Ancient Egypt - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Ancient Egypt PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 1c17e-N2NmY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Ancient Egypt

Description:

Ancient Egypt. Chapter 3, Section 2. The Rulers of Egypt. TN SPI 6.5.1, 6.6.2. Objectives. Learn about ... Pharaoh the title of the kings of ancient Egypt ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:274
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: mardena
Category:
Tags: ancient | egypt

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
  • Chapter 3, Section 2
  • The Rulers of Egypt
  • TN SPI 6.5.1, 6.6.2

2
Objectives
  • Learn about the history of kingship in ancient
    Egypt.
  • Find out about Egypts accomplishments during
    each of the three kingdom periods.
  • Understand what characterized the rule of Egypt
    during the New Kingdom period.

3
Key Terms
  • Pharaoh the title of the kings of ancient Egypt
  • Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
    or ethnic group
  • Absolute power complete control over someone or
    something
  • Regent someone who rules for a child until the
    child is old enough to rule

4
Dynasty to Dynasty
  • A dynasty is a series of rulers from the same
    family.
  • Egypt had 31 dynasties from 3100 B.C. until it
    was conquered in 332 B.C. (2768)
  • Egypts dynasties are grouped into three major
    time periods.
  • Old Kingdom
  • Middle Kingdom
  • New Kingdom

5
Egypt is Unified 3100 B.C.
  • Egypts first dynasty began when King Menes
    united Upper and Lower Egypt.
  • The unification of Egypt was the beginning of one
    of the most stable civilizations in history.
  • Not much is known about Egypts first dynasties.

6
Old Kingdom 2686-2125 B.C.
  • The Old Kingdom consisted of Dynasties 3-8 and
    lasted for 561 years.
  • Pharaohs during this time kept peace and traded
    with Nubia.
  • Toward the end of the Old Kingdom, the power of
    the pharaoh was challenged, Egypts unity
    crumbled, and the dynasties grew weak.

7
Old Kingdom 2686-2125 B.C.
  • Accomplishments
  • Builders begin the Great Pyramid 2589 B.C.
  • Great Sphinx statue is completed 2533 B.C

8
Middle Kingdom 2055-1650 B.C.
  • The Middle Kingdom consisted of Dynasties 11-13
    and lasted for 405 years.
  • Pharaohs during this time reunited Egypt.
  • Money was spent on public works and not wars.
  • Buildings and irrigation projects were completed.
  • Egypt grew richer, but weaker and less able
    rulers followed.

9
Middle Kingdom 2055-1650 B.C.
  • Accomplishments
  • Egypt expands into Lower Nubia.
  • Literature and art flourish.

10
New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • The New Kingdom consisted of Dynasties 18-20 and
    lasted for 481 years.
  • Pharaohs wanted to build an empire.
  • They created huge armies of foot soldiers,
    mounted warriors, and charioteers.
  • Bronze swords and body armor made the Egyptians
    unbeatable.

11
New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • King Tut was one ruler during the New Kingdom.
  • He became pharaoh as a child and died at the age
    of 18.
  • An archaeologist discovered his tomb was
    discovered in 1922.

12
New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • Thutmose III became pharaoh as a child. His
    stepmother Hatshepsut was appointed his regent.
  • She appointed herself pharaoh and ruled for 15
    years.
  • Her reign was good for Egypt. She ruled during a
    time of great peace and economic success.

13
Queen Hatshepsut
  • When Thutmose grew up, Queen Hatshepsut refused
    to give up her throne.
  • After her death Thutmose became pharaoh and
    destroyed all her statues.
  • Its unclear if he had a part in his
    step-mothers death.

14
Thutmose III
  • Thutmose became one of the greatest pharaohs of
    the New Kingdom.
  • He led his army in war against Syria and
    Phonecia, and reached the Euphrates River.
  • He treated those he defeated with mercy.

15
New Kingdom 1550-1069 B.C.
  • Accomplishments
  • Queen Hatshepsut rules from 1503-1482 B.C.
  • Thutmose III expands the empire to Syria.

16
Egypt Conquered
  • Alexander the Great of Macedonia conquered Egypt
    in 332 B.C.
  • The Macedonians ruled Egypt for about 300 years.
  • In 51 B.C. Queen Cleopatra VII became the last
    Macedonian to rule Egypt until it was conquered
    by the Romans.
  • Egypt became part of the Roman Empire in 31 B.C.

17
Queen Cleopatra
  • Cleopatra suspected that the Romans would parade
    her through Egypt to celebrate their victory.
  • To avoid this humiliation, she committed suicide.
  • Egypt would not govern itself for nearly 2000
    years.
About PowerShow.com