • Display empathy
  • Able to promote healthy relationships
  • Perform crisis intervention
  • Social perceptiveness
  • Service orientation
  • Understand individual and cultural differences
  • Insight to deal effectively with people
  • Recognize and understand behavioral and emotional
    disorders

51
Leadership/Teamwork
  • Good Listener
  • Ability to resolve or mediate conflicts
  • Understanding of group dynamics
  • Organize and lead groups
  • Display fundamental counseling skills
  • Concern for and sensitivity to others
  • Effectively inform and explain information
  • Motivate

52
Opportunities to Develop
  • Classes
  • PSYC 345-social psychology
  • PSYC 410-industrial/organizational psychology
  • PSYC 427- Tests and Measurement
  • PSYC 440-counseling psychology
  • PSYC 495-Field Placement
  • PSYC 210-psychological measurement statistics
  • PSYC 211-experimental psychology
  • PSYC 235-psychology of adjustment
  • PSYC 290/402- independent study and research
  • PSYC 330-psychology of personality

53
More Opportunities
  • Internships
  • http//www.jmu.edu/aacd/
  • Volunteering
  • http//www.jmu.edu/csl/

54
Benefits of Internships
  • Katie R.

55
What is an Internship?
  • A work experience which provides hands- on
    training under the supervision of a professional
  • Bridge between college and work

56
Benefits
  • Explore possible careers
  • Earn academic credit
  • Gain hands-on training
  • Accumulate evidence of your abilities
  • Apply classroom theory to real work situations
  • Identify interests and talents
  • Gives you competitive edge in employment after
    graduation

57
Networking
  • Number one way to find future jobs
  • Builds alliances
  • Ways to network
  • Attend meetings
  • Ask questions
  • Talk to employees
  • Make yourself stand out

58
Other Options If You Arent Ready for a Job or
Internship
  • Laura

59
Dare to Make a Difference
  • Ask not what your country can do for you, but
    what you can do for your country. John F.
    Kennedy

60
Staying in the Country
  • U.S.A. Freedom Corps
  • Website http//www.usafreedomcorps.gov/about_usaf
    c/programs/index.asp
  • Promotes a culture of service, citizenship, and
    responsibility in America
  • Aid Federal service programs, act a resource for
    non-profits and businesses, and enable people to
    find opportunities to volunteer in their
    communities
  • Volunteer services within the Freedom Corps
  • Americorps
  • Citizen Corps
  • Teach for America

61
Americorps
  • Approximately 75,000 people/year participate in
    Americorps
  • Diverse set of opportunities that utilize
    different skills
  • Members tutor/mentor youth
  • Build homes
  • Teach computer skills
  • Help communities respond to disasters (e.g.
    Katrina)
  • Clean parks and streams
  • Website http//www.americorps.org

62
Citizen Corps
  • Enables people to partake in efforts to improve
    homeland security
  • Various corps created within Citizen Corps
    Council
  • Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT)
  • Medical Reserve Corps
  • Neighborhood Watch
  • Volunteers in Police Service
  • Fire Corps
  • Website www.citizencorps.com

63
Teach for America
  • 3,500 members this year
  • 2 year commitment
  • Goal is to provide all children with an equal
    chance in life, regardless of their social
    economic status
  • Website www.teachforamerica.org

64
Volunteering Outside of the Country
  • The Great Adventure Peace Corps
  • Involves 2 year assignments to solve important
    challenges around the world
  • Ample opportunity for diverse jobs that utilize
    your individual skills
  • Broaden horizons by learning about a new culture
    and way of life
  • Website www.peacecorps.gov/
  • Life is calling. How far will you go?

65
Want to Leave the Country and Still Earn Money?
  • Apply for a short-term VISA to work in another
    country
  • Opportunity to experience another culture and
    still earn money
  • Good resume builder for the future
  • Chance to travel within continent or country more
    cheaply (especially in Europe)

66
Questions
Comments
Concerns
67
Thank You For Coming!
  • PSYCHOLOGY PEER ADVISING
  • Johnston 113
  • 568-6214
  • Office Hours Mon.-Thurs. 10-5, Fri. 10-2
  • AIM PeerAdvising
  • E-mail peer_advise_at_jmu.edu
  • http//psychweb.cisat.jmu.edu/peeradvising/

68
You can HELP others! GIVE to the JMU FOOD
FIGHT Against Hunger! March 21-23, 2006 All
proceeds will go to the Blue Ridge Area Food
Bank and Mercy Corps International Contact
Psychology Peer Advising 568-6214 / peer_advise_at_
jmu.edu
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