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CDM in Renewable Energy : Present Perspective and beyond 2012


Energy security : Net Import: 134.83 Mtoe (Dependency on imported oil ... India has a bicameral parliamentary system - Parliament has supreme law- making powers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CDM in Renewable Energy : Present Perspective and beyond 2012

CDM in Renewable Energy Present Perspective
and beyond 2012 Dr. P.C.Maithani Director Minis
try of New and Renewable Energy
Carbon Bazar 2009 28 April 2009
What Drives Renewable Eenergy Deployment in India
  • Rising energy demand 6-7 year
  • Energy security Net Import 134.83 Mtoe
    (Dependency on imported oil
  • Access to energy Around 45 household are
    still out of basic electricity
  • Climate change Although Indias share is only
    4.5 of global emissions
  • (1.1tCO2/capita much less than world
    average of 4.28 t CO2/capita)
  • CDM contribution is now visible

Source IEA Energy Statistics 2008 own
Indian Power Sector
Total Installed Capacity 1,49,223 MW (March
  • Thermal 93, 725
  • Hydro 36, 878
  • Renewable 14,500
  • Nuclear 4, 120

Renewable 2012 Around 25,000-30,000
Renewable Energy in the legal Context
  • India has a bicameral parliamentary system
    - Parliament has supreme law- making powers
  • The Concurrent list which contains subjects
    under the shared purview of the Union and State
  • Electricity is a concurrent subject (Entry 38
    in concurrent list)
  • The sub-State level, i.e. Municipal
    Corporations, Municipalities or Panchayats.

Renewable Energy - Operational Drive
  • Policy Framework(including Regulatory EA 2003
  • In all major states for power from Wind,
    biomass hydro-solar take off stage
  • Stability in some state
  • SERC to fix / power utilities to buy at
    preferential tariff
  • Solar thermal some progress
  • Businesses
  • Private sector dominated (society concerned
    with power, irrespective of sources)
  • New Paradigms
  • National Solar Mission under NAPCC

Renewable Purchase Obligations (per annum)

Wind Power Tariffs
Investment in Renewables in India
Source SEFI, New Energy Finance 2008
Clean Energy Incubators 2007

Source SEFI, New Energy Finance 2008
Indian CDM Project Status (Feb. 2009)
Technology wise CDM Project Portfolio (February

CDM Wind Sector

Gudrun Benecke, University of Potsdom
CDM Biomass Sector

Gudrun Benecke, University of Potsdom
What CDM has achieved so far
  • Build up the institutional framework for a
    carbon market - Capacity for monitoring,
    reporting and verification
  • Leveraged investment -CDM is one of the factor
    in decision making for investment in
  • Not initial driver for setting up renewable
    energy project except for IPPs, foreign
    investors facing higher entry barriers
  • Interest and awareness among business
    stakeholders icing on cake
  • More significance in some sectors - gained
    more importance as risk mitigator as biomass
    prices hike

CDM - the larger picture
  • 530 MT CER if all projects in the pipeline are
    registered and expected CERs are issued - equal
    to 2.8 of Annex 1 aggregated emission in the
    year 2005 ( UNEP Riso analysis of CDM projects
    upto Sept 2008)
  • The existing scale of CDM market only can
    meet 0.5-0.75 of annual investment needs
    in developing countries ((IEA estimates for
  • The existing CDM is project-based, as the
    baseline setting and additionality test is done
    on a project basis- high transaction cost-
    Programmatic CDM yet to take off
  • Technology transfer in the existing CDM regime
    is more or less passive

CDM beyond 2012
  • Uncertainty- Continues in its present form/
  • EU (Brussels, 28.1.2009/ COM(2009) 39 final
  • In order to ensure that a large part of EU
    emission reductions is done domestically, and to
    enhance environmental integrity, the EU ETS
    limits the use of CDM credits based on
    quantitative and qualitative criteria.
  • CDM should be reformed, crediting only those
    projects that deliver real additional reductions
    and go beyond low cost options
  • for advanced developing countries and highly
    competitive economic sectors, the project based
    CDM should be phased out in favour of moving to a
    sectoral carbon market crediting mechanism
  • Proposals emanating from other Annex B think

CDM beyond 2012
  • Renewables are already seen as an important
    option for sustainable world with carbon-free
    energy economy
  • Carbon trading is likely to remain under any kind
    of post Kyoto regime
  • The new regime could draw from CDMs direct
    link to UNFCCC system and obligations AND improve
    the bottlenecks - unflexible and slow process
  • Technology linked CDM could be an option that
    sets technology transfer/absorption priorities
  • There are more than one viable solutions

Thank You