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Arizona Schools Emergency Preparedness Web Cast


Weekly report # of isolates, # positive by type/subtype ... 9-11 Commission Report mentions the State of Arizona 59 times throughout the report. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Arizona Schools Emergency Preparedness Web Cast

Arizona Schools Emergency Preparedness Web Cast
  • Web cast provided by Elluminate Inc.

Overview and Objectives
  • The Planning Process
  • Multi agency collaboration
  • Minimum requirements
  • Pandemic planning
  • Terrorism planning

The Emergency Planning Process
  • Layton Dickerson
  • School Safety Specialist
  • Arizona Department of Education
  • 602-542-8717

Emergency Planning
Planning Steps
  • 1. Identify the planning team
  • 2. Identify the hazards
  • 3. Analyze the hazards to determine
  • 4.  Develop the plan
  • 5.  Develop a resource base
  • 6.  Train and exercise the plan

Who Should Be Involved?
  • County emergency management
  • Public safety agencies (fire, law enforcement,
    EMS etc…)
  • County public health agencies
  • School superintendent
  • School principals and staff
  • School transportation coordinator
  • Required

Minimum Requirements
  • Required Emergency Drills reduced from 5 to 3
  • Incident Command System required (Incident
    Commander, Command Staff, Operations Section)
  • NIMS Compliance
  • ICS 100, ICS 200 and IS 700
  • Required agency collaboration
  • Examples/guidance column added
  • Emergency Response Plan Template

Benefits of Planning
  • Actions taken are worthwhile.
  • Benefits extend to home and community.
  • Response to emergencies is improved.
  • Parents/communities are more confident.
  • Planning prevents injuries and saves lives.
  • Schools are responsible for ensuring safety.
  • State laws require planning.

AZ 2-1-1
  • Laura Douglas
  • Public Information Officer
  • Arizona Division of Emergency Management

What is Arizona 2-1-1?
  • The State of Arizonas official source
  • Health and human services (over 18,000)
  • Current emergency events preparedness
  • Accessible via phone or Internet

Phased Implementation of 2-1-1
  • Phase I
  • Launched June 2005
  • Phase II
  • 3-digit dialing (2-1-1) during
    state-declared disasters
  • Launched June 2006
  • Local 2-1-1 call centers
  • day-to day
  • In planning stages
  • Phase III
  • Enhancements

2-1-1 is a one stop shop for information
  • When an event occurs, many emergency response
    agencies (law enforcement, transportation,
    health, volunteer) have critical information to
  • What has happened?
  • Where is the emergency/disaster?
  • Who is affected?
  • When will the event be over?
  • What should you do to protect your family,
    property and business?
  • How I do help?

How is information posted?
  • Multiple agencies submit information to 2-1-1
  • Press release by phone or fax
  • Information source is validated
  • 2-1-1 Team compiles information into a bulletin
    and posts it on the 2-1-1 Web site
  • When an emergency requires IMMEDIATE action by
    the public, the headline is posted in the center
    of the 2-1-1 homepage in red

Why post information on 2-1-1?
  • 2-1-1 is a single entry point for information
    about emergencies and preparedness
  • Multiple agencies are referring citizens to 2-1-1
  • Prior to a disaster
  • During a disaster
  • Press releases
  • Media interviews
  • Current statewide advertising campaign directing
    citizens to the Web site
  • Additional tool in your communication plan

2-1-1 during non-emergency times
  • Current threat information
  • Flu prevention
  • Monsoon Safety
  • School Violence Prevention Resources for
    Students, Parents and Schools
  • Preparedness information
  • Learn about hazards that threaten your family,
  • How to make a family preparedness plan
  • Pandemic preparedness
  • Public awareness campaigns
  • Fire Prevention Week
  • Arizona Preparedness Month
  • Severe Weather Awareness Week

What can 2-1-1 do for schools?
  • Post unfolding emergency information
  • Additional resource for officials or PIOs to
    disseminate school evacuations notices and
    alternate pickup locations, lockdown status, etc.
  • School safety resources
  • Links for children, parents and educators
  • School safety plans, violence prevention, talking
    to children about fear and violence, crisis
    hotline numbers
  • Games to help children learn about disasters and
    how to prepare a family communications plan

Posting Emergency Information 24/7
To find out how to submit information to, contact the 2-1-1 Emergency
Bulletin System Team Judy Kioski Laura
Douglas Gregory Roybal (602)
Pandemic Influenza Surveillance
  • Jennifer Wyatt, MPH
  • Arizona Department of Health Services
  • October 25, 2006

