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Integrated Planning

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Title: Integrated Planning


1
Integrated Planning
A Systems-Based Approach to Transportation
Planning Toward Enhanced Human and Natural
Resource Stewardship Green Highways
Conference November 8, 2005 Chester Fung, ICF
Consulting
  • Executive Order 13274 Inter-Agency Work Group on
    Integrated Planning

2
Executive Order 13274
Environmental Stewardship and Transportation
Infrastructure Project Reviews
identify and promote policies that can
effectively streamline the process required to
provide approvals for transportation
infrastructure projects, in compliance with
applicable law, while maintaining safety, public
health, and environmental protection.
3
Inter-Agency Work Group on Integrated Planning
  • Department of Transportation
  • Federal Highway Administration
  • Federal Transit Administration
  • Federal Aviation Administration
  • Council on Environmental Quality
  • National Marine Fisheries Service
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
  • U.S. Forest Service

4
What Is Integrated Planning?
A collaborative process that combines
transportation planning with federal, tribal, and
local land use and cultural and natural resource
planning
Natural, Cultural Resource Planning
Transportation Planning
Integrated Planning
Economic Development Planning
Land Use Planning
5
Integrated PlanningA Systems Perspective
land development proposal
Land Use System
Transportation System
road improvement proposal
Water Resources System
wetlands identification
Other Natural, Cultural Resource Systems
habitat or historic places to preserve
Integrated Approach
opportunities to support multiple community goals
and improve quality of life
6
An Integrated ApproachStrong Linkages
What does this look like for surface
transportation?
Land Use, Natural, Cultural and Resource Planning
Goals
Transportation System Planning
Programming
Project Development
Strong linkages throughout the decision process
There may be limits to the application of these
concepts for certain transportation processes,
such as aviation.
7
Integrated Planning Concepts Sensitivity to
System Interactions
to include a more
going beyond the
integrated approach
traditional focus
The transportation system and how it fits within
broader human and natural systems
The effects of specific transportation projects
AND
Achieving multiple outcomes consistent with
community goals
Delivering transportation outputs
AND
Accepting or mitigating negative effects of
transportation on the environment
Seeking ways to conserve and enhance the natural
environment
AND
8
Integrated Planning Concepts Broad Solutions
to include a more
going beyond the
integrated approach
traditional focus
Supplying new transportation infrastructure and
services
Making the best use of existing infrastructure
and services first
AND
Focusing on access to work, personal activities,
and goods and services
AND
Focusing on mobility
Influencing transportation demand and better
analyzing actual demand, including induced demand
Responding to transportation demand
AND
There may be limitations for this concept
within aviation planning.
9
Integrated Planning Concepts Broad-Based
Collaboration
to include a more
going beyond the
integrated approach
traditional focus
Separate planning based on ownership and
jurisdiction
Collaborative planning based on achieving sound
resource and system-wide outcomes
AND
Recognizing how land use affects the workings of
the transportation system (and vice versa)
Planning land use to help the transportation
system achieve desired outcomes (and vice versa)
AND
Planning transportation and land use separately
Planning transportation and land use concurrently
and iteratively
AND
10
Pathways to aMore Integrated Approach
Natural, Cultural Resource Planning Activities
Land Use Planning Activities
Integrated Data Systems And Analysis Tools
Integrated Planning
Effective, Systems-Based Decision Processes
Collaborative Institutional Arrangements
Economic Development Planning Activities
Transportation Planning Activities
11
Benefits of Integrated Planning
  • More efficient use of government agency resources
  • Enhanced community outcomes on the ground
  • Better transportation decisions
  • Improved natural and cultural resource outcomes
  • Support for high quality of life

12
Benefits Enhanced Naturaland Cultural Resource
Outcomes
  • Transportation solutions integrate economic,
    safety, mobility, social, and environmental
    objectives
  • Resource and land use planning processes
    recognize and consider transportation objectives
  • Early commitments in the planning process aim to
    avoid impacts, rather than mitigate
  • Strategies focus on environmental performance and
    community goals beyond impact mitigation

