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Intel vs AMD

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Generally Intel has been the dominant producer. of microprocessor chips. AMD has proven to be a fierce ... ASUS A7V8X. MSI KT4 Ultra. Soyo KT400 Ultra Dragon ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Intel vs AMD


1
Intel vs AMD
By Carrie Pipkin Introduction and History Ramiro
Bolanos Intel and VIA chipsets Dan Hepp VIA
and AMD chipsets, Conclusion

2
Part 1 Comparative History
  • Generally Intel has been the dominant producer
  • of microprocessor chips
  • AMD has proven to be a fierce competitor
  • Competition stimulated the industry by producing
    new and innovative microprocessors
  • In the mid nineties Intel begins to face true
    competition

3
Comparative History 80286 chip
  • 1980s-Intel was the only true producer of
    marketable computer chips
  • 1982-introduce 80286
  • 286 was able to run software of its prior
    microprocessor

4
Comparative History 80286 chip
  • Within 6 years, 15 million 286s are installed
    around the world
  • Intel contracts third party companies to produce
    286s and variants
  • AMD was one of these third party companies
  • AMD became very efficient and capable of being
    its own producer of microprocessors

5
Comparative History 386 chip
  • 1985, Intel releases its 32-bit 386
    microprocessor.
  • Faster and capable of multitasking
  • AMD, under licensed production, produces 386
    chips allowing Intel to meet market demands

6
Comparative History 386 chip
  • During the reign of the 386, AMD decides to
    produce
  • its own CPU.
  • 1987-AMD began legal arbitration over rights to
    produce their own chips.
  • After 5 years of battle, the courts sided with
    AMD.

7
Comparative History -486 chip
  • 1989-Intel releases its 486DX.
  • Allowed point and clicking
  • Initially twice as fast as its predecessor.
  • Intel continued to upgrade to speeds reaching
    66MHz.

8
Comparative History -Am386 chip
  • 1991-AMD released Am386
  • Intels 486 released two years prior
  • AMD believed there still existed a market
  • By October, AMD sold one million units

9
Comparative History -Am486 chip
  • 1993-AMD releases first competing chip Am486
  • 1994-AMD improves chip with Am486DX
  • Am486DX processes up to 100MHz

10
Comparative History -Pentium
  • 1993, Intel realizes it cannot trademark numbers
    x86.
  • This allows AMD the ability to essentially clone
    Intels chips
  • Intels solution dubs its new chip the Pentium
    instead of releasing it as the 586

11
Comparative History -Pentium
  • Handles and processes more media types such as
    speech, sound , and photographic images.
  • It Offered multiple processing speeds up
  • to 200MHz.
  • It became well entrenched in the market
  • During this time, Intel truly dominated

12
Comparative History -Am5x86
  • 1995- AMDs first attempt to compete with the
    Pentium by introducing Am5x86
  • It was really for those who wanted to upgrade
    their 486 motherboards without making a jump to
    the Pentium motherboard
  • AMD did not fare well with this chip

13
Comparative History -AMD K5
  • 1996-K5 introduced
  • First chip comparable to the Pentium
  • Could be placed in the same motherboard as
  • the Pentium, making it compatible
  • Because it was released 3 years after the
    Pentium, it was met with cool reception

14
Comparative History -Pentium Pro
  • In the previous year, Intel released the Pentium
    Pro
  • Able to handle more instructions per clock cycle
  • Intels ability to get a new chip on the market
    before AMD has had the effect of overshadowing
    any of AMDs microprocessors

15
Comparative History -AMD K6
  • 1996-AMD purchases the company NexGen who were
    making a microprocessor of their own
  • AMD uses their core 686 processor to develop the
    AMD K6
  • Additionally, they slap on Intels MMX code
    making it compatible with Pentiums.

16
Comparative History -AMD K6
  • K6 was released in 1997 and reached speeds of
    166Mhz to 200Mhz
  • K6 was significantly cheaper than the Pentium
  • K6 was able to move up to speeds as high as
    300MHz, out performing the Pentiums
  • Intel was ready for the challenge

17
Comparative History -Pentium II
  • Later than year, Intel unveils the Pentium II
  • It was equipped with MMX instructions, ready to
    handle video, audio, and graphics data
  • Better capable of handling video editing, sending
    media via the Internet, and reprocessing music
  • By 1998, the Pentium began to climb in processing
    speeds up to 450 MHz.

