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Ancient Egypt


Ancient Egypt. Chapter 3, Section 2. The Rulers of Egypt. TN SPI 6.5.1, 6.6.2. Objectives. Learn about ... Pharaoh the title of the kings of ancient Egypt ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt
  • Chapter 3, Section 2
  • The Rulers of Egypt
  • TN SPI 6.5.1, 6.6.2

  • Learn about the history of kingship in ancient
  • Find out about Egypts accomplishments during
    each of the three kingdom periods.
  • Understand what characterized the rule of Egypt
    during the New Kingdom period.

Key Terms
  • Pharaoh the title of the kings of ancient Egypt
  • Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
    or ethnic group
  • Absolute power complete control over someone or
  • Regent someone who rules for a child until the
    child is old enough to rule

Dynasty to Dynasty
  • A dynasty is a series of rulers from the same
  • Egypt had 31 dynasties from 3100 B.C. until it
    was conquered in 332 B.C. (2768)
  • Egypts dynasties are grouped into three major
    time periods.
  • Old Kingdom
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdom

Egypt is Unified 3100 B.C.
  • Egypts first dynasty began when King Menes
    united Upper and Lower Egypt.
  • The unification of Egypt was the beginning of one
    of the most stable civilizations in history.
  • Not much is known about Egypts first dynasties.

Old Kingdom 2686-2125 B.C.
  • The Old Kingdom consisted of Dynasties 3-8 and
    lasted for 561 years.
  • Pharaohs during this time kept peace and traded
    with Nubia.
  • Toward the end of the Old Kingdom, the power of
    the pharaoh was challenged, Egypts unity
    crumbled, and the dynasties grew weak.

Old Kingdom 2686-2125 B.C.
  • Accomplishments
  • Builders begin the Great Pyramid 2589 B.C.
  • Great Sphinx statue is completed 2533 B.C

Middle Kingdom 2055-1650 B.C.
  • The Middle Kingdom consisted of Dynasties 11-13
    and lasted for 405 years.
  • Pharaohs during this time reunited Egypt.
  • Money was spent on public works and not wars.
  • Buildings and irrigation projects were completed.
  • Egypt grew richer, but weaker and less able
    rulers followed.

Middle Kingdom 2055-1650 B.C.
  • Accomplishments
  • Egypt expands into Lower Nubia.
  • Literature and art flourish.

New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • The New Kingdom consisted of Dynasties 18-20 and
    lasted for 481 years.
  • Pharaohs wanted to build an empire.
  • They created huge armies of foot soldiers,
    mounted warriors, and charioteers.
  • Bronze swords and body armor made the Egyptians

New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • King Tut was one ruler during the New Kingdom.
  • He became pharaoh as a child and died at the age
    of 18.
  • An archaeologist discovered his tomb was
    discovered in 1922.

New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • Thutmose III became pharaoh as a child. His
    stepmother Hatshepsut was appointed his regent.
  • She appointed herself pharaoh and ruled for 15
  • Her reign was good for Egypt. She ruled during a
    time of great peace and economic success.

Queen Hatshepsut
  • When Thutmose grew up, Queen Hatshepsut refused
    to give up her throne.
  • After her death Thutmose became pharaoh and
    destroyed all her statues.
  • Its unclear if he had a part in his
    step-mothers death.

Thutmose III
  • Thutmose became one of the greatest pharaohs of
    the New Kingdom.
  • He led his army in war against Syria and
    Phonecia, and reached the Euphrates River.
  • He treated those he defeated with mercy.

New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • Accomplishments
  • Queen Hatshepsut rules from 1503-1482 B.C.
  • Thutmose III expands the empire to Syria.

Egypt Conquered
  • Alexander the Great of Macedonia conquered Egypt
    in 332 B.C.
  • The Macedonians ruled Egypt for about 300 years.
  • In 51 B.C. Queen Cleopatra VII became the last
    Macedonian to rule Egypt until it was conquered
    by the Romans.
  • Egypt became part of the Roman Empire in 31 B.C.

Queen Cleopatra
  • Cleopatra suspected that the Romans would parade
    her through Egypt to celebrate their victory.
  • To avoid this humiliation, she committed suicide.
  • Egypt would not govern itself for nearly 2000