  • Respiratory infection
  • Transmission contact with respiratory secretions
    from an infected person who is coughing or
  • Incubation period 1 to 4 days from exposure to
    onset of symptoms
  • Infectious Period 1-2 days before symptoms
    through one week after onset
  • Timing Peak usually occurs December through
    March in North America

Signs and Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Body aches
  • Non-productive cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Complications
  • Pneumonia
  • Acute Respiratory Distress

Pandemic Influenza
  • Pandemic
  • Wide or global geographic spread
  • Crosses international boundaries
  • Involves a large number of people
  • What must occur
  • Starts with a novel virus subtype
  • Has increased virulence
  • Efficiently transmits from human to human

Influenza Surveillance
  • Purposes of surveillance
  • Determine where when flu is circulating
  • Determine predominant types/subtypes
  • Assess intensity and impact of activity
  • Detect emergence of novel flu viruses or unusual
  • Detecting and counting all influenza cases is NOT
    an objective of surveillance

Influenza Surveillance
Courtesy CDC
Surveillance Global
  • Detect emergence spread of new antigenic
  • Update formulation of influenza vaccines
  • Provide early warning of next pandemic

Surveillance Global
Influenza -- Isolates obtained, By Country,
Total, week n 50-2003 Source FluNet
Surveillance National
  • Four measures used in U.S. to describe an
    influenza season
  • Influenza-like illness (ILI) sentinel
  • Laboratory data
  • Submissions positive results
  • Pneumonia influenza mortality (PI)
  • Weekly state reports of level of activity

Influenza-Like Illness (ILI) Sentinel Surveillance
  • ILI case definition fever (100F or more) AND
    cough and/or sore throat
  • Physicians, hospitals, clinics, college student
    health (outpatient primary care)
  • Weekly summary data of total ILI visits
  • Purpose Determine impact of influenza-like
    illnesses on outpatient morbidity
  • of patient visits that were for an ILI
  • National data is weighted by state population

Laboratory Surveillance
  • WHO / National Respiratory Enteric Virus
    Surveillance System (NREVSS) collaborating labs
  • Arizona has 3 sites Arizona State Lab, Phoenix
    Childrens Hospital, University Medical Center
  • Weekly report
  • of isolates, positive by type/subtype
  • Purpose Determine when, where, and which
    influenza viruses are circulating

Surveillance Arizona
  • ILI sentinel surveillance
  • Laboratory data
  • Lab-reportable starting 2004-2005 season
  • State lab subtyping data
  • Pediatric influenza-associated mortality
  • Local health surveillance
  • Hospital emergency room admissions, school

Arizona Sentinel Sites
  • 69 sites as of Oct 19, 2006

The Big Picture
  • Influenza surveillance…
  • …is done on a global, national, state, and
  • local basis
  • …is useful on local level for assessing impact,
    activity, and appropriate responses
  • …is necessary for helping us detect and prepare
    for unusual events

Influenza Pandemic Planning
  • Joseph Urrea
  • Planning Coordinator
  • Bureau of Emergency Preparedness and Response
  • Arizona Department of Health Services

Influenza 101
  • Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
  • Seasonal Influenza
  • Pandemic Influenza

Avian Influenza
  • An infection caused by influenza viruses that
    occur naturally in birds
  • Wild birds can carry the viruses, but usually do
    not get sick from them
  • Some domesticated birds, can become infected,
    often fatally
  • One strain of avian influenza, the H5N1 virus, is
    endemic in much of Asia and has recently spread
    into Europe
  • Strains of avian H5N1 influenza may infect
    various types of animals, including wild birds,
    pigs, and tigers.

Seasonal Influenza
  • Seasonal influenza occurs annually and causes
    mild to severe illness, but can lead to death
  • A flu vaccination each fall can prevent illness
  • Every year in the U.S., on average
  • over 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu
  • 36,000 people die
  • Older people, young children, and people with
    certain health conditions are at high risk for
    serious flu complications

Pandemic Influenza
  • Pandemic global disease outbreak
  • Wide or global geographic spread
  • Crosses international boundaries
  • Involves a large number of people
  • Pandemic Influenza occurs when
  • a new influenza virus emerges for which there is
    little or no immunity in the human population
  • causes serious illness
  • spreads easily person-to-person worldwide

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What are we doing to get ready for the next
Plan Elements
  • Surveillance and Epidemiology
  • Laboratory Diagnostics
  • Health Care Coordination and Surge Capacity
  • Infection Control
  • Clinical Guidelines
  • Vaccine and Antiviral Distribution and Use
  • Community and Travel-Related Disease Control
  • Public Health Communications
  • Guidance for County and Tribal Health Departments

