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GENESIS: THE STORY OF CREATION

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The Fall: Adam and Eve Tempted by the Snake, by Hugo van der Goes (1440-1482) Adam and Eve, Albrecht D rer (1471-1528) (1507) Michelangelo. Original Sin (1512) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GENESIS: THE STORY OF CREATION


1
GENESIS THE STORY OF CREATION
  • World Literature I

Presentation by
Ralph Monday
2
Creation Of Adam 1512 Michelangelo 1475-1564
3
Creation of Eve Michelangelo 1512 1475-1564
4
Adam and Eve Marc Chagall 1912
5
Adam and Eve Lucas Cranach the Elder 1531
6
Pre-Israelite History
  • The first eleven chapters of Genesis hint at the
    earliest ages of human life and civilization (see
    Chapter 1). While these chapters do not convey
    history in a scientific sense, they do show
    awareness of the momentous moves to civilization
    attested in anthropology and archaeology

7
Genesis Authorship
  • The book of Genesis was written by a number of
    authors who assembled material from three
    traditions
  • "J, named for the Yahwist tradition who referred
    to God as Yahweh (translated "the Lord" in
    English).

8
  • "E, named for the Elohist tradition who referred
    to God as Elohim, which was derived from the name
    of the Canaanite God El (translated as "God" in
    English).

9
  • "P, named for the Priestly class who were
    primarily concerned with history, genealogies,
    etc.

10
  • the first construction of cities, the
    domestication of animals for human use, the
    conflict between agriculture and shepherding, the
    development of bronze and iron tools, and the
    invention of musical instruments and the fine
    arts.

11
Ancestral Period (2000-1550 B.C.E.)
  • No exact date for the period of Israel's
    ancestors, the patriarchs and matriarchs, can be
    determined.
  • A widely-held guess is that Abraham and Sarah,
    Isaac and Rebekah, and Jacob's family were of the
    Middle Bronze age, thus living sometime between
    2000 and 1550 B.C.E.

12
  • Historians have also placed them both earlier and
    later than this. Unfortunately, there is no
    external evidence that can confirm the existence
    of any of the ancestors.
  • They exist for us only in the story in the Bible.
  • Almost everything we know of Israel's ancestors
    comes from Genesis 12-50 (see Chapter 2), nothing
    from Mesopotamia or Egypt.

13
Old Testament Covenant
  • The God who was later identified as the God of
    Israel encountered Abraham and made a covenant
    with him that included
  • promises of future well-being, including the
    inheritance of Canaan as a family homeland and
    the growth of the family into an international
    empire.

14
William Blake Elohim Creating Adam 1795/c.1805
15
GENESIS
  • The book of Genesis is the book of origins. It
    begins by describing the creation of the world,
    and along the way it conveys basic features of
    the Hebrew view of
  • God, the universe, and humanity. Genesis also
    accounts for the origin of the nation of Israel
    by telling tales of its ancestors.

16
  • Genesis is such an important book that it gets
    two chapters
  • Chapter 1. Genesis 1-11 the Primeval Story and
    Chapter 2. Genesis 12-50 the Ancestral Story.

17
Genesis The Primeval Story
  • The origin stories of Genesis 1-11 the Primeval
    Story, referring to the earliest ages of cultural
    development.
  • The Primeval Story is a sweeping account of the
    earliest events, from the creation of the world
    to the spread of humanity over the face of the
    earth. But the writer only mentions those seminal
    events that fit his purpose.

18
  • The primeval story is not history.
  • The earliest events of creation had no human
    eyewitnesses.
  • Stories such as we find in the early chapters of
    Genesis are mostly myths and sagas.

19
  • A literalistic approach to Genesis 1-11 would
    confuse history with myth and reality with
    symbol.
  • Applying such terms as "myth" to Genesis in no
    way devalues or demeans the stories.
  • Indeed, a mythos communicates powerful human
    truths.

20
A Creation Mythos
Spiral galaxy NGC 1232
21
  • Deep human questions give rise to creation myths
  • Who are we?
  • How did we get here?
  • What is the purpose of life?

22
Definition of Myth
  • Myth is a cultures means of understanding
    fundamental realities.
  • A myth is a traditional story of supposedly real
    events that is told in order to explain a
    culture's beliefs, practices, institutions, or a
    phenomenon of nature.

23
  • Often myths are associated with religious rituals
    or doctrines.
  • Both ancient cultures and modern ones have their
    particular myths.

24
  • The cosmology of the "Big Bang" is a contemporary
    myth that strives to account for the universe.
  • It remains a construct under frequent revision,
    even though it is backed by scientific evidence
    and reasoning.

25
Visual Metaphor for the Big Bang
26
Genesis Two Accounts of Creation
  • The book of Genesis contains two accounts of the
    creation. The first account comes out of the
    Priestly document of the exilic period.

27
  • The second account is earlier and comes from the
    Yahwist narrative. While the Yahwist creation and
    flood stories deal primarily with the problem of
    sin,
  • the Priestly writer was intensely concerned with
    the gift of divine blessing expressed as the
    structure and ground of all life.

28
Priestly Creation Story (11-24a)
  • The Priestly creation story opens with an earth
    that was "shapeless and void." This world was
    dominated by vast depths of ominous and unruly
    water.

29
  • Into the watery wilderness God injected his voice
    and created life, along with the means to sustain
    it. First came light, then the firmament to
    control the waters, then land and vegetation to
    sustain life. In succession God created birds,
    fish, terrestrial animals, and human beings.

30
Separation of Land and Water Michelangelo
(1475-1564)
31
  • The individual creative acts are spread out over
    six days and culminate with the creation of human
    beings as the image of God.
  • There is an order and a rhythm to the creation,
    as the following table demonstrates

32
Table 1.1 Bilateral Symmetry of Genesis 1
33
Let There Be Light
Orion Nebula Mosaic
34
Yahwist Creation Story (24b-324)
  • In the Yahwist creation story, the LORD God, YHWH
    Elohim in Hebrew, created the shape of a man out
    of clay and breathed life into him.
  • The Yahwist story of creation is the first
    episode of the Yahwist narrative. Its stories of
    Genesis 1-11 establish the basic plot of the
    Primeval Story.

35
  • Important human questions are asked in this
    section
  • Where did we come from?
  • To whom are we accountable?
  • Where did sin come from?
  • Why do we have to die?

36
The Fall Adam and Eve Tempted by the Snake, by
Hugo van der Goes (1440-1482)
37
Adam and Eve, Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)
(1507)
38
Michelangelo Original Sin
(1512)
39
The Triumph of Death Pieter Bruegel the Elder
(1525-1569)
(1562)
40
Michelangelo Expulsion From Eden
(1509-10)
41
WAYNE SCHOENFELD Expulsion From Eden
Contemporary artist
42
Works Cited
  • Bandstra, Barry L. Reading the Old Testament An
    Introduction to the Hebrew Bible. Wadsworth
    Publishing Company, 1999. http//images.google.com
    /imgres?imgurlhttp//www.hope.edu/academic/religi
    on/bandstra/. 22 Sep. 2004.
  • Conflicting Christian Views of the Bibles
    Creation Stories. Religious Tolerance.Org.
    http//www. religioustolerance.org/ev_crest.htm
    . 22 Sep. 2004.
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