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Title: International Conference on Prospects of Jute


1
International Conference on Prospects of Jute
Kenaf as Natural Fibres DHAKA, BANGLADESH 8 -
9 February 2009
KENAF ITS ESTABLISHMENT AND JOURNEY TOWARDS
ENERGIZING THE WOOD-BASED AND BIOCOMPOSITE
INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA
Jalaluddin Harun, Paridah Md. Tahir, NorAini
Abd. Shukor Khalina Abdan Institute of
Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
(INTROP) Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400 UPM
Serdang Selangor D.E. MALAYSIA Email
jalal_introb_at_yahoo.com parida_at_putra.upm.edu.my
2
Presented by
  • Jalaluddin Harun
  • Director
  • Institute of Tropical Biocomposites
  • (INTROP)
  • Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor D.E.
  • MALAYSIA

3
PURPOSE
  • To present an overview on the establishment of
    Malaysian kenaf industry and its journey towards
    energizing the wood-based and biocomposite
    industry in Malaysia
  • To highlight the Malaysian approaches in
    introducing of kenaf as a potential raw material
    for wood-based and biocomposite indusry
  • To discuss opportunities, challenges directions
    in transforming kenaf as raw material for
    wood-based and biocomposite indusry

4
  • Understanding the Malaysian
  • Wood Based
  • Bio-Composite Industry

5
FOREST RESOURCES
Sustainable forest management
59.5 of total land area
6
Total Forest Tree Cover In Malaysia, 2006
7
Malaysia A Global Player
THE RM32 BILLION WOOD-BASED SECTOR High
Capital Intensive Export Oriented
In 2007
  • Plywod 1st in World Export of Tropical Plywood
  • MDF 3rd in World Export
  • Furniture 7th in Global Furniture Export
  • Sawntimber Top Exporter in Tropical Timber

8
Malaysian Timber Export 2007
By products
Generally upward trend In 2007 - RM22.5 billion
9
  • INTRODUCTION The Malaysian WOOD Sector

One of the oldest manufacturing industries
F A C T S H E E T
1
Encompasses a wide range of activities from
sawmilling panel furniture wood plastic
composites (WPC)
2
Served by more than 3,800 manufacturing mills
including plywood, kiln drying and preservative,
sawntimber, MDF, particleboard, furniture and BCJ
(2007)
3
Market share by commodities was 1.6 (2007),
second after oil palm
4
10
CONTRIBUTION BY THE TIMBER INDUSTRY 2005-2007
3,800 manufacturing plants (2007) plywood, kiln
drying ,,preservative, sawntimber, MDF,
particleboard, furniture and, building,
carpentry and joinery mills
1 USD 3.4 RM (Ringgit Malaysia)
Market Size (2007) Export RM 22.5
Billion Domestic RM 7.5 Billion
Investment (2005) Resource-based RM 3.4
Billion (Wood and wood products, furniture and
fixtures RM 872,170,694)
Employment (2006) 337,700 people (3.5 of
total employment
11
Why the Needs For BioComposites
  • Supply drivers
  • Increasing price of wood resources - Industry
    demand for supplementary
    resources
  • Availability of new sources of fibres
    agriculture biomass, wood residues
  • Concern for the environment - recycling,
    disposal of waste materials
  • Technological advancement
  • Competitiveness
  • RD in developed countries technological
    advancement

12
Why the Needs For BioComposites contd.
  • Demand drivers
  • Concern for the environment - environmentally
    friendly products and less demand on
    forests for wood material
  • Market readiness and acceptance
  • Market outlook and trends
  • Product substitution

Industry
push for innovation and value addition to
resources
Government Policy and Legistlation
13
SOURCES OF RAW MATERIAL FOR WOOD-BASED
INDUSTRY
14
FOREST INDUSTRIES
  • Natural Forest
  • 25 mill m3/yr
  • Forest and wood residues 10 mill. m3

Mill offcuts - Burn or collect sell?
15
Rubberwood 9.3 mill. m3/yr
  • Supply of rubberwood is steadily declining
  • - decline in rubber plantation area
  • Demand for rubberwood is steadily rising
  • - increase in the number and capacity of
  • particleboard and MDF mills
  • - growth of rubberwood furniture industry
  • The rapidly rising price of rubberwood suggests
    demand is overtaking supply.

16
  • OIL PALM BIOMASS
  • 30 mill. ton/year
  • Sources of palm biomass
  • Stem, Empty fruit Bunches (EFB), Fronds

Pruned Oil Palm Fronds
Empty Fruit Bunches
Oil Palm Stem
17
Other Raw Materials for Wood-based Industry
  • Bamboo 10 mill. culms/yr
  • Bagasse 180,000 ton/yr
  • Rice Straws Husk 500,000 t/yr
  • Pineapple Frond ???
  • Mengkuang ???

