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The Wider Black Sea Area Civil Security Cooperation Civil Security as a tool for Security Sector Int

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Title: The Wider Black Sea Area Civil Security Cooperation Civil Security as a tool for Security Sector Int


1
The Wider Black Sea Area Civil Security
CooperationCivil Security as a tool for Security
Sector Integration and Regional Cooperation in
WBSA based on Civil Society Initiatives
  • NATO ARW Bansko 5-9 April 2006
  • Dr. Velizar Shalamanov
  • PPD SfP981149
  • CoE in Operational Analyses (http//www.gcmarshall
    .bg/sfp981149/)
  • In IPP-BAS
  • This publication is supported by NATOs
    Scientific Division in the framework of Science
    for Peace Program - Project SFP-981149
    (2005-2007)

2
Acknowledgement
  • This publication is supported by NATOs
    Scientific Division in the framework of Science
    for Peace Program - Project SFP-981149
    (2005-2007) under implementation of the study
    The Shift from National to Civil/Societal
    Security Towards Effective Transformation of the
    Security Sector, supported by Bulgarias
    National Science Fund under contract
    VU-MI-103/2005 as one of the criteria of success
    for the SfP981149.
  • The study is conducted by an interdisciplinary
    research team with participants from the G.S.
    Rakovski Defense and Staff College, the Academy
    of the Ministry of the Interior, the Center for
    National Security and Defense Research at the
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, and the Institute
    for Security and International Studies, all based
    in Sofia, Bulgaria and working as a partners of
    the CoE in OA under SfP981149.

3
Outline
  • The Wider Black Sea Area Definition
  • Change Management Concept in Security Area
  • From National Security to Civil Security
  • Transformation to Integrated Security Sector
  • Civil Security Concept Development and Scenario
    Generation for Experimentation Bulgarian and
    GBSA/SEE Cases
  • Experimentation of Concepts through CAX in Civil
    Security Area
  • Software Package for Crisis Management CAX.
  • Enterprise Architecture of JTSAC for CAX on
    Crisis Management
  • Architecture of Communications Infrastructure
  • Effective Management of Research Organizations /
    Projects
  • JTSAC Support from CoE-OA

4
What is WBSA?
  • Littoral states of the Black Sea?
  • Are Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan included?
  • What about Greece, Macedonia, Albania?
  • How SEEDM and GUAM are linked?
  • Is USA included with its forces footprint in some
    of the key countries Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania
    as well as key role in SEEDM and new BSEC
    observer status?
  • Where are the borders and what is the
    interconnection with adjacent regions of Central
    Asia, Middle East, Gulf, greater Middle East?
  • Is there recognition in NATO, EU, US, Russia of
    the region as such?

5
NATOs Black Sea Region?
  • Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey!
  • USA is included with its forces footprint in some
    of the key countries Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania
    as well as its key role in SEEDM, presence in
    Georgia?
  • The involvement of Albania and Macedonia as MAP
    countries
  • The involvement of Ukraine and Georgia as new
    democracies

Russia
Ukraine
Oil consumers, security providers
Romania
Black Sea
Oil fields, instability
Bulgaria
Georgia
Albania
Macedonia
Greece
Turkey
USA
6
Related regions
  • Link with Central Europe (Romania)
  • Link with the SEE (Bulgaria)
  • Link with Caucasus (Georgia) and further with
    Central Asia (STANs)
  • New borders with key regions (Turkey)
  • NATO
  • EU
  • Russia and CIS as Euro-Asian sub-region

7
Links Between BSR and Adjacent Regions
  • Link with Central Europe (Romania)
  • Link with SEE (Bulgaria)
  • Link with the Caucasus (Georgia) and further with
    Central Asia (STANs)
  • New borders with key regions (Turkey)
  • EU
  • Russia
  • NATO as a whole

Russia
S.C.
NATO
EU
Black Sea Region
CE
SEE
Central Asia
Other key regions
8
Political future of WBSA
  • Political landscape (CoE)
  • Maturity of the Civil Society (US)
  • Status of the Market Economy (EU)
  • Wider framework of security (OSCE)
  • Security Sector Institutions and Partnership for
    Security (NATO)
  • BSEC role
  • UN representation

9
Is there common vision for WBSA?
  • About the region from outside
  • From the region itself
  • What about the leadership and will?
  • What about the faith in better future?
  • short term
  • long term
  • What about the capacity?

