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Mike Hammond

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Mike Hammond – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mike Hammond


1
Mike Hammond ClimateMaster
2
ClimateMaster Facts
  • Founded in 1956
  • Eldest WSHP manufacturer
  • Global Leader in WSHP Production
  • Millions installed world-wide
  • No company makes more
  • Leading U.S. WSHP and GHP market share
  • Focused on WSHP Technology
  • Its all that we do
  • Senior management team has over 200 years of WSHP
    experience
  • Subsidiary of LSB Industries (NYSE LXU)
  • Headquarters in Oklahoma City
  • 1800 employees

3
ClimateMaster Facts
  • Based in Oklahoma City
  • 800 employees tied to heat pump business
  • 425,000 square feet of facilities (75,000 more
    under construction)
  • Extensive Product Range
  • Hundreds of sizes and configurations
  • Award-Winning products
  • Industrys highest efficiencies
  • Focused on Quality
  • ISO 9001-2000 certified
  • AHRI award for zero failures
  • Computer-controlled assembly and testing process
  • Certified sound testing lab
  • Vertically Integrated
  • In-house air coil and coaxial coil production
  • In-house powder-coat and e-coat

4
Geothermal Heat Pump Basic Principles
5
Earthis a VastSolar Collector
17 reflected by clouds.
100
6 reflected by surface.
19 absorbed by water vapor, dust
4 absorbed by clouds.
46 absorbed by ground
Earth
Solar energy maintains a nearly constant
temperature throughout the year just below ground
6
U.S. Underground Temperatures
7
The Earth is a Source of Heat in Winter
Outdoor air design temperature -5F
72F
50F
Geothermal heat pumps transfer underground heat
into buildings to provide heating
8
and an Efficient Place to Reject Heat in Summer
Outdoor air design temperature 95F
74F
50F
Geothermal heat pumps transfer heat from
buildings into the ground to provide cooling
9
using Heat Pump Technology
Geothermal heat pumps circulate water through a
sealed underground piping loop where it is
naturally warmed (or cooled) by the Earth
10
Geothermal Heat Pumps Transfer Heat Efficiently
Purchased 1 kWh of energy from the grid to
operate the system
Yields 4-6 kWh of energy for the building
Free 3-5 kWh of energy absorbed from the earth
400-600 Efficient
11
Geothermal Heat Pumps Exchange Heat between Air
and Water
4
5
1 Worth of Electricity to Operate the Compressor
and Fan Moves 4 Worth of Heat from the
Water Delivering 5 Worth of Heat into the
Air Heating Mode Shown
1
Heat can be pumped uphill meaning delivered at
a higher temperature than the source
12
Geothermal Heat Pumps alsoProduce Hot Water
Operates on the Same Principle as a
Refrigerator Cooling Mode Shown
Hot water is produced whenever the unit is
operating
160F
13
Residential Site Energy Conventional System
Over 70 of the energy consumed by a typical home
is used to meet thermal loads
14
Residential Site Energy Geothermal Heat Pump
System
Total site energy consumption is cut in half
15
Geothermal Heat Pumps are the Most Efficient way
to convert Green Energy into Heating, Cooling
and Water Heating
Making the most effective use of this limited
resource
16
Geothermal System Advantages
  • Whole House Comfort Control
  • Heats or cools on demand regardless of season
  • Better comfort summer and winter
  • Easily adapted to zoning systems
  • Better humidity control summer and winter
  • Self-Contained Compact Units
  • Hidden within attics or installed in closets
  • Upflow, horizontal, or downflow
  • Split systems
  • Generally No Outdoor Units
  • Better aesthetics
  • No noise
  • No vandalism or theft concerns

17
Geothermal System Advantages
  • Long Equipment Life
  • Factory-sealed systems
  • Indoor installation
  • Moderate loading versus air-source systems
  • Highest Efficiency Operation
  • Water is a better heat transfer medium
  • Geothermal heat exchange loops tap the
    renewable energy of the earth
  • No Fossil Fuel
  • Improves safety
  • Eliminates service lines, flues, air intakes
  • Makes Hot Water
  • Anytime the unit is heating or cooling

