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The Crucible

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Written about US events in the 1600's as an allegory to the US events of the 1950's. Allegory: The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Crucible


1
The Crucible
  • By Arthur Miller

2
Miller Background
  • Oct. 17, 1915 Feb. 10, 2005
  • Died of heart failure
  • Wrote
  • Death of a Salesman (1949)
  • All My Sons (1947)
  • The Crucible (1953)
  • Many others.

3
Miller Background Cont
  • Shaped by the Depression
  • Father was a manufacturer
  • Worked in a warehouse in high school
  • University of Michigan (began writing plays)
  • Married Marilyn Monroe

4
The Crucible as an ALLEGORY
  • Written about US events in the 1600s as an
    allegory to the US events of the 1950s
  • Allegory The representation of abstract ideas
    or principles by characters, figures, or events
    in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form.
  • In other words When you tell one story to help
    represent what is going on with something else

5
The Crucibles SETTING
  • Late 1600s
  • Salem, Massachusetts
  • Salem witch trials were taking place because of
    fear and accusations
  • Based on actual historical events

6
The Crucibles Relationship to the 1950s
  • Fear of Communism spreading in the United States
  • Red Scare
  • Cold War
  • The biggest threat was Communist Russia

7
The Crucibles Relationship to the 1950s
  • McCarthy Trials
  • McCarthyism termed after Senator Joseph
    McCarthy
  • McCarthy felt that the people they summoned were
    anti-American and that this justified the
    extreme, even extra-legal measures
  • Also conducted internal screening programs on
    federal government employees conducted by the FBI
  • This was an anti-Communist crusade in the early
    1950s
  • Some of those accused
  • Charlie Chaplin
  • Lucille Ball
  • Arthur Miller
  • Walt Disney

8
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Reverend Parris
  • (minister of the church in Salem)
  • Betty Parris
  • (Rev. Parriss daughter has strange illness)

9
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Tituba
  • (Rev. Parriss black slave from Barbados)

10
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • John Proctor
  • (farmer who lives outside of Salem hates
    hypocrisy)
  • Elizabeth Proctor
  • (John Proctors wife fired Abigail Williams)

11
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Abigail Williams
  • (Rev. Parriss niece Proctors former servant)
  • Susanna Walcott
  • (belongs to Abigails group)

12
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Mary Warren
  • (Proctors new servant)
  • Mercy Lewis

13
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Thomas Putnam
  • (wealthy, influential man has a grudge against
    Francis Nurse)
  • Ann Putnam
  • (Thomas Putnams wife
  • has given birth to eight children and only one
    has survived)

14
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Ruth Putnam
  • (the only surviving Putnam child has strange
    illness)
  • Goody Osborn
  • (midwife to Ann Putnam)

15
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Rebecca Nurse
  • (upright, respected woman)
  • Francis Nurse
  • (Rebecca Nurses husband wealthy, influential
    man)

16
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
  • Giles Corey
  • (John Proctors friend concerned about wifes
    behavior)
  • Martha Corey
  • (Giles Coreys wife)

17
CHARACTERS from The Crucible
Reverend Hale (thought to be an expert on
witchcraft sent to help the city of Salem)
Judge Danforth
Ezekiel Cheever
Judge Hathorne
Herrick (the marshal of Salem)
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