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Libraries, censorship and filtering

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According to the ALA Library Bill of Rights... Is it something that is diametrically opposed to the tenets of the Library Bill of Rights? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Libraries, censorship and filtering


1
Libraries, censorship and filtering
  • Things to consider

2
Who is the library serving
  • The needs of the individual?
  • The needs of the community?

3
According to the ALA Library Bill of Rights
  • Books and other library resources should be
    provided for the interest, information, and
    enlightenment of all people of the community the
    library serves. Materials should not be excluded
    because of the origin, background, or views
    of those contributing to their
    creation.

4
According to the ALA Library Bill of Rights
  • Libraries should provide materials and
    information presenting all points of view on
    current and historical issues. Materials should
    not be proscribed or removed because of partisan
    or doctrinal disapproval.

5
According to the ALA Library Bill of Rights
  • Libraries should challenge censorship in the
    fulfillment of their responsibility to provide
    information and enlightenment.

6
What is obscenity - Miller v. California
  • Whether the work depicts or describes, in a
    patently offensive way, sexual conduct
    specifically defined by the applicable state law,
    and
  • Whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious
    literary, artistic, political, or scentific value

7
How big of a problem is pornography on public
access stations?
  • Santa Clara County Library Report

8
How liable is the library?
  • Kathleen R. v. City of Livermore (2001)
  • Consistent with the librarys mission of
    encouraging children to develop a lifelong
    interest in learning, the library presumably
    seeks to impart the electronic information
    research skills the policy deems increasingly
    important to the library and others. Librarians
    cannot be persecuted for providing such
    instruction.

9
Harmful Matter Acts
  • According to California Penal Code Section
    313(a)
  • Harmful matter means matterthat to the average
    person, applying contemporary standards, appeals
    to the prurient interest, that, taken as a whole,
    depicts of describes sexual conduct in a patently
    offensive way, and that, taken as whole, lacks
    serious literary, artistic, political or
    scientific value for minors.

10
Harmful matters cont.
  • Federal laws Childrens Internet Protection Act

11
What is or isnt protected by the First Amendment?
  • Child pornography?
  • Slander?

12
Different options for filtering information
  • Software programs Net Nanny, Cybersitter,
    Surfwatch

13
Is filtering acceptable?
  • Is it something that is diametrically opposed to
    the tenets of the Library Bill of Rights?
  • Do we have responsibility to the Librarys
    mission over the demands of individual users?

14
Pros
  • They give libraries the flexibility to meet
    community standards
  • Provide options for parents who do not wish their
    children to view indecent material while in the
    library

15
Cons
  • Could potentially prevent users from conducting
    serious research in the Web (i.e. breast cancer,
    sexually transmitted diseases)
  • Are by nature contrary to the mission of
    libraries in general, which has hailed freedom of
    information and freedom of access
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