18
Geothermal Heat Pump Installation Methods
19
Vertical Closed-Loop A pair of pipes with a
special U-bend assembly at the bottom is placed
into bore holes from 100 to 400 feet deep
20
Horizontal Closed-Loop A piping array is
installed in trenches cut 3 to 5 feet deep and
hundreds of feet in length
21
Surface Water Closed-Loop A piping array is
submerged in a pond or lake at least 8 feet deep
22
Ground Water Open-Loop Well water from an
underground aquifer is pumped through the
geothermal heat pump and then returned to the
aquifer or discharged to the surface
23
Vertical Closed-Loop Installation
Drilling
Pipe Loop Insertion
Heat Fusing
Inside Connection
24
Vertical U-bends rough in
25
Vertical U-bend piping to Header Manifold
26
Horizontal 6-pipe
27
Horizontal Loop Field Six-Pipe Design
28
Header Pit Area
29
Reduced Header Manifold6-Ton
30
Example of Manifold Header Pit
31
Quick Connect Test Caps Examples (McElroy Mfg.)
32
Horizontal Chain Trench - Example
33
Chain Trencher Example(Monster Truck version!
Charles Machine Works)
34
Horizontal 6 Pipe Loop
35
Backhoe Horizontal Trenching Example
36
Horizontal Trench (Note Dry Sandy Soil,
requires stepping to reduce cave in dangers)
37
Building Penetration Example(Keep Supply
Return Piping 10 min. away from foundations, run
_at_ 90 deg.)
38
Horizontal Excavation
39
Not a good trench to work in, keep the dirt away
from trench to reduce danger of cave in
40
Large Horizontal Trench Field
41
Pond/Lake Loop
42
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43
Commercial Manifold
44
Butt Fusion Process(2 dia. Pipe or larger)
45
Electro Fusion Welding Unit(Central Plastics)
46
Electro Fusion Coupling(2 dia. Pipe
Fittings)
47
Typical Installation completed
Whitehouse, OH Approx 3200 sq. ft December 2004
Total Utility bill 170.00
48
Geothermal Heat Pumps Are a Scalable Technology
49
Geothermal Heat Pumps
1300 Sq. Ft. Low Energy Habitat for Humanity Homes
50
Habitat for Humanity Low Energy Home Construction
Details
Geothermal Heat Pump / Foam Insulation / Low-E
Glass / CFL Lighting / Energy Star Appliances
51
Habitat for Humanity Site Energy Consumption by
End Use Std and Low Energy Homes
55 to 80 Reduction in Total Energy Use
52
Habitat for Humanity Total Energy Consumption and
Carbon Emissions
16 to 61 Reduction in Carbon Emissions
53
Geothermal Heat Pumps
Black Point Inn - Prouts Neck, ME
Galt House Hotel - Louisville, KY
Statue of Liberty Gift Shop
ASHRAE Headquarters - Atlanta, GA
French Laundry Rest.- Napa, CA
Harvard Library Cambridge, MA
Whistler Village - BC, Canada
Alta Condos, Washington DC
Gaillardia Offices Okla. City
California University of PA
Hirschfeld Towers Denver, CO
Yale Art Bld. New Haven, CT
Commercial Buildings
54
The Oklahoma State Capitol uses over 600
geothermal heat pumps
55
Garrett Office Buildings Edmond, Oklahoma
One is Geothermal and the Other is Conventional
HVAC (VAV)
56
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57
Geothermal Building 20,000 Sq. Ft.
58
VAV Building 15,000 Sq. Ft.
59
Geothermal BuildingFloor 2 Heat Pump Zoning
HP-15
HP-14
HP-13
HP-9,10
HP-12
HP-8
HP-11
60
Typical Heat Pump
61
Loop Field Overview
62
Geothermal BuildingLoop Field Site Plan
63
LoopFieldDetails
64
Geothermal Mechanical Room
65
GeothermalMechanicalRoom
66
Floor 1 Heat Pump Piping
67
Floor 1 Heat Pump Piping
68
Garrett Office Buildings Highway View
69
Geothermal Building Roof View
70
VAV Building Roof View
71
VAV Building Central Air Handler
72
VAV Building Air-Cooled Condensing Unit
73
VAV Building Boiler Room
74
Garrett Office Buildings 2000 Energy Consumption
75
Garrett Office BuildingsInstallation Costs
  • Geothermal System circa 1998
  • Complete exterior loop, mechanical room, interior
    PE piping, flushing and unit startup, heat pumps,
    duct work, exhausts, MUA system, timeclock-based
    controls
  • 128,700 (2,574 per ton)
  • VAV System circa 1987
  • air-cooled condenser, VAV air handler, boiler,
    VAV boxes with reheat coils, economizer,
    electronic controls
  • 100,000 (2000 per ton)
  • costs per building owner do not include
    structural or architectural