18
Comparative History -The Celeron
  • K6 was doing well as a cost effective alternative
    to the Pentium II, although it was an inferior
    chip
  • In response, in 1998, Intel introduced its own
    cheaper and inferiror microprocessor the Celeron
  • It was a stripped down version of the Pentium II

19
Comparative History -AMDs K6-2
  • AMD fights back with an enhanced K6 to take on
    the Pentium II the K6-2
  • Their K6 chip included what they called 3DNow
    technology
  • 3DNow is an additional twenty-two instructions to
    better handle audio, video, and graphic intensive
    programs
  • AMD then releases K6-3 and proves to be a threat
    to Intel

20
Comparative History -Pentium III
  • 1999-Intel responds by coming out with the
    Pentium III
  • It had an additional 70 instructions, improving
    its ability to process advanced imaging,
    streaming audio, video, speech recognition
    programs
  • One goal of the Pentium III was to enhance the
    Internet experience

21
Comparative History -the Athlon
  • The Athlon was a new chip from the ground up
  • It was capable of doing everything the Pentium
    III could do, but was much cheaper
  • The Athlon was beating out the Pentium III

22
Comparative History -Celeron II
  • In 2000, Intel decides to launch a two pronged
    attack against AMD
  • First, Intel fights for low-end market by
    introducing the Celeron II
  • It ranges in speed between 500 and 1100MHz.
  • It was a stripped down processor with enhanced
    speed
  • It was fairly cheap, making it competitive

23
Comparative History -Pentium IV
  • Intel also introduces the Pentium IV
  • It uses four main new technologies Hyper
    Pipelined Technology, Rapid Execution Engine,
    Execution Trace Cache and a 400 MHz system bus
  • Its major improvement was increased speed,
    initially starting at 1.5Ghz with ability for
    expansion
  • Today its reaching upwards to a remarkable 3GHz

24
Comparative History -Pentium IV
  • The Pentium IV can now produce high quality video
  • stream radio and TV quality information across
    the internet
  • Render upscale graphics in real-time
  • Perform several applications simultaneously while
    connected to the Internet

25
Comparative History -the Duron
  • As result of Intels attack on AMD, Intel is once
    again dominating the market
  • AMDs response to the Celeron II was the Duron,
    released the same year (2000)
  • It is a geared down version of the Athlon, but
    edges out the Celeron

26
Comparative History -Athlon XP
  • The Athlon chip was destroying the Pentium III,
    but now is destined for the graveyard
  • In response to the Pentium IV, AMD enhanced the
    Athlon by coming out with the XP series.
  • Test show that an Athlon XP running 1.4GHz
    performs nearly as well as a Pentium of 2Ghz
  • The Athlon XP is a quality chip, but is fading
    away under the onslaught of the heavy performance
    of the Pentium IV

27
Comparative History -the ClawHammer
  • Intel now holds edge over AMD in chip technology
  • Rumored that AMD is developing a powerhouse chip
    called the ClawHammer
  • It is apparently in a testing stage

28
Chipsets
  • Our goal has been to understand the history and
    details of the competition and their processors
    between Intel and Amd
  • Also of importance are Chipsets
  • Knowing some information on chipsets helps
    determine an appropriate opinion on Intel AMD

29
Chipsets
  • A chipset is a group of integrated circuits, sold
    as one unit, designed to perform one or more
    related functions
  • We are focused on chipsets that provide
    functionality for the CPU
  • We compared chipsets from both AMD and Intel as
    well as an outside manufacturer, who makes
    chipsets for both, VIA.

30
  • Chipset
  • Most advanced chipset for the AMD CPU
  • Consists of the VT8235 Southbridge and the VT8377
    Northbridge.

31
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32
Main Features of KT400
  • Front Side Bus (FSB) up to 333Mhz
  • Support for PC 3200 DDR Ram memory _at_ 400 Mhz
  • North-South Bridge Link _at_ 533 Mhz
  • 5 available PCI slots

33
KT400 VT8377 Features
  • Lightening fast memory access 2.7 Gb/s
  • AGP _at_ 8X offers 2.1 Gb/s dedicated speed to 3D
    graphics
  • Fast 333 Mhz FSB

34
KT400 VT8235 Features
  • 533 Mhz 8X V-link interface between North and
    South bridge
  • USB 2.0
  • ATA133
  • 6 Channel Audio

35
Few Popular Motherboards using the KT400
  • Gigabyte 7VAXP
  • Abit AT7 MAX2
  • ASUS A7V8X
  • MSI KT4 Ultra
  • Soyo KT400 Ultra Dragon

36
Performance Measurements AMD (using KT400) vs.
Pentium
  • Using Soyos KT400 Ultra Dragon Motherboard

37
Higher number better
38
Higher number better
39
Higher number better
40
AMD 760 MPX Chipset (Dual Processor)
  • Consists of the AMD-762 system controller
    (northbridge) and the AMD-768 peripheral bus
    controller (southbridge).