10
Elements of the WBSA Security and Integration
Plan
  • invest in democratic/legal market institutions
  • support organizational development of
    state/legal market institutions
  • support civil society development and maturity
    (coalitions)
  • motivate cooperation
  • - block illegal capitals
  • - suppress organizations of former secret
    services
  • - block infiltration in NGOs of former secret
    services
  • - block attempts for domination / isolation
  • Need for internal agreement and will as well as
    external commitment

11
Invariant steps forward - I
  • United efforts to fight strategic crime in the
    region based on networks of former secret
    services and trafficking channels
  • Maintaining involvement of the region in the
    framework of total war against terrorism with
    larger cooperation in the WBSA
  • Strengthening of the civil society locally and
    on regional basis, building of coalitions
  • Intensive regional cooperation with the
    involvement of NATO in education and training in
    order to motivate network centric, knowledge
    based influence to the future (US-NATO-EU with
    PfP Consortium and DCAF can play role)

12
Invariant steps forward - II
  • Regional cooperation in emergency management
    NATO, EU and SP/BSEC can play role
  • SSR (transformation into integrated security
    sector) to include not only military, but
    police, civil protection, special services,
    judiciary system (NATO and EU can play role with
    serious participation of GCDCAF)
  • Consider the future of WBSA in larger context of
    the future of Europe and regions adjacent to
    Europe through WBSA when developing long-term
    strategy and implementation projects

13
NATO Focus
  • Modalities for cooperation in NATO format
    Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey and the US
  • These modalities should be based on key NATO
    priorities capabilities, interoperability, NRF,
    operations, partnership with neighbors.
  • NATO focus should take into consideration EU
    developments and OSCE / UN needs.
  • NATO should support regional initiatives SEEDM,
    BLACKSEEFOR and even BSEC, Stability Pact for SEE
    (WT III)

14
Opportunities for Cooperation
  • Education and Training from MVLE to Virtual
    University / Civil Society Network of Security
    related NGO
  • Research and Development academic support of
    transformation through Center for Security and
    Integration in a Network of CoE on Transformation
    Support (NATO SC HSD Panel)
  • Joint approach to emergency management under a
    common model of Civil Security in the region
  • Common model for border security
  • Joint approach to air and maritime security
  • Multinational formations for expeditionary
    operations and NATO/US/EU military footprint in
    the region
  • Agency for Joint Projects in Security Sector
    Transformation with EU/US participation
    especially for the smaller nations such as
    Albania, Bulgaria, Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova.

15
Regional Framework - NATO Framework
  • WG with leading nation and participation of
    others.
  • Reporting to NATO through national missions.
  • Forming a NATO project with participation of
    other willing NATO countries outside the region.
  • Involvement of NATO agencies and working bodies.
  • Joint implementation through regional structures.
  • Extension to partners in the PfP/EAPC framework.
  • Coordination with other institutions.

16
Involvement of Other Institutionsand Countries
  • EU
  • Border security
  • Emergency management
  • Battle groups
  • EDA
  • US
  • Joint training
  • Joint modernization projects
  • Joint deployment
  • Military presence

17
Emergency Management Civil Security
  • Strengthen joint approaches to emergency
    management and border security
  • Critical infrastructure management and protection
  • Develop a common concept of Civil Security in the
    region as a key part of the Euroatlantic Area
  • Role of the SEE Council of CP Directors and BSI
    on CMEP
  • Model of Bulgaria Separate State Agency for
    Civil Protection under Member of the Cabinet,
    responsible for EM, but at the same time dealing
    with State Reserve, Refugees, Minorities, etc.
    close cooperation with local administration.
  • Development of Civil Guard structures?
  • Model of IEMS (USTDA Project) and regular
    CAX/CPX/FX.

18
Security Environment
  • Peace or War? many studies accomplished and
    focus on CM identified
  • Types of crisis we face
  • Disasters / Catastrophes
  • Public Order / Security
  • Military / paramilitary operations
    expeditionary ops
  • Threatened interests abroad
  • Terrorism and organized crime / trafficking

19
Crisis Management
  • Scope of risks activated to form the situation
  • Speed of development of the situation
  • Scope of citizens involved / impacted
  • Scope of involved institutions (local, district,
    national, regional, global)
  • Scope of required resources as quality and
    quantity
  • Scope of legal norms activated
  • Scope of the cooperation on the ground

20
From National Security to Civil Security
Strategic Review for Transformation to Integrated
Security Sector
  • Establishing of National Academic SST Center
    between DSC, AMoI, CNSDR-BAS and GCMA-Bu
  • Development of Methodology for SST Support
  • Development of UCJTL for Crisis Management /
    Civil Security and Combined Joint Capabilities
    Planning

