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The History of Thanksgiving in America


Accomplishments of the Pilgrims. Laid the foundation for religious freedom ... Abraham Lincoln ' ... Abraham Lincoln's. Thanksgiving Proclamation of 1863 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The History of Thanksgiving in America

The History of Thanksgiving in America
  • A thanks to God for blessing
  • Oldest American Holiday
  • Story about the Pilgrims foreigner, alien or

Who Were the Pilgrims?
  • Christians who felt they must separate from the
    corruption they saw in the Church of England
  • People who left England to find religious liberty
    -- first to Holland, and then to the New World
  • Men, women children Average age 32

Who Were the Pilgrims?
  • 1534 everyone required to join Church of England
  • Two types of Pilgrims
  • Puritans purify or clean
  • Separatists want to leave the church (still
    called Pilgrims).

Trip to Leyden, Holland
  • Moved in 1607
  • Poor in new country
  • Children forgetting English
  • Wanted to start new life in America

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What was their journey like?
  • 102 people left on the Mayflower, on Sept. 6, 1620
  • Many very seasick
  • Mocked by the crew
  • Cross beam broken
  • Blown off course

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What was their journey like?
  • After they had enjoyed fair winds and weather
    for a season, they were encountered many times
    with cross winds, and met with many fierce
    stormsone of the main beams in the mid ships
    was bowed and cracked, which put them in some
    fear that the ship could not be able to perform
    the voyage

Of Plymouth Plantation William Bradford
Their Arrival - Nov. 11, 1620
  • Being thus arrived in a good harbor and brought
    safe to land, they fell upon their knees and
    blessed the God of heaven, who had brought them
    over the vast and furious ocean, and delivered
    them from all the perils and miseries thereof,
    again to set their feet on the firm and stable
    earth, their proper element.

Of Plymouth Plantation William Bradford
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  • They land in Massachusetts, not New York!
  • They sign the Mayflower Compact predecessor of
    the Constitution
  • They find a landing place that is already cleared
    but is uninhabited!

Mayflower Compact
  • To take Christianity to new areas having
    begun, for the glory of God, and advancement of
    the Christian Faith
  • To build a new home in the New World to plant
    the first colony in the northern parts
  • To make a united form of government combine
    ourselves together into a civil body politic
  • To make only the laws that are good for everyone

    make such just and equal laws for the
    general good

That first winter
The Mayflower stays to provide shelter from the
weather and protection from possibly fierce
Indians while the Pilgrims begin the work of
building the future town of Plymouth.
That first winter
Forty-seven die during the General Sickness
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In March, 1621, the Pilgrims meet two unusual
First Samoset
Then Squanto
Who was Squanto?
  • An English-speaking Indian, who has been Captured
    in 1605
  • Freed by Christians
  • Return to American in 1619

Who was Squanto?
  • The only remaining member of the fierce Pawtuxet
    tribe who once lived on the very land where the
    Pilgrims were now living. The rest of the tribe
    had died of disease while Squanto was in England.

Who was Squanto?
  • Someone who could teach them when and where to
    catch fish
  • Someone who could introduce them to local crops,
    such as corn, and teach them how to cultivate
    those crops

Who was Squanto?
  • Someone who was able to serve as translator
    between the Pilgrims and Massasoit, the leader of
    the Wampanoag tribe (the nearest Indians to

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With Squantos help a Peace Treaty is signed
with the Wampanoag
The Pilgrims have a good harvest in 1621
  • With Squantos help and in peaceful co-existence
    with the Indians, the Pilgrims are able to grow
    enough to take them through the next winter.

In October, 1621, Governor Bradford declares a
day of public Thanksgiving to God
  • Massasoit is invited and arrives a day early with
    NINETY other Indians! The Indians go hunting and
    add 5 deer and more than 12 wild turkeys to the

Thanksgiving Day
  • One day becomes three! The Pilgrims and the
    Indians spend time eating and playing --
  • wrestling
  • Shooting contests with guns and bows
  • footraces

  • For three days we entertained and feasted
  • by the goodness of God, we are so far from want
    that we often wish you partakers of our plenty.

From a letter written by Edward Winslow to
relatives in England
Their losses had been great -
  • Almost half of their original group had died in
    the previous year including 14 of the 18 adult
    women who had come on the Mayflower.

And yet they gave thanks to God...
Friendship with Massasoit
By providence landing in an area with peaceful
  • A good harvest

Land that was already cleared for planting when
they arrived.
A safe voyage from England
The survival of almost half the group
Squantos friendship and help
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Accomplishments of the Pilgrims
  • Laid the foundation for religious freedom
  • Made and kept treaties with the Indians
  • Wrote the Mayflower Compact
  • The Compact was later used as a guide for the
    United States Constitution
  • Began the tradition of the Thanksgiving Holiday

George Washington
  • Whereas it is the duty of all nations to
    acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, I do
    appoint Thursday, the 26th day of November
    1789that we may all unite to render unto Him our
    sincere and humble thanks for His kind care and

Thomas Jefferson
  • I appoint a day of public Thanksgiving to
    Almighty Godto ask Him that He would pour out
    His Holy Spirit, and that He would establish
    these United States upon the basis of religion
    and virtue.