Plan Elements
  • Surveillance and Epidemiology
  • Laboratory Diagnostics
  • Health Care Coordination and Surge Capacity
  • Infection Control
  • Clinical Guidelines
  • Vaccine and Antiviral Distribution and Use
  • Community and Travel-Related Disease Control
  • Public Health Communications
  • Guidance for County and Tribal Health Departments

Infection Control Education
  • Signs/Symptoms of Influenza
  • Fever/Chills
  • Body Aches
  • Non-productive cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Hygiene Etiquette
  • Annual Flu Vaccine

Public Health Communications
  • Establish Information Hotlines/Websites
  • Provide Information on Resources
  • Medical
  • Behavioral Health (EAP)
  • Social Services
  • Address Rumors

Influenza Pandemic Plans
  • WHO Pandemic Influenza Plan
  • HHS National Influenza Plan
  • New revision with new state guidelines was
    released in November 2005
  • Arizona Influenza Pandemic Response Plan
  • Regularly updated
  • Latest revision January 2006

Community Coordination
  • Collaborate with
  • Local Health Department
  • Local Emergency Responders
  • Local Emergency Response Coordinators
  • Share/Review Best Practices
  • Other Schools
  • Other School Districts
  • Education Associations
  • Civic Groups

Personal Preparedness
  • Maintain a supply of items in the classroom that
    you can use
  • Teach students good hygiene etiquette

School District (K-12) Checklist
Threats to Educational Facilities
Detective CJ Wren Phoenix Police Department
Arizona Counter Terrorism Information Center
Questions to Ponder
  • Do school administrators have to be concerned
    with Terrorism Plots directed at schools?
  • What potentially could happen if a terrorist/
    terrorist group attacked a school here in the
    United States?
  • Attendance
  • Economy

We at the ACTIC are concerned about Arizona
What is the ACTIC?
  • First of its kind Fusion Center in the Country
    to merge the assets and resources of 25 State,
    County and Local Public Safety Agencies with 24
    Federal Agencies to include the FBI and the Joint
    Terrorism Task Force.
  • Something that EVERY Arizonian can be proud of!

Why does it work here?

Has it always been like this?
  • No.
  • The FBI took a lot of heat for 9-11, however,
    State and local agencies didnt share information
    really any better than the Feds did.
  • 9-11 Commission Report mentions the State of
    Arizona 59 times throughout the report.
  • Not something to be proud of AZ for.

Changing Times Dropping Egos
  • Governors 2004 AZ Homeland Security Strategy
  • 17 Point Plan
  • AcTIC
  • Opened October 2004
  • Partnership building with all Sectors
  • Including Schools

Central Point
AZ HS Director
Private Stakeholders
Law Enforcement
Public Stakeholders
What can the AcTIC do for my school?
  • Communicate potential threats before they become
    an issue.
  • Act as a focal point for all Intelligence that
    comes into the State of Arizona.
  • Assist local agencies in helping schools to
    better prepare for emergencies.
  • The AcTIC is a RESOURCE for the State of Arizona
    and its citizens.

Changing Threat Stream
  • Threat to Grades Pre-K to 5
  • Child Predators
  • Domestic Issues
  • Terrorism
  • Threats to Grades 6-8
  • Child Predators
  • Domestic Issues
  • Gang Violence
  • Social/Personal Issues
  • Violent Political Activism
  • Terrorism
  • Threats to Grades 9-12
  • Gang Violence
  • Social/Personal Issues
  • Violent Political Activism
  • Terrorism

Child Predators
  • Target Grades
  • Pre-K to 8th Grade
  • Threat on and off campus
  • Children most vulnerable when transiting to and
    from school
  • Most on campus child predator threats end in
  • Child Selection
  • Random selection done by target of opportunity
  • Specific selection is often done with prior
    planning sometimes by people who the child is
    familiar with
  • Some things to watch out for
  • Suspicious photography of the campus
  • Intruders on the campus
  • Suspicious individuals observing children
    traveling to and from school

Domestic Violence/Issues
  • Target Grades
  • Pre-K to 8th Grade (Targeting of Students)
  • All Grades (Targeting of Faculty/Administration)
  • Threat to faculty and students
  • Students often abducted
  • Faculty Confronted
  • Extremely high potential for violence
  • Historical Incidents
  • May 10, 2000 A gunman kills his estranged wife
    while she works at a pre-school adjacent to an
    elementary school.
  • Some things to watch out for
  • Students reporting violent separation/divorce
  • Faculty reporting ongoing separation/divorce
  • Faculty/ students exhibiting signs of domestic

