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Female Terrorism. Social and Psychological Background of the Phenomenon.

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the rate of female involvement in terrorist activity increased greatly ... Symbionese Liberation Army and Weather Underground, the Euskadi Ta Askatasuna ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Female Terrorism. Social and Psychological Background of the Phenomenon.


1
Female Terrorism.Social and Psychological
Background of the Phenomenon.
  • Semyonov Dmitry
  • State University Higher School of Economics
    (Moscow)

2
Introduction
  • the rate of female involvement in terrorist
    activity increased greatly
  • women were engaged in terrorism earlier, but the
    role of them has changed a lot

3
The Phenomenon of Female Terrorism
  • Narodnaya Volya (Peoples Will) and Socialist
    Revolutionary Party
  • Secondary functions the Uruguayan Tupamaros, RAF
    and June Second Movement
  • Front-line activity
  • Latin American and West European organizations
    1970-80s
  • leftist organizations (Red Zora Germany
    1970-1987)
  • key roles Fusako Shigenobu (JRA), Norma Ester
    Arostito (Argentine Monteneros), Margherita Cagol
    and Susana Ronconi (Red Brigades), Ellen Mary
    Margaret McKearney (IRA), Geneveve Forest Tarat
    (ETA)
  • Leila Khaled (PFLP)
  • entirely of women Society for Cutting Up Men
    (SCUM) US
  • organizations created and directed by women
    German Kommando der Roten Armee Fraktion
    (Baader-Meinhoff group), Red Brigades and Prima
    Linea (Italy), Japanese Red Army, American
    Symbionese Liberation Army and Weather
    Underground, the Euskadi Ta Askatasuna\Basque
    Homeland and Liberty, EZLN (Zapatista)

4
Recent Challenges
  • 27 January 2002 suicide bombing by Wafa Idris
    (Al-Aqsa Brigades) was widely reported as the
    world's first woman suicide bomber.
  • Tamil Black Tigers - former Indian Prime Minister
    Rajiv Gandhi, was assassinated in May 1991 by a
    female suicide-bomber
  • Russia (most famous Dubrovka Theater storming
    October 2002)
  • Palestinian female suicide bombers (many cases)

5
The Roots
  • two separate areas mens and womens
  • Muslim sociologist In our society there is no
    relationship of friendship between a man and a
    woman
  • genital mutilation
  • pollution and gang-raping
  • generally speaking, sex discrimination

6
Women in the Muslim Family and Female Motivation
  • social motivation
  • joining terrorists
  • - a woman gets into the society
  • - a woman gains the higher rank in social
    hierarchy
  • economic motivation
  • terrorist organization provide perpetual finance
    support for a suicide bombers family
  • religious motivation
  • women find in the terrorist activity realization
    for their vanity, ground for pride, respect and
    glory
  • personal motivation
  • terrorist activity an outcome for hatred
    towards people
  • mother motivation
  • natural instinct of protecting children

7
Characteristics of Female Terrorists
  • practicality, coolness
  • dedication, inner strength, ruthlessness
  • single-mindedness

8
Conclusion
  • Female terrorism is already an ordinary thing
  • Any kind of researching or examining terrorism
    should imply a full case study of female
    involvement
  • We must be ready to meet new challenges of
    terrorism

What about children, for example?
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