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Mormonism Introduction and Brief History

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Consider the following statistics (according to LDS published information) ... 1947 LDS reported membership reached 1 million. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mormonism Introduction and Brief History


1
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • Introduction
  • The extremely aggressive evangelistic efforts of
    Mormonism have not been without success and will
    likely lead to encounters with them and those
    they are trying to proselytize. Consider the
    following statistics (according to LDS published
    information)
  • Currently over 12 Million members
  • Growth of between 800 and 1,000 thousand
    worldwide per day
  • Current published growth rate would lead to
    around 250 million adherents within 80 years
  • Over 30 billion in assets
  • Mormon Church annual income of more than 6
    billion would put it in the well up in the
    Fortune500

2
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • Mormons are generally well respected for their
    clean, honest living and strong work ethic
  • Like other denominations, Mormon doctrine is
    constantly changing
  • There exists an enduring doctrinal framework that
    has been and will likely continue to be at the
    core of Mormon beliefs for the foreseeable future
  • These lessons will center on these fundamental
    teachings of Mormonism, what the Bible actually
    teaches regarding Mormon doctrine and how we may
    best persuade believers of this error

3
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • Lesson Topics
  • A Brief History of Mormonism
  • The God of Mormonism
  • Who is Jesus to Mormons?
  • Mormon Scripture
  • Salvation for Mormons

4
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • A Brief History of Mormonism and Related Events
  • 1805 - Joseph Smith Jr. born in 1805 in Sharon,
    Vermont
  • 1820 - At age 14 he claims that while praying in
    the woods near his home, he saw a vision thick
    darkness enclosed him and two personages
    appeared. Jesus and God the Father. He learned
    from that vision that all of the churches are in
    error.
  • 1823 - The angel Moroni allegedly appeared to
    Joseph Smith and told him of a book written on
    plates of gold the Book of Mormon. The angel
    then revealed to him the location of the plates
    Palmyra, New York.
  • 1827- After waiting 4 years he was allowed to
    have the plates. Along with them were the Urim
    and Thummim, which he used to translate the
    reformed Egyptian writing on the plates.

5
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • 1829 Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery
    purportedly received the Aaronic priesthood from
    John the Baptist and then baptized one another in
    the Susquehanna River near Harmony, Pennsylvania.
    About one month later, they are said to have
    received the Melchizedek priesthood from Peter,
    James and John.
  • 1830 - Five-thousand copies of the Book of Mormon
    were printed. On April 6th of that year, Joseph
    and five other men organized the Church of Jesus
    Christ. Joseph declared himself a seer, prophet
    and apostle.
  • 1831 - Smith moved to Kirkland, Ohio and had
    around two-thousand converts within a few months.
    Building of the first Mormon temple was started
    at Kirtland. Joseph claimed a revelation that
    Independence, Missouri was the New Jerusalem. A
    temple site was dedicated.

6
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • 1833 The Joseph Smith Translation (JST) of the
    Bible was completed.
  • 1835 Book of Commandments was revised and
    published as the Doctrine and Covenants. Twelve
    apostles and First Quorum of Seventy chosen.
    Smith purchased four Egyptian mummies and
    several scrolls of papyrus which he claimed to
    translate into the Book of Abraham (part of the
    Pearl of Great Price). The papyri were latter
    lost.
  • Kirtland temple completed.
  • 1837 Martin Harris (one of the three witnesses
    to the Book of Mormon) was excommunicated. One
    thousand conversions reported in England.
  • 1838 - After a scouting trip to Missouri resulted
    in Smith and company being driven out at
    gunpoint, they settled back in Illinois and
    founded a city named Nauvoo. Joseph was elected
    mayor and the city of Mormons quickly grew to
    thirty-thousand. At the time it was the one of
    the largest cities in Illinois. Oliver Cowdery
    and David Whitmer (two of the three witnesses to
    the Book of Mormon) were excommunicated.

