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Words can give you power

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The English vocabulary has experienced a historical development from Celtic and ... infant, his sea-nymph mother dipped him into the river Styx to make him immortal. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Words can give you power


1
Words can give you power
  • Warm-up information
  • Text analysis
  • In-class activities
  • Further study

2
  • The richest language
  • Historical development
  • Five categories
  • Power of words

3
  • English is the richest language with the
    largest vocabulary on earth, over 1,000,000
    words.

4
  • The English vocabulary has experienced a
    historical development from Celtic and
    Anglo-Saxon origins, the impact of Latin and
    French, the massive borrowings from other
    countries, and the modern impact of American
    English

5
  • Short words long words
  • Common words- learned words
  • (agree - concur, surrender capitulate)
  • Formal, informal, colloquial
  • (residence-house-digs)
  • General specific
  • (weapon-rifle, pistol fine day- sunny,
    cloudless)
  • Concrete abstract
  • (bed, sun, desk hardship, beauty, freedom)

6
  • The pen is mightier than the sword

7
  • Structure of the text
  • Language points
  • Text-related questions

8
  • para.1 introduction
  • para.2-4 power of words
  • economic, academic, social
  • para.5-6 vocabulary improvement
  • para.7 conclusion

9
  • get (sth.)across to (sb.) (cause sth.to) be
    communicated or understood
  • e.g. Your meaning didnt really get across.
  • He is not very good at getting his ideas
    across.

10
  • Predict v (Tn, Tf, Tw) say in advance that
    (sth.)will happen forecast
  • e.g. The earthquake had been predicted several
    months before.
  • She predicted that the improvement would
    continue.
  • It is possible to predict who will win.

11
  • Once in a while occasionally
  • e.g. Once in a while, we go to a restaurant, but
    usually we eat at home.

12
  • Have an impact on have strong impression or
    effect on sb./sth.
  • e.g. Her speech made a tremendous impact on
    everyone.

13
  • How do you enlarge your vocabulary?
  • Which do you prefer, e-dictionary or the
    oxford-dictionary?

14
  • Activity 1
  • Activity 2
  • Activity 3

15
A game words in succession
  • The teacher offers the first word
  • Four volunteers to the blackboard
  • Each one take turns to write words in
    succession.
  • Each word must contain at least four letters.
  • Time limitation for each volunteer 15seconds.

16
Try to find the mythical origins of the following
words
  • apollonian Dionysian,
  • Delphic, hector, siren, sibyl
  • Midas touch, Pandoras box,
  • Trojan horse, Achilles heel

17
apollonian harmonious, ordered, rational,
calm
  • The god Apollo governed the sun, light, and
    music. Due partly to the work of Nietzsche and
    other German scholars, we now associate Apollo
    with the forces of calm rationality and may call
    anything that has these qualities apollonian.

18
Dionysian Frenzied, orgiastic
  • Dionysus was the Greek forerunner of Bacchus.
    He was the inventor of wine, the first
    intoxicant, which he gave to the human race. For
    that gift and for all the spontaneous behavior
    that it led to, Dionysus became very popular, and
    he appears in a great many myths.

19
Delphic unclear, ambiguous, or confusing
  • Delphi in Greece was the site of a temple to
    Apollo at which there was an oracle, a woman
    through whom Apollo would speak, foretelling the
    future. The Greeks consulted the oracle
    frequently on matters both private and public.
    The prophecies were given in obscure poetry that
    had to be interpreted by priests.

20
hector to bully to harass by bluster or
personal pressure
  • In the Iliad, Hector was the leader of the
    Trojan forces, and the very model of nobility and
    honor. In the war against the Greeks he killed
    several great warriors before being slain by
    Achilles. His name began to take on its current
    meaning only after it was adopted by a crowd of
    bullying young rowdies in late-17th-cent. London.

21
Siren a woman who tempts men with bewitching
sweetness
  • The sirens were a group of partly human female
    creatures in Greek mythology that lured sailors
    onto destructive rocks with their singing. A
    siren today is almost always a woman, though she
    need not sing or cause shipwrecks. Today it also
    refers to a device that makes a long loud sound
    as a signal or warning.

22
Sibyl a female prophet or fortune-teller
  • The sibyls were ancient prophetesses who lived
    in Babylonia, Greece, Italy, and Egypt.

23
Midas touch the talent for making money in every
venture
  • Midas was the legendary king of Phrygia who,
    when granted one wish by the god Dionysus, asked
    for the power to turn everything he touched into
    gold. When he found that even his food and drink
    turned to gold, he begged Dionysus to take back
    his gift. The moral of this tale of greed is
    usually ignored when the term is used today.

24
Pandoras box a source of many troubles
  • The beautiful woman Pandora was created by the
    gods to punish the human race because Prometheus
    had stolen fire from heaven. As a gift, Zeus gave
    Pandora a box, but told her never to open it.
    However, as soon as he was out of sight she took
    off the lid, and out swarmed all the troubles of
    the world, only Hope was left in the box stuck
    under the lid.

25
Trojan horse sb. or sth. that works from within
to defeat or undermine
  • After besieging the walls of Troy for ten
    years, the Greeks built a huge, hollow wooden
    horse, secretly filled it with armed warriors,
    and presented it to the Trojans as a gift for the
    goddess Athena. The Trojans took the horse inside
    the city and that night the armed Greeks swarmed
    out and captured the city.

26
Achilles heel a vulnerable point
  • When the hero Achilles was an infant, his
    sea-nymph mother dipped him into the river Styx
    to make him immortal. But since she held him by
    one heel, this spot did not touch the water and
    so remained mortal and vulnerable. It was this
    heel where Achilles was eventually mortally
    wounded.

27
Try to find the prefixes, suffixes, or roots
common to the following words.
  • visible, visit, television, supervise, visual,
  • international, intercontinental, interline,
    interpersonal, intercollegiate
  • maltreat, malpractice, malnutrition,
    malformation, maladministration,
  • childish, bookish, foolish, womanish, piggish,
    devilish, wolfish
  • fireproof, airproof, waterproof, lightproof,
    rainproof, bombproof, soundproof

28
  • 1.Euphemisms (p.157)
  • 2. Word and its story narcissism

29
euphemism
  • Dismiss lay off
  • The poor the underprivileged
  • Slums sub-standard housing
  • Hairdresser - beautician, hair-stylist
  • Suicidal attack one-way mission
  • Retreat strategic withdrawal

30
narcissus
  • Narcissus was a handsome youth in Greek
    mythology who inspired love in many who saw him.
    One was the nymph Echo, who could only repeat the
    last thing that any one said. When Narcissus
    cruelly rejected her, she wasted away to nothing
    but her voice. Though he played with the
    affections of others, Narcissus became a victim
    of his own attractiveness. When he caught sight
    of his own reflection in a pool, he sat gazing at
    it in fascination, wasting away without food or
    drink, unable to touch or kiss the image he saw.
    When he finally died, the gods turned him into a
    flower, a narcissus, that stands with its head
    bent as though gazing at its own reflection. From
    this myth comes the name of a psychological
    disorder, narcissism, which is the excessive love
    of oneself, as well as a more common type of
    vanity and self-centeredness.

31
This is the end of the program
  • Thank you
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