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Roman Medicine

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To the Romans this can be said to be their main idea about public health. ... The Romans observed that the people who lived near the swamps tended to get ill and die. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Roman Medicine


1
Roman Medicine Public Health
  • Prevention better than the cure - Roman ideas on
    medicine

2
What we will learn today
  • How they developed ideas from the Greeks.
  • Roman ideas on what caused illness.
  • The nature of empirical observation.
  • The development of Roman Public Health.

3
The Impact of Greek Medicine
  • The impact the Greeks made on Rome can be seen in
    several ways.
  • One is the use of an Asclepion in Rome to combat
    the plague that broke out in the city in 293 BC.
  • The second is the use of Greek doctors look at
    this table.

4
Social and Ethnic status of Roman Doctors from
1st to 3rd century AD
5
Why such a heavy reliance on the Greeks?
  • This was due to the low social standing doctors
    had in Roman society.
  • When did this change?
  • When Julius Caesar made a decree giving doctors
    citizenship and the doctors who treated the rich
    could also become rich themselves.

6
Copy this table
7
Now let us look at public health
8
Prevention better than the cure.
  • To the Romans this can be said to be their main
    idea about public health.
  • A key example is their attempts to stop the
    spread of disease and death that surrounded the
    swamps in Rome.

9
Observation
  • The Romans observed that the people who lived
    near the swamps tended to get ill and die.
  • We now know this disease is called Malaria - they
    did not know this.
  • They tried to gain an understanding as to an
    effective way to deal with the illness.

10
Febris
  • Febris was a minor Roman goddess for fever - a
    symptom of the disease.
  • A temple was built where the disease was and
    prayers were said but no reduction in illness was
    observed.

11
Task
  • Write the subtitle Roman Public Health
  • Answer this question What do the actions of the
    Romans tell you about their belief in medicine?

12
Empirical Observation
  • The next step the Romans took was to drain the
    swamp - this in effect shows the Romans had
    developed a system of EMPIRICAL OBSERVATION

13
EMPIRICAL OBSERVATION
  • Did they know what caused the illnesses?
  • Did they realise that the swamp was in some way
    connected to the problem?
  • So, remove the swamp, remove the problem - this
    is empirical observation.
  • Acting on what they know rather than waiting to
    find out all the information.

14
So what did they think caused disease?
  • Bad air
  • Bad water
  • Bad smells
  • Swamps or marshland
  • Being dirty
  • Living near sewerage
  • In essence they had no clue but acted on what
    they saw.

15
Task
  • Write down a definition for EMPIRICAL
    OBSERVATION.
  • Use the Romans problem as an example.

16
Roman Public Health - Aqueducts
17
Roman Public Health - Baths
18
Roman Public Health - Toilets
19
Task
  • Using the notes in front of you, create a booklet
    on Roman Public Health using the

20
Final Task
  • Quick Quiz
  • This is designed to see what you have found out
    about Roman Public Health.
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