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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt is made up of the thin strip of land that sits alongside the Nile ... 1938 B.C. 1759 B.C. Twelfth dynasty, the classical period of ancient Egypt ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
  • Daniel Gima, Jon. Itokazu
  • Period 4

2
Background Info.
3
  • Ancient Egypt is made up of the thin strip of
    land that sits alongside the Nile River in the
    desert of North Africa.
  • The Nile valley itself is ten miles wide and six
    hundred miles long. Egypt is split into two
    regions The Valley/ Upper Egypt, and the Delta/
    Lower Egypt.
  • The Valley is a long narrow sliver of land in to
    the south.
  • The Delta is a wide triangular piece of land
    where the Nile branches off into the
    Mediterranean Sea to the North.

4
  • The Nile spills over its banks from between June
    and October, this period is called inundation.
  • This is essential for farming because it restores
    moisture and nutrients to the soil.
  • In the summer the temperature often hits 100
    degrees Fahrenheit, winter temperatures dip to 65
    degrees Fahrenheit.

5
EQ Question
  • To what extent did the rule of King Ramses II,
    amplify Egyptian economic and military power?

6
Chronological Timeline of Ancient Egypt
7
  • Before 8000 B.C. - People settled the Nile River
    in North Africa
  • 4500 B.C. - Scattered Neolithic tribes began to
    farm, make tools and weapons, created artwork,
    built houses, and began to trade. These people
    became united in their efforts to control the
    dangerous Nile River. These settlements developed
    into Upper and Lower Egypt.
  • 3200 B.C.- Settlers on the Nile begin to use
    sailboats.

8
  • 3000 B.C. - Upper and Lower Egypt was unified
    under King Menes, who started a dynastic system
    of ruling families who made Egypt into a powerful
    state. Also Egyptian hieroglyphics are developed
  • 2900 B.C. Egyptian government introduces a
    standard, official calendar.
  • 2650 B.C. King Djoser builds the first known
    pyramid.
  • 2625 B.C. to 2130 B.C. The Old Kingdom, when
    the great pyramids where built.

9
  • 2625 B.C. to 2500 B.C. Fourth Dynasty, the
    Pyramids of Giza are built
  • 2625 B.C. to 2130 B.C. The Old Kingdom, when
    the great pyramids where built.
  • 2288 B.C. to 2194 B.C. Pepi II reigns during
    the sixth dynasty at age six and rules for ninety
    four years.
  • 2129B.C. to 1980 B.C. The First Intermediate
    Period, a time of Egyptian civil war.

10
  • 1980 B.C. to 1630 B.C. The Middle Kingdom,
    period in which art, culture, and trade
    flourished. The military was also organized and
    new irrigation systems enabled thousands of acres
    of farmland to be used. There were 4 dynasties in
    the Middle Kingdom.
  • 1938 B.C. 1759 B.C. Twelfth dynasty, the
    classical period of ancient Egypt
  • 1630 B.C. to 1539 B.C. Second Intermediate
    Period. Asian immigrants known as Hyksos, settled
    in northern Egypt. These people gained political
    control over some Egyptian territories. Because
    of several weak Egyptian leaders, Egypt was not
    able to hold a central authority and the Hyksos
    took over Egypt.

11
  • 1600 B.C. Egyptian rulers at Thebes who had
    controlled a small piece of land built a powerful
    army and beat the Hyksos.
  • 1539 B.C. to 1075 B.C. New Kingdom, Egypt was a
    major economic and political influence in Africa
    and Asia
  • 1514 B.C. to 1493 B.C. Reign of Amenhotep I
  • 1479 B.C. to 1458 Hatshepsut takes the thrown
    as regent for Thutmose III
  • 1458 B.C. to 1425 B.C.- Thutmose III rules

12
  • 1353 B.C. to 1336 B.C. Amunhotep IV rules, he
    changes his name to Akehenaton, he rejects Egypts
    old religion in Amun in favor for Aten, the sun
    god of the city of Heliopolis, his religious
    monotheistic views were revolutionary.
  • 1292 B.C. to 1225 B.C Rule of Ramses II

13
  • 1079 B.C. to 656 B.C. The Third Intermediate
    Period, decline of ancient Egypt, brought on by
    the invasion and defeat of Egypt by the Cushite
    Dynasty. Internal problems, foreign rulers, and
    invasions eventually brought ancient Egypts
    demise. Egyptian culture was then influenced by
    Persian, Greek, and Roman cultures, which changed
    Egyptian civilization forever.
  • 664 B.C. to 332 B.C. Late Period

14
Chronology of Ramses IIs Reign
15
  • June 1279 B.C. Coronation
  • 1276 B.C. First military campaign in Syria
  • 1275 B.C. Second military campaign in Syria,
    battle of Kadesh
  • 1274 B.C. to 1269 B.C. Three more military
    campaigns in Syria
  • 1262 B.C. Possible exodus of Jews
  • 1260 B.C. Ramses II crushes a revolt in Nubia
  • 1258 B.C. Treaty formed with the kingdom of
    Hatti

16
  • 1255 B.C. inauguration of the temples of Abu
    Simbel
  • 1254 B.C. Nefertari dies
  • 1249 B.C. first jubilee, sed feast- reaffirms
    Rameses IIs power
  • 1246 B.C. second jubilee
  • 1245 B.C. First Hittite marriage
  • 1243 B.C. Third jubilee
  • 1241 B.C. Hittite prince-heir visits Egypt

17
  • 1239 B.C. Fourth jubilee
  • 1237 B.C. Fifth jubilee
  • 1235 B.C. second Hittite marriage
  • 1227 B.C. to 1221 B.C. three more jubilees
  • 1220 B.C. Merneptah named prince-heir
  • 1215 B.C. to 1206 B.C. four more jubilees
  • 1214 B.C. Ramses II dies

18
Bibliography
  • Tiano, Oliver. Ramses II and Egypt. New York
    Henry Holt and Company, 1996.
  • King Ramses II. Kingtutshop.com. 1 March 2006.
    http//www.kingtutshop.com/freeinfo/ramses.htm
  • Day, Nancy. Your Travel Guide to Ancient Egypt.
    Minneapolis Runestone Press, 2001
  • Johnson, Paul. The Civilization of Ancient Egypt.
    New York Atheneum, 1978
  • Egypt. Bigfoto.com. 2 March 2006.
    http//www.bigfoto.com/africa/egypt/egypt-pyramide
    -n3.jpg
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