13
Benefits EnhancedCommunity Outcomes
  • Transportation priorities support broad visions
    for how we want our neighborhoods, towns, and
    regions to prosper
  • Agencies work collaboratively to ensure early
    consideration given to equity, safety, mobility,
    accessibility, environmental, economic, fiscal,
    community, and land use goals

14
Benefits EnhancedTransportation Outcomes
  • Broad range of solutions considered, including
    operational, transit, non-motorized, land use,
    aviation, highway capacity, and demand management
  • Increased trust between transportation and
    resource agencies
  • Early, firm decisions reduce project delivery
    delays within the environmental process and
    duplication of effort

15
Evolving the State of Practice
Context- Sensitive Solutions
  • Integrated planning is not new there are related
    previous and ongoing efforts

Multi-Species Habitat Conservation Plans
Transportation- Land-Use Integration
Scenario Planning
Integrated Planning
Green Infrastructure Planning
Special Area Management Plans
Others
Programmatic Approaches
16
How Can We FacilitateForward Movement?
  • Take lessons from previous experience, current
    practice
  • Identify strategies to move toward Integrated
    Planning outcomes
  • Solicit input from stakeholders, refine
    strategies
  • Implement strategies to enable Integrated
    Planning to occur on a wide scale

17
For Example Using PlanningOutputs of Others
18
Other StrategiesFor Moving Forward
  • Making organizations more collaborative
  • Tools for analyzing and sharing data
  • Effective, systems-based decision processes

Integrated Data Systems And Analysis Tools
Integrated Planning
Effective, Systems-Based Decision Processes
Collaborative Institutional Arrangements
19
Making OrganizationsMore Collaborative
  • Executive-level leadership
  • Reserving a seat at the transportation planning
    table, and vice versa
  • Mechanisms to share staff resources
  • Stronger institutional linkages to local land
    planning

20
Data and Tools
  • Inventories of natural, cultural resources
  • Technologies for integrated data systems
  • Information sharing and dissemination processes
  • Performance monitoring and evaluation methods

21
Effective Decision Processes
  • Multiple points of coordination
  • Early and sustained commitments
  • Planning as the basis for strong purpose and need
    statements and impact assessments

22
Floridas Efficient Transportation
Decision-Making (ETDM) Process
  • Geographic Data Library
  • Environmental Technical Advisory Teams
  • Environmental Screening Tool for planning,
    programming analyses

23
Oregon Major BridgeReplacement Program
  • Programmatic approach for 350 bridges
  • Environmental mapping
  • Statewide mitigation banking
  • Design performance standards, context-sensitive
    design
  • One-process permitting

24
Riverside County Integrated Project
  • General Plan
  • Multi-Species Habitat Conservation Plan
  • Community and Environmental Transportation
    Acceptability Process
  • Special Area Management Plan

25
U.S. Geological SurveysGEODE Tool
  • Displays geographically referenced data
  • Combines information from many sources
  • Satellite imagery
  • Land use and ownership
  • Natural resource GIS coverages
  • Civic infrastructure
  • Free and desktop-, internet-based

26
Indiana I-69 Long-Range Plan
  • Community Planning Program
  • Tiered NEPA, permitting approach
  • GIS assessment tool
  • Mitigation program

27
IP WGs Baseline Report and Preliminary Gap
Analysis
  • Defines elements, objectives and outcomes of
    integrated planning
  • Identifies challenges, opportunities, and
    strategies for moving toward outcomes
  • Highlights innovative practice
  • Defines potential government roles

28
Your Contribution Is Needed!
Integrated Planning requires a broad base of
support and collaboration
  • Read the Baseline Report at http//www.fhwa.dot.go
    v/stewardshipeo/index.htm
  • Email comments to projectstreamlining_at_ost.dot.gov
  • The Work Group is looking for partners to help
    shape this effort. What does integrated planning
    mean from your perspective? What is needed to
    implement it?
  • Become a champion help spread the word
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