Gang Violence
  • Target Grades
  • 6TH-12TH
  • Threat to Students and Faculty
  • Incidents involving Students
  • Rival gangs
  • For reporting activity on campus
  • Random acts of violence (initiation)
  • Incident involving Faculty
  • Retribution
  • Random acts of violence (initiation)
  • Some things to look out for
  • Gang colors/apparel
  • Gang tattoos
  • Threats (Often appear idle but can be very real)

Social/Personal Issues
  • Target Grades
  • 6th-12th
  • Threats FROM Student and Faculty
  • Students
  • Social Outcasts
  • Copy cat incidents
  • Faculty
  • Personal Failure
  • Retribution
  • Some things to look out for
  • Any potential threats
  • Prior planning
  • Attempts to obtain weapons and/or explosives

Violent Political Activism
  • Target Grades
  • 6th-12th
  • Student and Faculty Activism
  • Students
  • Riots
  • Walk outs
  • Faculty
  • Introduction of volatile political issues not
    within the context of the studies
  • Promotion of civil disobedience
  • Some thing to look out for
  • Discussion of volatile political issues
  • Distribution of leaflets concerning potential
    political activity/activism

  • Target Grades
  • All
  • Threat to Students and Faculty
  • Intent is to murder as many people as possible
  • Do not confuse with active shooter incidents,
    terrorist contemplate their death and welcome
    their death
  • Targeting Schools Administrative Buildings
  • Suicide bombers
  • Hostage Situation/Beslan type attack
  • VBIED (Car Bomb)
  • Targeting Busses
  • Suicide Bombers
  • Some things to watch out for
  • Videotaping of schools/school busses
  • Suspicious inquiries about the schools population
    or bus capacities

Historical Perspective
  • Active shooter attacks
  • Stockton, CA
  • Columbine, CO
  • Red Lake, MN
  • Baily, CO Sept. 27th , 2006
  • Cazenovia, WI Sept. 30th, 2006
  • Paradise, PA Oct. 3rd, 2006
  • Explosive Devices
  • Bath, MI
  • Beslan, Russia

Arizona Incidents
  • April 10, 2000 A teacher shoots themselves in
    the shoulder and attempts to blame it on another
  • May 10, 2000 A gunman kills his estranged wife
    while she works at a pre-school adjacent to an
    elementary school.
  • 2001 Pima County Sheriffs Office arrests over
    500 students for making threats over the course
    of the school year.
  • March 29, 2001 A 14 year old student is
    apprehended by a school resource officer after it
    is found they were carrying an un-loaded 9mm
  • October 24, 2000 A former student was
    apprehended after holding a class room full of
    elementary school kids and a teacher hostage
  • October 29, 2001 An elementary school was placed
    on lock down after an explosive device was
    located in a park adjacent to the school
  • March 11, 2003 Six students were caught
    attempting to plan an attack similar to Columbine
    against a school

Arizona Incidents cont.
  • September 30, 2003 A 16 year old student was
    apprehended after it was believed they were
    planning on conducting a massacre at a local high
  • November 20, 2003 An individual fired shots
    after a student refused to enter the vehicle the
    individual was driving.
  • April 28, 2003 A student was apprehended after
    it was discovered they were planning on conducing
    an attack against school administrators and

What do we do Now?
  • Constantly review, update and improve school
    emergency plans.
  • The time for looking at the Emergency plan for
    your school is not when the Emergency is already
    taking place.
  • Invite your local first responders to practice
    and drill with you.
  • Fire Drills v. Emergency Drills

What else?
  • Contact your local First Responders for
    assistance and advice in building emergency plans
    BUT your first responders will NEVER be as
    knowledgeable about your schools as you are. They
    are there to assist you in the plan.
  • Consider and utilize the School Resource Officer
  • Include AcTIC in Emergency Notification Plans.

During an event…
  • Ensure you and others around you are SAFE!
  • 1st call should always be to your local law
    enforcement. / 9-1-1
  • If able, report incident to AcTIC so we can offer
    assistance to the jurisdiction covering the

How to Contact the AcTIC
  • 602-644-5805
  • 1-877-2-SAVE-AZ
  • (1-877-272-8329)
  • 602-644-8718 (Fax)

How To Get Involved…
  • CJ Wren
  • Detective
  • Community Liaison Program
  • 602-644-5856 (Desk)

Emergency Planning Resources
  • Arizona Department of Education
  • http//
  • Arizona Division of Emergency Management
  • http//
  • FEMA Independent Study
  • http//
  • Department of Homeland Security
  • http//

Pandemic Planning Resources
  • AZ Influenza Education Toolkit
  • http//
  • AZ Influenza Pandemic Response Plan
  • http//
  • National Pandemic Influenza Website
  • http//
  • Preparedness Checklist - Schools
  • http//