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Religious Studies 295: Intro. to Tibetan Buddhism

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Destroyer of Buddhism in Tibet ? Ruled 838 AD 841 or 842 ... Buddhism and Shamanism merge. Quote page 472. Shamanic community' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religious Studies 295: Intro. to Tibetan Buddhism


1
Religious Studies 295Intro. to Tibetan Buddhism
Week 4
  • Instructor
  • Justin Whitaker

2
Early History of Tibet Three Buddhist Kings
  • Songtsen Gampo (c. 618-650)
  • Introduced writing, Buddhist texts
  • Marriages Nepali Chinese
  • Trisong Deutsen (c. 755-797)
  • Presided over the famous Samye debate
  • Cuts off Chinese Buddhism
  • Ralpachen (c. 815-838)
  • Sino-Tibetan Treaty of 821 CE
  • Systematizes translations

3
Early History of Tibet Three Buddhist Kings
  • gLang Darma
  • Destroyer of Buddhism in Tibet ?
  • Ruled 838 AD 841 or 842
  • Killed/liberated by a Buddhist Monk

4
Middle History of Tibet
  • 9th-14th Centuries (842-1276 AD)
  • Social de-Centralization
  • Local Hegemonic Period
  • Loss of support for monasteries
  • Continuation of shamanic strand
  • Nyingma and Bon schools

5
Middle History of Tibet Nyingma Bon
  • Method of religion pragmatic, communal,
    shamanic
  • See quote p.460
  • Terma and tertons (well cover this in greater
    depth later on in the course)
  • A way to keep the teachings alive and adapting
  • Dzogchen

6
Middle History of Tibet Dzogchen
  • rDzogs perfection
  • chen great
  • The highest teachings for
  • Nyingma and Bon
  • Accused of being too close to
  • Hvashang Mahayana (Samye loser) by
  • Sakya Pandita (Scholar from grey-earth)
  • Important for later development rimed movement
    (19th-20th Cent.)

7
Middle History of Tibet Dzogchen3
Philosophical Doctrines
  • Madhyamaka (Yogacara)
  • Meditative, subitist
  • Madhyamaka (Prasangika)
  • Logical, gradualistic
  • Tathagatagharba
  • Jen-tong (empty of other)
  • primordial purity
  • Rang-tong (empty of own nature)
  • emptiness is empty too!
  • Origins Unknown obvious overlap with Yogacara

8
Middle History of Tibet Atisha
  • King Yeshe Od
  • Quote page 466-7
  • Invites Atisha (980-1054 AD) in 1042
  • Pronounced a-tish-a
  • Dipamkara Shrijnana
  • Light-bringer Abode of Wisdom
  • Marks the beginning of the second transmission

9
Middle History of Tibet Atisha
  • Atisha, the synthesizer
  • Prajna Bodhicitta
  • Prasangika Yogacara
  • Insight Method
  • Sutra Tantra
  • Lojong (mind training) and
  • Tong-len (exchanging self and other) p.469

10
Middle History of Tibet Atisha
  • His student, Dromtonpa Est. Kadampa school
  • Teaching of 3 stages of the Path
  • Lowest
  • Hedonistic
  • Middle
  • Hinayanist (self-concern for nirvana)
  • Highest
  • Mahayanist (concern for awakening for all)
  • Taught as a progression
  • Change of meaning Hinayana Mahayana now refer
    more to an attitude that anyone can have than to
    any particular school or doctrines

11
Middle History of Tibet Shamanism
  • Responding to growth of Kadampas
  • Yet still largely free of any central control
  • Retains great power - - - but viewed with
    increasing skepticism
  • Buddhism and Shamanism merge
  • Quote page 472
  • Shamanic community
  • the reality of shamanic power, and the need for
    it to be used on behalf of the community, were
    taken for granted p.472
  • A powerful, direct sense of interconnectedness
  • vs Monastic community
  • Monks are involved with the acquisition of good
    karma for themselves and others. p.473
  • Working with individuated beings toward (the
    realization of) interconnectedness

12
Middle History of Tibet Sakya Kagyu
  • Sakya
  • New translations, new Tantras (more authentic(?))
  • Gompas (monasteries) mostly celibate
  • Kagyu
  • Indian siddhas/yogis Tilopa (988-1089) and
    Naropa (1016-1100)
  • Tibetan Translator Marpa (1012-1097)
    studied also with Kadampas
  • Tibetan Yogi Milarespa (1052-1135)
  • His student Gampopa (1079-1153)

13
Middle History of Tibet Gampopa
  • Practical innovation
  • Highest teachings Mahamudra
  • (literally Great Seal or Symbol)
  • Uses visualization no sex, no death
  • OK for monks!
  • Philosophical Innovation
  • 2nd paragraph, p.479
  • Enlightenment is something (positive), not a
    mere-emptiness or state of interconnectedness
    (negative), but this is beyond words or concepts
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