21
Civil Security ConceptCitizen(s) and its Living
Environment in the Center
  • Third Pillar of the Security Sector Crisis
    Response and Emergency Management Service Civil
    Security Organization
  • Civil Society and Citizen Third Factor in SSR to
    address Civil Security
  • Balance between central power and local powers
  • Balance between public and private component
  • Balance between state component and volunteer
    components
  • Balance between Civil Security Organization and
    MoD / MoI, other traditional security sector
    services
  • Level of international cooperation
  • Building of Integrated Security Sector through
    Third Generation SSR
  • White paper on Civil Security in Bulgaria
    presented in 2004
  • Concept for Protection of Population and National
    Economy as Civil Security Concept is supported in
    2005/2006

22
Third Generation of SSR Integrated Security
Sector (ISS) focused on Civil Security
  • Functional Challenge - responsibilities
  • Structural Challenge separate organization
  • Operational Challenge leading / support
    organization for different operations
  • Capabilities Challenge ownership of critical
    capabilities

23
Other specific challenges to ISS
  • Program Management Challenge for capabilities,
    for early warning, mitigation, preparedness,
    response, recovery
  • Resource Management Challenge
  • Legal Issues
  • Organizational Issues
  • C2 System Issue (NCO network centric ops, NEC
    network enabled capabilities) integrated
    emergency management system (IEMS)

24
General challenges to ISS
  • Civil Control Issue Parliamentarian control of
    resources, operations, personnel policy
  • International Cooperation Issue (SEE, BSCR /
    WBSA, NATO/PfP, EU, OSCE) Code of Conduct and
    Cooperation on Emergency Management
  • Change Management Issue (Transformation) of the
    security sector to address new missions and for
    regional cooperation

25
Key Role of Scenario Development in Concept
ExperimentationSecurity Scenario Development
NATO ARW, Boyana-2005, Bulgaria
  • Methodology identified
  • Regional view tested
  • Network Established
  • but
  • Follow up is postponed
  • Local owner is missed
  • NATO, EU, US interest is limited
  • Institutional approach similar to SEEGROUP SEECAP
    is needed for Civil Security possible goal for
    NATO ARW, Bansko-2006, Bulgaria

26
Scenarios
  • Set of events out of our control (NRBC, Medical,
    Seismological, Meteo Hydrological)
  • Vulnerabilities of population / infrastructure
  • Universal CJ CM Task List
  • Reaction forces mission capabilities packages
  • C4ISR for CM (Network of EOC)
  • Scenario development, management and simulation
  • Information collection and analysis (LL)

27
Academic Support to SST around Civil Security
Concept
  • Political and legal framework to guide and
    support integrated security sector Strategic
    Review of the Security and Security Sector
  • Enterprise Architecture Governance Methodology
    for third generation of SSR
  • Tools for support of Enterprise Architecture
    Governance Methodology for third generation of
    SSR, including CAX

28
EU TACOM SEE-2006 as a Case Study on Civil
Security Driven SST
  • Terrorist attack disasters / catastrophes
    consequence management
  • New Emergency management (Civil Security
    Ministry) and its cooperation with MoD, MoI and
    other agencies for integrated response
  • SEE Regional Cooperation and EU MIC, NATO EADRCC
  • Bul Protection 2006, EU CME 06, NATO CMX 06
    exercises integration
  • Extension to WBSA and integration in PfP/EAPC and
    EU Neighborhood Policy

29
Software Package for Crisis Management CAX
  • TACOM National CM Center (NCMC)
  • TACOM District CM Center (DCMC)
  • TACOM Field CM Center (FCMC)
  • TACOM Agency CM Center (ACMC)
  • TACOM International POC (IPOC)
  • TACOM MS Tools (MST)
  • TACOM Scenario Management (SM)

30
MOSEX Software package(Modules for Support of
Exercise)
31
JTSAC architecture(IPP BAS as base for JTSAC)
  • 1st floor
  • CAX development rooms
  • Distaff rooms
  • National Crisis Management Center (training)
  • Computer Center
  • Communications / Forecast Center
  • 2nd floor
  • Briefing room
  • Coordination Cell
  • Press-Center
  • VIP hall
  • Refreshment site

