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Initial qualification and periodic training for category D professional drivers in Belgium'

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Initial qualification and periodic training for category D professional drivers ... 50 questions on the highway code: 1 point per question, pass mark of 41/50 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Initial qualification and periodic training for category D professional drivers in Belgium'


1
Initial qualification and periodic training for
category D professional drivers in Belgium.
CIECA seminar on directive EC/2003/59 Brussels,
16 December 2008
2
  • Directive 2003/59/EC on the initial qualification
    and periodic training of drivers of
  • certain road vehicles for the carriage of goods
    or passengers, amending Council Regulation (EEC)
    No
  • 3820/85 and Council Directive 91/439/EEC and
    repealing Council Directive 76/914/EEC
  • aims to guarantee the quality (professional
    aptitude) of drivers for the carriage of goods
    and passengers on the road
  • for road safety reasons and for preventing
    unfair competition create corresponding
    qualifications for bus and lorry drivers at a
    common minimum European level
  • before the application of this directive,
    drivers of categories C and D vehicles were
    driving on the basis of a normal driving licence.

3
This directive came into effect on 10 September
2008 for group DIt will be applied on 10
September 2009 for group C Royal decree of 4
May 2007 on the driving licence, professional
aptitudes and ongoing traiing for drivers for
vehicle categories C, CE, D, DE and
sub-categories C1, C1E, D1, D1E
4
Initial Training
  • The directive gives member states the choice of
  • A demanding test
  • A demanding initial training programme
  • Belgium opted for the organisation of a test to
    validate initial training.
  • The test is organised by SPF mobilité et
    transport (Federal Public Service Mobility
    Transport) which certifies testing bodies for
    this purpose.

5
Testing BodiesCertification for a period of FIVE
years
Test centre 2
Test centre 3
Test centre 1
  • Conditions for certification
  • Infrastructure
  • Private terrain
  • Materials
  • ISO 9000
  • Carry out all tests
  • Certified driving examiners employed and paid by
    testing body
  • Use questions from SPF

6
  • To obtain a Certificate of Professional Aptitude
    (CAP)
  • Obligatory initial test (initial qualification
    for access to the profession) for new group 2
    candidates in a test centre.
  • To keep your CAP
  • Obligatory ongoing training for holders of group
    2 licences training in a certified training
    centre for 5 days every 5 years, 7 hours per day.

7
Training Centreapproval for 5 years
  • Centres offering periodic training must be
    certified by SPF mobilité et transport

Conditions for certification Infrastructure Pri
vate terrain Materials Certification Q for,ISO,
ou CEDEO, EFQM Approved training
programme High-level instructors (driving licence
holder for at least 7 years)
8
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9
Initial Qualification Tests
  • Theory test
  • Practical test

Directive 2000/56
Directive 2003/59
Initial qualification (combined exam) Theory test
100 questions (100 minutes) Case studies (80
minutes) Oral test (60 minutes) Practical
test Manuvres on private terrain (30
minutes) Practical test (30 minutes) Public roads
(90 minutes)
10
Test fees (including 21 VAT)
  • A complete test (combined) for category C
  • Theory test
  • 100 questions (100 minutes) 51
  • Case studies 80 minutes 43
  • Oral test 60 minutes 89
  • Practical test
  • Private terrain 30 minutes 36
  • Practical test 30 minutes 53
  • Public roads 90 minutes 124

OVERALL TOTAL 396
TOTAL 183
TOTAL 213
11
Theory test cat. D/D1 driving licence CAP
(CPC) D.
  • Computerised test of 100 mins 50 multiple
    choice questions (highway code) 50 multiple
    choice questions (CAP)
  • Computerised test of 80 mins 8 Case studies
  • Oral test of 60 mins 10 questions

12
Theory test
  • There are two parts to the theory test, presented
    in the form of PC-based multiple choice
    questions.
  • The third part consists of an oral test in the
    presence of an examiner
  • Preparation is possible included in the 60
    minutes
  • 10 oral questions. Each one carries a maximum of
    10 points.
  • 80/100 is required to pass

13
The theory test questions
  • Have been developed by a working group of
    sectoral experts
  • Were then evaluated by a company specialising in
    assessment according to the content of the
    regulations
  • Were presented for final approval to a committee
    of experts set up by SPF Mobilité et Transport.
  • Were entered into the database managed by SPF
    Mobilité et Transport.
  • During the test, the questions are transmitted
    electronically (online) to the test centre.
  • At the end of the test, the candidate immediately
    receives his result and the necessary
    administrative documents.