Abraham Lincoln
  • We often forget the source from which the
    blessings of fruitful years and healthful skies
    come. They are the gracious gifts of the Most
    High God.
  • I therefore invite my fellow-citizens in
    every part of the United States to observe a day
    of thanksgiving and praise to our beneficent
    Father who dwelleth in the heavens.

Abraham Lincolns Thanksgiving Proclamation of
1863 After listing blessings that the nation was
enjoying despite the fact that it was in the
middle of the Civil War, Lincoln said No human
counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand
worked out these great things. They are the
gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while
dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath
nevertheless remembered mercy I do therefore
invite my fellow citizens in every part of the
United Statesto set apart and observe the last
Thursday of November next, as a day of
Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father
who dwelleth in the Heavens.
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Samuel Eliot Morison
  • Bradfords history is a story of a simple
    people inspired by a deep faithIt is this story,
    told by a great human being, that has made the
    Pilgrims in a sense the spiritual ancestors of
    all Americans, of all pioneers.
  • Harvard University, March 1952

For what can we be thankful?
The horn of plenty called a cornucopia which
means abundance.
The Bible
  • Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift!
  • 2 Corinthians 915

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Gobble Gobble
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Visiting an American Family
  • It may be new for your host
  • Write down your name if they have difficulty
  • It is ok to not eat food served to you
  • American Families tend to be informal
  • Smoking Policies
  • Use the opportunity to exchange culture!
  • Many Americans have pets
  • Americans sometimes tell jokes
  • Americans are open about disagreeing
  • Some families like to hug
  • You are not expected to bring a gift.

Acceptable Practices
  • Ask to see the house
  • Ask your host to repeat what they say
  • Ask about viewpoints of Americans
  • Ask for an extra blanket for your bed

Usually not acceptable
  • Dont ask about ages, how much money they make,
    or why they have no children. Dont ask how much
    their home costs.
  • Dont stare at a person steadily
  • Dont ask for financial or legal help

Thanksgiving foods
  • Turkey (hen, geese, duck, or ham)
  • Stuffing - bread corn
  • Mashed potatoes with Gravy
  • Yams - Sweet Potato
  • Cranberry Sauce
  • Vegetables (asparagus, corn)
  • Pies (Apple, Pumpkin, Mince Meat)

Eating Etiquettes (Manners)
  • Wait for your host to pick up his/her fork before
  • Dont use your fork, knife or spoon to gesture.
  • Butter bread on the plate, never in mid-air.
  • Don't pick your teeth, apply lipstick, eat with
    your mouth open, or comb your hair at the table.
  • When temporarily leaving the table, place your
    napkin on the seat or arm of your chair.
  • Ask the host when desiring the bathroom.
  • Put your cell phone on vibrate answer it only
    if you have to
  • When someone asks for salt or pepper, pass the
    two together.
  • Put the napkin on the plate when you are done.

Christmas Party
  • International students, visiting scholars and
  • your families are invited!
  • Sponsored by International Friendships, Inc.
  • Parkside Christian Church
  • delicious homemade dinner
  • drama and lots of beautiful Christmas music
  • other fun activities
  • time to just sit, talk, and relax after final
  • Reservations required - go to http//www.ifiusa.or
  • For more information, contact Pat Durst,
    513-541-4192 or

Saturday, December 8 Meet at 520 PM, return
around 930 PM
Meet behind Morgens Residence Hall or at 510
Riddle Road to get a ride
  • DEC. 26, 2006 to JAN. 2, 2007
  • Cost 385 (plus additional money for 1 park
    entrance fees and 10 meals)
  • Registration on first-come, first served basis. 
    25 late fee after 12/1
  • To register by December 1, go to
    http// and send
    payment of 385 to
  • InterFACE, 3070 Palomino Trail, Mason, OH 
  • Trip includes
  • morning conference sessions
  • 3 nights of Christian hospitality with a host
  • Sea World is paid for
  • You may also choose to visit the Magic Kingdom
  • (DisneyWorld) and EPCOT Center or
  • Universal Studios is paid for
  • For more information, go to
    or contact
  • Shaun Rudolph, 513-265-1957

Basketball GameIndiana Pacers vs Houston Rockets
  • Friday, Feb 1st, 2008 ,
  • Meet at 330 PM at Morgan Dorm
  • 10 per seat cheapest seats high up
  • Additional small cost for transportation
  • Please register at http//
  • Give or mail check to
  • Shaun Rudolph
  • 3070 Palomino Trail
  • Mason, OH 45040

see Yao Ming