32
Architecture of Communications Infrastructure
  • External Comms Center
  • Other agencies
  • NATO, EU, UN, OSCE
  • Countries in the region
  • Emergency Call Center
  • Monitoring ad Forecast Center
  • Weather
  • Other critical factors
  • Alert Center for Crisis Situations
  • Network Control Center (including Information
    Assurance)

33
Comms for support of external elements of CAX (EU
TACOM SEE-2006 case)
34
Effective Management
  • Management of Research Organizations (CoE-OA
    case)
  • Management of Research Projects (CM CAX case)
  • Integration of NATO, EU, US and National Funding
    for Development of JTSAC-CS

35
JTSAC-IPPOrganization Structure
WG1
General Management
Planning and PR
Costing and analyses
36
National Base for Supporting Cooperation
  • Strategy and Implementation Plan with
    Parliamentarian Support
  • Office of Transformation
  • Center of Operational Analyses (COA) to support
    CDE/ATD
  • Acquisition Agency
  • Involvement of National RD / ST Community
  • Involvement of National Defense Industry
  • Involvement of the other industries

37
JTSAC Support from CoE-OA for SST(NATO SfP gt EU
FWP7)
  • Concept development and study of political /
    legal framework, scenario development with NATO
    ARW
  • Architecture development and assessment with
    USTDA IEMS Feasibility Study
  • CAX for experimentation, training, knowledge
    acquisition with EU TACOM SEE-2006
  • Change management planning, costing, performance
    measurement, reporting with development of
    Ministry of State Policy on Disasters and
    Catastrophes (MSPDC)
  • Knowledge management and education / training
    with DSC, AMoI, UNWE, SU and National Training
    Center Directorate of MSPDC

38
Where is the C?? situated among other
organizations?
Governance / Costumers
Parliament
President
Government
Security Council
Costumers
MoD
MoI
Civil Protection
Other Agencies
COA Change Management
Institutes of BAS
Universities
Defense Industry
Other Industries
Back office
Implementation / Competition
39
Where is the COA situated along the CDE/ATD
process in support of transformation?
Transformation Process gt
Training / CAX
Advanced Technology Demonstration
Concept development
Acquisition
Experimentation
Force Preparation
Acquisition Office
Force Employment
COA in CM
Transformation Office
Operations
40
Regional (SEE/WBSA) Training, Simulation and
Analysis Center on Civil Security
  • Step to Civil Security Coordination Center for
    WBSA
  • Research in the Area of Civil Security and
    Concept Development
  • Training, including ADL and CAX / Simulations for
    Experimentation
  • Analysis and LL from Exercises
  • Certification of personnel and teams
  • Integration between MoDs, MoIs and Civil
    Protection Services (Emergency Management
    Ministries) using Academic Environment
  • Joint venture Administration / NGO,
    Universities, Academia Institutes Regional
    players / NATO, EU, US

41
Regional JTSAC Implementation
  • Strategy for development of Regional (SEE/GBSA)
    JTSAC Civil Security (Civil Protection) as
    Bulgarian Contribution to EU/NATO/US efforts in
    SEE/GBSA in the Area of Emergency Management
    (CMEP)
  • Bulgaria is active in drafting Black Sea Strategy
    of NATO. Bulgaria is chairing for two years BSEC
    WG Civil Protection, and is very active in
    NATO with EADRCC as well as in EU with MIC.
  • For EU TACOM SEE-2006 in the Institute of
    parallel processing (IPP-BAS) the National Joint
    Training Simulation and Analysis Center (JTSAC)
    on Civil Security (Civil Protection) will be
    established and with Government commitment will
    be very easy to be promoted as Regional
    (SEE/GBSA) JTSAC Civil Security (Civil
    Protection).

42
Conclusions
  • Definition of WBSA
  • Definition of Civil Security
  • Definition of the Integrated Security Sector as a
    goal for Third Generation of SSR
  • Academic Support to Transformation of the
    Security Sector to Integrated Network of
    Organizations on three levels
  • Role of CAX in SST to ISS based on CS Concept
  • JTSAC main tool for CAX support in change
    management
  • Education for Change Management key instrument
    for change management (link with PfP Consortium
    and Education for Reform Initiative)

43
Education for Change Management in Security
Sector on Civil Security(international master
degree)
  • National and International Security Course
  • SSR and Integrated Security Sector Course
  • Crisis Management and Civil Security Course
  • EAG and CAX Course
  • Program / Resource Management in Security Area
    Course
  • Knowledge Management in Security Area Course
  • Civil Military Relations and Civil Control
    Course
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