7
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • 1840 Mormon converts from England began
    arriving in Illinois.
  • 1841 Doctrine of baptism for the dead is
    introduced.
  • 1843 Smith allegedly receives the revelation
    instructing plural marriage.
  • 1844 - Joseph nominated for president of the
    United States. He and his Brother Hyrum were
    jailed in Carthage, Illinois for allegedly
    destroying an anti-Mormon press called the Nauvoo
    Expositor. The jail was stormed by a mob and
    Joseph and Hyrum were killed. It is generally
    accepted that Joseph was able to shoot and kill
    two of the attackers with a smuggled pistol.
    Brigham Young and Sidney Rigdon struggled for the
    leadership. Young was eventually selected in a
    vote by the membership.
  • 1847 The majority of Mormons left Nauvoo with
    Brigham Young as their leader en route to Salt
    Lake City.

8
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • 1851 The Pearl of Great Price was published.
    Brigham Young appointed as governor of the Utah
    Territory by President Fillmore.
  • 1860 The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of
    Latter Day Saints set up in Amboy, Illinois with
    Joseph Smith III as the President and Prophet.
    LDS Church cited membership of 80,000.
  • 1876 Brigham Young University founded.
  • 1890 LDS President published a manifesto
    instructing Mormons to follow anti-polygamy laws.
  • 1947 LDS reported membership reached 1 million.
  • 1967 The Egyptian papyri that were the basis
    for the Book of Abraham found in the New York
    Metropolitan Museum. Egyptologists translated
    these papyri and determine that they bear no
    resemblance to the information in the Book of
    Abraham.

9
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • 1978 Revelation received allowing black men to
    serve in the priesthood
  • 1982 LDS reported membership reached 5 million
  • 1997 LDS reported membership reached 10 million

10
MormonismIntroduction and Brief History
  • Questions For Which Mormons Claim Inspired
    Answers
  • Where did God come from?
  • How did Satan come to be?
  • How did the American Indians get here?
  • Are there differing levels of reward in Heaven
    based on people's behavior on earth?
  • Is there life elsewhere in the universe?

11
MormonismElohim The Exalted Man
  • Introduction
  • The Mormon view of God is one of the more
    radical departures from the Truth revealed in
    God's word. Most Mormons hold the following
    basic belief's regarding God
  • He is not the only God
  • God has a physical body
  • He was once a man, but has progressed to Godhood
  • He did not create the universe from nothing, but
    rather from eternally existent matter

12
MormonismElohim The Exalted Man
  • Plurality of Gods
  • Position documented
  • If we should take a million worlds like this and
    number their particles, we should find that there
    are more gods than particles of matter in those
    worlds. --Orson Pratt (Apostle), Journal of
    Discourses, Vol.2, p.345
  • The Truth
  • Isaiah 446,8 There is only one God.

13
MormonismElohim The Exalted Man
  • God Has A Physical Body
  • Position documented
  • That there is a God in heaven who is infinite
    and eternal who has a body of flesh and bones as
    tangible as man's, and who is in fact a
    resurrected, glorified, perfected and exalted
    Man... --Bruce McConkie (Apostle), The Mortal
    Messiah, p.21
  • The Father has a body of flesh and bones as
    tangible as mans DC 13022

14
MormonismElohim The Exalted Man
  • God Was Once A Man
  • Position documented
  • It is the first principle of the Gospel to know
    for certainty the character of God, and to know
    that we may converse with him as one man
    converses with another and that He was once a man
    like us yea that God himself, the Father of us
    all, dwelt on an earth, the same as Jesus Christ
    himself did... Joseph Smith, Jr., Teachings of
    the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 345
  • Refuted
  • Hosea 119 Is not a man
  • Malachi 36 Does not change
  • Psalms 902 He has always been God

15
MormonismElohim The Exalted Man
  • God Utilized Pre-existent Matter to Create the
    Earth
  • Position documented
  • God, the supreme Power, cannot conceivably
    originate matter he can only organize matter.
    Neither can he destroy matter he can only
    disorganize it...The doctrine that God made the
    earth or man from nothing becomes, therefore, an
    absurdity. -- John Widstoe (Apostle), A Rational
    Theology, p.12
  • The pure principles of element which can never
    be destroyed they may be organized and
    reorganized, but not destroyed. They had no
    beginning, and can have no end. --Joseph Smith,
    Jr., Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 350

16
MormonismElohim The Exalted Man
  • Refuted
  • Genesis 11
  • Hebrews 113
  • Romans 417
  • Nehemiah 96
  • Romans 1136
  • I Corinthians 86
  • Ephesians 39
  • Colossians 116
  • Revelation 411
  • Isaiah 4424
  • Psalm 336, 9
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