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Medieval Africa

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They both originated in northwest Africa around the Niger River. ... Silent Barter. Silent Barter is a process in which people exchange goods without contacting ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Africa


1
Medieval Africa
2
Two African Empires to know about
And the Empire of Mali.
You need to know about the Empire of Ghana
  • They both originated in northwest Africa around
    the Niger River.
  • The Empire of Ghana came about 300 years before
    Mali.

3
Ghana
The rulers of Ghana built an empire by
controlling the salt and gold trade.
  • Ghana was located between the Sahara desert and
    deep forests. In this location, they were in a
    good position to trade in the regions most
    valuable resources--gold and salt.

4
Salt and Gold
5
Silent Barter
  • Silent Barter is a process in which people
    exchange goods without contacting each other
    directly.
  • In Ghana, traders from the north would cross the
    Sahara and bring their salt. Gold miners came
    from the south to trade their gold. Without
    talking to each other, they would leave their
    goods and hit drums to signal that they were
    ready to trade.
  • Every trader that passed through Ghana paid a tax
    to Ghanas rulers, making the empire very
    wealthy.
  • Ghana eventually declined due to invasions,
    overgrazing, and internal rebellion.

6
Mali
The kingdom of Mali became powerful for the same
reason as Ghanatrade. Traders brought something
else to Mali besides goods Islam.
Even the greatest king, Mansa Musa, became a
Muslim.
7
Mansa Musa
  • Mansa Musa made Mali and its great
    wealth famous throughout the Muslim
    world when he went
    on a pilgrimage to
    Mecca accompanied by thousands of servants and
    gold.
  • Mansa Musa wanted to spread Islam across Africa.
    He encouraged his people to learn Arabic and set
    up schools in Timbuktu and other cities.
  • When Mali fell to invaders, the Songhai Empire
    came into power and helped strengthen Islam in
    West Africa.

8
A Visual Summary of African Empires
9
Practice Test Question
  • What was a result of Mansa Musas pilgrimage to
    Mecca?
  • Mali became famous in the Muslim world.
  • Mansa Musa became a Muslim.
  • Mansa Musa became a Christian.
  • Mansa Musa became friends with Askia the Great.

The answer is A.
10
Practice Test Question
  • Why did Mansa Musa encourage the teaching of
    Arabic?
  • He needed people to translate the Quran.
  • He wanted people to be able to read the Quran in
    Arabic.
  • He wanted to attract scholars to Mali.
  • He wanted to build schools and mosques.

The correct answer is B.
11
Practice test question
  • How did trade affect the development of towns?
  • Towns grew up around salt mines.
  • Towns grew where gold was mined.
  • Places where Islamic missionaries camped grew
    into towns.
  • Places where traders met grew into towns.

The correct answer is D.
12
Practice test question
  • What did the empires of Ghana and Mali NOT have
    in common?
  • Both controlled the Niger region.
  • Both grew rich from trade.
  • Both suffered from invasions.
  • Both were Muslim empires.

The correct answer is D.
13
Practice test question
  • How did the location of cities in the West
    African empires of Ghana and Mali influence their
    growth?
  • Their location in river valleys allowed for
    extensive farming.
  • Their coastal location made the cities major
    ports for maritime trade.
  • Their location on major trade routes allowed them
    to prosper economically.
  • Their mountainous location made the cities easily
    defensible.

The correct answer is C.
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