76
Garrett Office Buildings Actual Metered Annual
Energy Use 2006-2007
47 Site Energy Savings
77
Garrett Office Buildings Annual CO2 Emissions
2006-2007
28 Carbon Emissions Reduction
78
Garrett Office Buildings Monthly Peak Demand
35 Peak Demand Reduction
79
Geothermal Heat Pump Market Perspective
80
Historical N.A. Geothermal Industry Shipments
  • Single Family Residential - 63 of Total
  • New Homes 75
  • Existing Homes 25
  • Commercial 37 of Total
  • Schools and Universities
  • Public and Government
  • Religious Buildings
  • Multi-family Housing
  • Office Buildings
  • Retail

81
Geographic Geothermal Shipments - 2006
82
Industry-Trained Geothermal Installers
83
Geothermal Heat Pump
USA
GHPs were installed in 1 out of 38 new US homes
in 2008 (2.6 share)
84
Geothermal Heat Pump Government Perspective
85
Buildings Dominate U.S. Energy Use and Carbon
Emissions with Heating, Cooling, and Water
Heating being the Largest Contributors
86
Geothermal Heat Pump Systems
are the most energy-efficient, environmentally
clean, and cost-effective space-conditioning
system
produce the lowest carbon dioxide emissions,
including all source effects, of all available
space-conditioning technologies(EPA)
Geothermal Heat Pumps are one of the Most
Effective Ways to the Reduce Energy Consumption
and Environmental Footprint of our Building Stock
87
Geothermal Heat PumpPolitical Drivers
  • Rising Energy Costs
  • Energy Security Concerns
  • Climate Change Concerns
  • Electric Grid Capacity

This Convergence of Issues has been Dubbed a
Perfect Storm Driving Energy Policy
88
Geothermal Heat PumpLegislative Talking Points
  • 50 State technology
  • Unlike solar, wind, and hot rocks geothermal
  • Uniquely addresses one of the largest components
    of US energy consumption
  • Thermal loads of heating, cooling, hot water in
    buildings
  • Incremental cost is the underground loop
  • This cannot be imported from China
  • Local skilled job creation
  • Why we requested tax incentives
  • Creates consumer awareness and pull demand
  • Improves purchase economics
  • Foundation for investment in industry capacity
    increase
  • Drilling rigs are expensive and trained operators
    scarce
  • Contractors need to see that market will have
    sustained growth to commit resources

89
Geothermal Heat PumpCurrent Residential Tax
Incentives(Enacted in October 2008 and amended
in February 2009)
  • Federal Income Tax Credit
  • 30 of total GHP system cost
  • Maximum credit is not limited
  • Can be used to offset AMT tax
  • Can be used in more than one year
  • Eligibility
  • Home must be located in the U.S.
  • Includes houses, cooperatives, condos, mobile
    homes
  • Does not have to be your main home
  • GHP must meet Energy Star requirements
  • Placed in service between 1/1/2008 and
    12/31/2016

90
Geothermal Heat PumpCurrent Business Tax
Incentives (Enacted in October 2008 and amended
in February 2009)
  • Federal Income Tax Credit or Grant
  • 10 of total GHP system cost
  • Direct 10 grant available for businesses
    unable to utilize tax credits
  • Maximum credit or grant is not limited
  • Can be used to offset AMT tax
  • Can be used in more than one year
  • Accelerated Depreciation
  • 5 year MACR depreciation for entire GHP system
  • Eligible for bonus depreciation in 2009 (50
    writeoff in first year)
  • Eligibility
  • Building located in the U.S.
  • Original use begins with taxpayer
  • Installed between 10/3/2008 and 12/31/2016

91
http//www.dsireusa.org/Index.cfm?RE1EE1
92
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93
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