41
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42
Main features of AMD 760MPX
  • Front Side Bus (FSB) up to 266 Mhz per processor
    (533Mhz)
  • Support for PC 2100 DDR Ram memory _at_ 266 Mhz
  • North-South Bridge Link _at_ 66 Mhz
  • Up to 7 available PCI slots

43
Features of AMD 760MPX 762 System Controller
  • Two 266 MHz point-to-point AMD system buses
  • PC 2100 DDR Ram memory _at_ 266 Mhz
  • AGP 4X video card support

44
Features of AMD 760MPX 768 Peripheral Bus
Controller
  • Host PCI bus utilizing a 66MHz/64-bit interface.
    Secondary 33MHz/32-bit PCI bus interface,
    including PCI bus arbiter with support for up to
    eight external devices
  • UDMA 33/66/100 compatible EIDE bus master
    controller
  • SMBus controller with one SMBus port

45
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46
Advantages of the AIPC and the SMBus Bus
  • Through the AIPC bus, the Processors have direct
    access to the south bridge
  • Through the SMBus, the memory has the direct
    access to the south bridge
  • Disadvantage of direct access can be potential
    data conflict

47
The 860 Chipset
48
Structure
  • Designed for Xeon Processor
  • 2 Main Chips
  • MCH Memory Controller Hub
  • Controls the high speed bus
  • ICH2 I/O controller Hub
  • Controls the peripheral devices

49
Over view of 860 chipset
50
High Speed Bus
  • Memory
  • 64 Bit PCI connection
  • Graphics Accelerators

51
Memory Configuration
  • RDRAM
  • Up to 64 devices supported by the Paired mode
  • Single Channel-pair Mode
  • Utilizes memory modules ( 4 Gigabytes)
  • Multiple Channel- pair mode
  • Utilizes MRH-R to control the expanded
    capabilities ( 16 Gigabytes of RAM)

52
Block Diagram
53
64 bit PCI Support
  • 400 MHz connection to the P64H chip
  • Allows for a fast connection to a high speed, PCI
    device
  • High data transfer rate
  • High Speed
  • A pair are bundled in the chipset

54
Graphics Accelerator
  • MCH connects to AGP 4X
  • Connection speed of 1 GB/s
  • High performance Accelerators supported
  • Does not Support 8X Accelerators

55
ICH2 Peripherals Bus
  • 32 Bit PCI Bus
  • LAN Controller
  • I/O module
  • Keyboard, Mouse, Floppy disk drive, etc
  • ATA / 100 (IDE standard for Hard Drive)
  • 4 USB Ports

56
Features and Benefits
57
Overview 860 chipset
  • Highly Structured
  • Powered by up to 7 chips
  • High performance

58
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59
Apollo Chipset
  • Designed for the Pentium 4 processor
  • 3 Segments in the Bus
  • North Bridge High speed bus
  • South Bridge peripheral devices

60
Block Diagram
61
North Bridge
  • System Bus
  • 400 MHz
  • Main memory
  • Connection at 266 MHz
  • Bottleneck
  • Accelerated Graphics Controller AGP
  • 4X AGP support

62
South Bridge
  • Controls 32 bit PCI Bus (33 MHz)
  • Supports up to 6 USB devices
  • (2.0 Standard)
  • Hard Drive
  • IDE (ATA 33 / 66 / 100 )
  • LAN controller VT6103

63
South Bridge (contd)
  • Several chips available
  • VT8233
  • VT8233C
  • VT8233A
  • Each with a unique function
  • Price drops

64
Features
  • Supports Intel Pentium 4 Processor
  • 400MHz (Quad 100) FSB setting
  • AGP4X graphics
  • Supports DDR200/266 SDRAM as well as PC100/133
  • SDRAM
  • Ultra fast 266MB per second V-Link between North
    and South Bridge

65
Features (contd)
  • AC'97 and MC'97 Audio/Modem
  • Integrated 3Com 10/100Mb Ethernet Media Access
    Controller
  • Support for 2 ATA 33/66/100 interfaces
  • 6 USB ports, UHCI compliant
  • Advanced power management capabilities
  • Note Source (Via P4X266)

66
Overview
  • Highly structured
  • Unique features
  • LAN, sound, modem integrated
  • 4 GB of Ram
  • Promises to utilize Intels Quad bus pumping
    technology
  • Price conscientious

67
Professional Opinion
  • After serious consideration to
  • Chip performance
  • Reliability
  • Some research
  • 50 from Intels PR
  • We conclude that the
  • 860 chipset is the best chipset within this
    Presentation

68
Thank You
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