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The Middle Ages 4501450

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Music was primarily vocal with instruments used to accompany. Gregorian Chant: ... Troubadours: French noble poet-musicians who promoted secular music ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle Ages 4501450


1
The Middle Ages 450-1450
  • Sacred and Secular Music

2
Characteristics of Medieval Music
  • Sacred music was more prominent than secular
  • Music was primarily vocal with instruments used
    to accompany

3
Gregorian Chant melody set to sacred Latin texts
  • Monophonic texture
  • No accompaniment
  • Free flowing without beat or meter
  • Narrow range of pitches
  • Named after Pope Gregory I, who collected and
    standardized chants in order to unify the early
    Christian Church

4
Medieval Musical Terms
  • Church modes scales that served as the basis of
    western music during the Middle ages and
    Renaissance which were used in sacred as well as
    secular music
  • Drone one or more long, sustained pitches used
    to accompany a melody

5
Medieval Musical Terms (cont.)
  • Troubadours French noble poet-musicians who
    promoted secular music
  • Minstrels and jongleurs wandering, low social
    status musicians who also performed acrobatics
    and juggling
  • Estampie a quick and lively Medieval dance
    based on a single melody line and its variations

6
Medieval Musical Terms (cont.)
  • Organum Early polyphony consisting of Gregorian
    chant and one or more additional melodic lines
  • Ars Nova Musical style of the early part of the
    14th century in which the music includes notated
    rhythm and meter and polyphony and music that was
    not based on Gregorian chant

7
Medieval Musical Terms (cont.)
  • Mass The collection of five sung prayers,
    including the Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and
    the Agnus Dei which serve as the basis for the
    Early Christian worship service

8
Medieval Musicians
  • Pope Gregory I collected and standardized chant
  • Hildegard of Bingen a mystic and visionary nun
    who was active in religious and diplomatic
    affairs and who wrote poetry, music, treatises on
    theology, medicine, science and musical drama

9
Medieval Musicians (Cont.)
  • Guillame de Machaut French priest, poet and
    musician who frequently presented beautifully
    decorated copies of his music to noble patrons.
    He is best known for his Notre Dame Mass which
    was the first polyphonic treatment of the mass
    ordinary.
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