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Equivalent Fractions

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Fractions in Simplest Form. Fractions are in simplest form when the numerator and denominator do not have ... Simplest Form. Homework Time ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Equivalent Fractions


1
Equivalent Fractions
  • Lesson 3-4

2
Vocabulary
Equivalent fractions are fractions that name the
same amount.
2
4

8
4
3
Creating Equivalent Fractions
  • Multiply the numerator and denominator by the
    same number.
  • Divide the numerator and denominator by the same
    number (it has to be a common factor to work with
    division)

We can choose any number to multiply by. Lets
multiply by 2.
3
x 2
6
So, 3/5 is equivalent to 6/10.

x 2
10
5
4
If you have larger numbers, you can make
equivalent fractions using division. Divide by a
common factor.
4
28
In this example, we can divide both numbers by 7.
7

5
7
35
28/35 is equivalent to 4/5.
5
Fractions in Simplest Form
Fractions are in simplest form when the numerator
and denominator do not have any common factors
besides 1.
Examples of fractions that are in simplest form
4
2
3
8
5
11
6
Writing Fractions in Simplest Form.
  • Find the greatest common factor (GCF) of the
    numerator and denominator.
  • Divide both numbers by the GCF.

7
Example
5
20
4

Simplest Form
7
4
28
20 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20
20
28
28 1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 28
1 x 20 2 x 10 4 x 5
1 x 28 2 x 14 4 x 7
Common Factors 1, 2, 4
GCF 4
We will divide by 4.
8
Homework Time
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