14
Assessment of the theory tests
  • For the multiple choice questions
  • 1st test
  • 50 questions on the highway code 1 point per
    question, pass mark of 41/50
  • 50 questions on professional aptitude 1 point
    per question, pass mark of 41/50
  • 2nd test the case studies 8 cases in which 5
    questions are asked in multiple choice format. 1
    point per question with a passmark of 32/40

15
  • Evaluation of the oral test
  • 1 possible response
  • Satisfactory 1
  • Poor 0
  • 2/3 possible responses
  • Satisfactory 2
  • Marginal 1
  • Insufficient 0
  • 4/5/6 possible responses
  • Satisfactory 3
  • Marginal 2
  • Insufficient 1
  • Poor 0
  • 7/8/9 possible responses
  • Satisfactory 5
  • Marginal 3-4
  • Insufficient 1-2
  • Poor 0

The examiner has a reference book containing
all the expected responses
16
  • After passing the three parts of the theory test,
    the candidate progresses to the practical tests

17
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18
Practical test driving licence cat. D/D1 CAP
(CPC) D.
  • Test of 25 mins on Private Terrain Special
    manoeuvres
  • Test of 30 mins on Private Terrain Practical
    test for initial qualification
  • Test of 90 mins on public roads 45 minutes 45
    minutes

19
Manuvres on private terrain
  • Pre-drive checks (max. 15 mins)
  • Reverse turn into a garage (max. 3 mins)
  • Reverse in a straight line (max. 2 mins 30)
  • Parallel parking between two cars (max. 2 mins
    30)

20
30 minute test on private terrain Practical
test for initial qualification
  • The aim of the practical test for initial
    qualification is to check that the candidate can
    master his vehicle in a way that guarantees the
    safety and the comfort of his passengers, with
    proper loading, to prevent physical risk, to
    evaluate emergency situations and to prevent
    crime and trafficking of persons.
  • To evaluate this vehicle control, the examiner
    uses an observation form containing the following
    5 areas
  • Comfort
  • Emergency
  • Accident form
  • Loading
  • Criminality

21
30 minute test on private terrain Practical
test for initial qualification
  • There are different scenarios according to the
    type of trip. Here is an example of a possible
    scenario
  • Situation
  • A group of young children, all with back packs
    and accompanied by their teacher, are going on an
    excursion in your coach. The vehicle only has
    access at the front.
  • A teacher is present with you.

22
30 minute test on private terrain Practical
test for initial qualification
  • Scenario example
  • Amongst those present (but who are still outside
    the vehicle) two have come with suitcases. You
    have to lift them up and place them safely in the
    vehicle (either in the hold or in the vehicle
    itself if there is no hold).
  • Your vehicle has a toilet. How will you explain
    to your passengers how to use the toilet ?
  • Imagine that you are driving along the motorway
    and that you have to stop on the hard shoulder.
    How would you explain to your passengers how to
    get out of the vehicle if the vehicle needs to be
    evacuated?

23
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24
90 minute test on public roads
  • The candidate randomly picks (by drawing lots)
    one of a range of routes (of equal difficulty).
    The candidate is then told about the route and
    navigational points which may vary in order.
  • When circumstances require it, the route may be
    changed. This will be noted on the test protocol.
  • The following traffic features must be included
    (where possible) in the test Speed limits
    crossroads road markings traffic lights
    special traffic situations roads in and outside
    built-up areas.

25
90 minute test on public roads
  • To evaluate the candidate, the examiner will use
    an observation frm based on the following 10
    areas
  • Vehicle use and hill start
  • Road positioning
  • Bends
  • Crossing and overtaking
  • Changing direction
  • Give way
  • Traffic lights and directions
  • Speed and direction of traffic
  • Consideration of other road users
  • Defensive driving

26
90 minute test on public roads
  • Respect of rules relating to a driving style
    which is rational, economical, comfortable and
    environmentally-aware is assessed in area 1.
    Safety always comes first.
  • The examiner will give general directions on the
    route to follow and will ask the candidate to
    follow traffic signs. The candidate will have to
    decide for himself if it requires changing
    direction.
  • The ability to hold a conversation and control
    the vehicle at the same time is assessed in
    category 1. The examiner will choose a time
    during the test when to start up a conversation
    with the candidate.
  • The ability to stop and drive off again in
    traffic is also assessed in area 1. During the
    test, the examiner will ask the candidate to
    stop, as if having to drop off some passengers.

27
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