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Book 10 Circe Aeolus and the winds 17 For a full month Aeolus made me welcome and questioned me abou

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Book 10 Circe. Aeolus and the winds ... And I told him all the tale in due order. ... Pyriphlegethon (fire) and Styx (hate) Kokytos (wailing) flow into Acheron (woe) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Book 10 Circe Aeolus and the winds 17 For a full month Aeolus made me welcome and questioned me abou


1
Book 10 CirceAeolus and the winds(17) For a
full month Aeolus made me welcome and questioned
me about each thing, 15 about Ilium, and the
ships of the Argives, and the return of the
Achaeans. And I told him all the tale in due
order. But when I, on my part, asked him that I
might depart and bade him send me on my way, he,
too, denied me nothing, but furthered my sending.
He gave me a bag, made of the hide of an ox nine
years old, which he flayed, 20 and therein he
bound the paths of the blustering winds. (46)
40 Much goodly treasure is he carrying with him
from the land of Troy from out the spoil, while
we, who have accomplished the same journey as he,
are returning, bearing with us empty hands. And
now Aeolus has given him these gifts, granting
them freely of his love. Nay, come, let us
quickly see what is here, 45 what store of gold
and silver is in the bag.
2
Laestrygonians (89) (125) At once she called
from the place of assembly the glorious
Antiphates, 115 her husband, and he devised for
them woeful destruction. Straightway he seized
one of my comrades and made ready his meal, but
the other two sprang up and came in flight to the
ships.(142) 130 And they all tossed the sea
with their oar-blades in fear of death, and
joyfully seaward, away from the beetling cliffs,
my ship sped on but all those other ships were
lost together there.
3
Circe(145) From there we sailed on, grieved at
heart, glad to have escaped death, though we had
lost our dear comrades 135 and we came to the
isle of Aeaea, where dwelt fair-tressed Circe, a
dread goddess of human speech, own sister to
Aeetes of baneful mind and both are sprung from
Helius, who gives light to mortals, and from
Perse, their mother, whom Oceanus begot.
4
Hermes moly (325) When Circe hits you with her
long wand, then draw your sharp sword from beside
your thigh, 295 and rush upon Circe, as though
you would slay her. And she will be seized with
fear, and will bid you lie with her. Do not
refuse the couch of the goddess, so that she may
set free your comrades, and give you hospitality.
But bid her swear a great oath by the blessed
gods, 300 that she will not plot against you
any fresh mischief to hurt you, so that when she
has you stripped she may not render you a
weakling and unmanned.So saying, Argeiphontes
gave me the herb, drawing it from the ground, and
showed me its nature. At the root it was black,
but its flower was like milk. 305 Moly the gods
call it, and it is hard for mortal men to dig
but with the gods all things are possible.
5
(539) You must first complete another journey,
and come to the house of Hades and dread
Persephone, to seek soothsaying of the spirit of
Theban Teiresias, the blind seer, whose mind
abides steadfast. To him even in death Persephone
has granted reason, 495 that he alone should
have understanding but the others flit about as
shadows. (557) The breath of the North Wind
will bear your ship onward. But when in your ship
you have crossed the stream of Oceanus, there is
a level shore and the groves of Persephone
510 tall poplars, and willows that shed their
fruit there beach your ship by the deep eddying
Oceanus, and go yourself to the dank house of
Hades. There into Acheron flow Periphlegethon and
Cocytus, which is a branch of the water of the
Styx 515 and there is a rock, and the meeting
place of the two roaring rivers. Pyriphlegethon
(fire) and Styx (hate) Kokytos (wailing) flow
into Acheron (woe)
6
Book 11 The Dead eschat/ology
kata/basisnekuia Cimmerians (Men of Winter 14)
7
Nekuia(25) Here Perimedes and Eurylochus held
the victims, while I drew my sharp sword from
beside my thigh, 25 and dug a pit of a cubit's
length this way and that, and around it poured a
libation to all the dead, first with milk and
honey, thereafter with sweet wine, and in the
third place with water, and I sprinkled thereon
white barley meal. And I earnestly entreated the
powerless heads of the dead, 30 vowing that
when I came to Ithaca I would sacrifice in my
halls a barren heifer, the best I had, and pile
the altar with goodly gifts, and to Teiresias
alone would sacrifice separately a ram, wholly
black, the goodliest of my flocks.
8
Elpenor (79) Leave me not unwept and unburied as
you go from there, and do not turn away from me,
lest perhaps I bring the wrath of the gods upon
you. No, burn me with my armour, all that is
mine, 75 and heap up a mound
for me on the shore of the grey sea, in memory of
an unhappy man, that men yet to be may learn of
me. Fulfil this my prayer, and fix upon the mound
my oar wherewith I rowed in life when I was among
my comrades.
9
(136) But when you have slain the wooers in your
halls, 120 whether by guile or openly with the
sharp sword, then go forth, taking a shapely oar,
until you come to men who know nothing of the sea
and eat no food mingled with salt, and they know
nothing of ships with purple cheeks or of shapely
oars that are as wings unto ships. And I will
tell you a very clear sign, which will not
escape you. When another wayfarer, on meeting
you, says that you have a winnowing-fan on your
stout shoulder, then fix in the earth your
shapely oar 130 and make goodly offerings to
lord Poseidon a ram, and a bull, and a boar
that mates with sows and depart for your home
and offer sacred hecatombs to the immortal gods
who hold broad heaven, to each one in due order.
10
(233) So she spoke, and I pondered in heart, and
longed 205 to clasp the spirit of my dead
mother. Thrice I sprang towards her, and my heart
bade me clasp her, and thrice she flitted from my
arms like a shadow or a dream, and pain grew ever
sharper at my heart. (247) 215 So I spoke,
and my honored mother straightway answered Ah
me, my child, ill-fated above all men, in no way
does Persephone, the daughter of Zeus, deceive
you, but this is the appointed way with mortals
when one dies. For the sinews no longer hold the
flesh and the bones together, 220 but the
strong might of blazing fire destroys these, as
soon as the life leaves the white bones, and the
spirit, like a dream, flits away, and hovers to
and fro. But make haste to the light with what
speed you may, and bear all these things in mind,
that you may hereafter tell them to your wife.
11
(417) But upon you is grace of words, and within
you is a heart of wisdom, and your tale you have
told with skill, as does a minstrel, even the
grievous woes of all the Argives and of yourself.
370 But come, tell me this, and declare it
truly, whether you saw any of thy godlike
comrades, who went to Ilium together with you,
and there met their fate. The night is before us,
long, wondrous long, and it is not yet the time
for sleep in the hall.Agamemnon(499)
Therefore in your own case never be gentle even
to your wife. Declare not to her all the thoughts
of your heart, but tell her somewhat, and let
somewhat also be hidden. Yet not upon you,
Odysseus, shall death come from your wife, 445
for very prudent and of an understanding heart is
the daughter of Icarius, wise Penelope.
12
Achilles(555) Seek not to speak soothingly to me
of death, glorious Odysseus. I should choose, so
I might live on earth, to serve as the hireling
of another, 490 of some portionless man whose
livelihood was but small, rather than to be lord
over all the dead that have perished. But come,
tell me tidings of my son, that lordly youth,
whether or not he followed to the war to be a
leader.Neoptolemus, Ajax, Minos, Orion, Tityus,
Tantalus, Sisyphus, Heracles
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