18
KENAF MALAYSIAS NEW INDUSTRIAL CROP
19
A potential source of raw materials
Kenaf ?
20
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF KENAF
  • INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA

21
How It All Started
  • Introducing Kenaf to the highest authority
  • 1 September 1999
  • Malbex International
  • The MINES, Malaysia
  • Former Prime Minister of Malaysia (Tun Dr.
    Mahathir Mohamed)

22
Formation of National Economic Action Council
(NEAC) on Kenaf Development Steering Committee
99/2000
  • MEMBERS
  • Economic Planning Unit (EPU)
  • Ministry of Finance (MOF)
  • Ministry of International Trade Industries
    (MITI)
  • - MIDA/SMIDEC/MATRADE
  • Ministry of Agriculture Agro-based
    Industries
  • Ministry of Plantation Industries
    Commodities
  • Ministry of Science, Technology Innovation
    (MOSTI)
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Coordinator of Kenaf Technical Committee
    (Upstream)
  • Coordinator of Kenaf Technical
    Committee(Downstream)
  • Coordinator of Kenaf Commercialisation
    Committee

HEADED BY MARDI
HEADED BY UPM
23
National Kenaf Technical Committee Upstream
Downstream
  • Upstream
  • Chairperson MARDI (Dr S. Vijayaratnam En.
    Mohd. Daham)
  • Secretariat MARDI
  • Members Based on RD Projects Relevant
    Expertise
  • Downstream
  • Chairperson INTROP, Universiti Putra Malaysia,
    UPM
  • (Assoc. Prof. Dr. Jalaluddin Harun)
  • Secretariat UPM
  • Members Based on RD Projects Relevant
    Expertise

24
MTEN Commercialization Committee Members
  • Chairperson Y. Bhg. Tan Sri Dato Thong Yaw
    Hong
  • Secretariat NEAC/ MTEN
  • Members Economic Planning Unit (EPU)
  • MIDA/SMIDEC
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Malaysian Timber Council (MTC)
  • Malaysian Timber Industry
    Board (MTIB)
  • Trade and Associations (eg. Pulp
    Paper Timber and Bio-Composite
    Associations)
  • SIRIM
  • Department of Veterinary Services
  • Coordinator of Kenaf Technical
    Committee (Upstream)
  • Coordinator of Kenaf
    Technical Committee (Downstream)

25
RD Grant NEAC Kenaf Technical Committee
  • A Total of RM7 million RD Grant was allocated
    through the NEAC to conduct multidisciplinary RD
    on Kenaf (2000-2004) involving multi agencies.
    RM 12 million (RMK-9, 2006-2010) been allocated
    to further conduct RD and Scaling-up Trials in
    Kenaf Products Development.
  • To evaluate the feasibility of Kenaf cultivation
    through effective agronomic practices in
    Malaysian conditions
  • To develop potential commercial products in
    Biocomposites, Pulp Paper Products utilising
    Kenaf as base raw material.

26
RD Funding (RM-9) and Continuous Publicity




27
Sabah Forest Industry, SFI (Commercial Pulp
Paper)




28
The First of Kenaf Fibreboard RD
Private sectors - Kenaf Oriented Board
(KOB) Matsushita Electric Works MEW, Osaka,
JAPAN (1996 2006)
THE TEAM IN GERMANY
29
13
30
Malaysia is committed through…
  • the change of Malaysian National Tobacco Board
    (MNTB) to Malaysian National Kenaf and Tobacco
    Board (MNKTB) by including kenaf development
    under its purview, and
  • the inclusion of kenaf-based industry as one of
    the strategic industries under the East Coast
    Economic Region (ECER) Development Programme

The Star, 19 August , 2008
31
Sources New Straits Times, 20th August 2008,
page 14
32
GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES THROUGH RD GRANTS
KENAF PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITIES
Since 2000
RM48.8 million (USD 15.25 million)
33
PROJECTS FUNDED BY MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT
  • Given through MNKTB upstream and downstream
    research - in collaboration with
  • Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Industry KFI Industries, Malaysian NewsPrint
    (MNI), Integral Wood, Uniplaster, KEFIMA etc.
  • Given through Malaysian Agriculture Research and
    Development Authority (MARDI) upstream research
  • Given through Malaysian Timber Industry Board
    (MTIB) down stream
  • Given through Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
    upstream and down stream downstream

34
Feasibility Study Of Utilizing Kenaf Fibre As A
Potential Material For Pulp And Paper
Manufacturing - MTIB Levy fund project
RM 3 million RD programme
OBJECTIVE To conduct comprehensive RD on Kenaf
towards developing appropriate technologies for
the production of high quality writing printing
paper products that can be commercialised.
  • The project was approved in June 2006
  • Collaborators FRIM, UPM, MTIB, KPPK, Eko Pulp
    Paper Sdn. Bhd.

35
PILOT-SCALE PULPING, BLEACHING (at CPPRI, INDIA)
PAPERMAKING TRIALS (at UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER,
UNITED KINGDOM)
36
RD IN KENAF DOWNSTREAM PROCESSING AND MARKETING
OF KENAF-BASED PRODUCTS (2007-2010) EPU GRANT
Programme Duration
MINISTRY OF PLANTATION INDUSTRIES COMMODITIES
(KPPK) EPU
Year 1 2007
RD IN DOWNSTREAM PROCESSING AND MARKETING OF
KENAF PRODUCTS
INDUSTRIAL LINKAGES Dong Wha , MAC , Hevea
Board , Ecopulp , Hume , Mieco ,
Evergreen
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES MTIB , LTN , CIDB ,
FRIM , MARA
Year 1-3 (2007-2009)
Programme 3 Conventional Composite
Programme 2 Injection Moulding
Programme 1 FRPC
Programme 5 Pulp Paper
Programme 6 Affective Design
Programme 7 Market Evaluation
Programme 4 Specialty Products and Derivatives
Programme 8 Promotional Activities for Kenaf
Products
RM 5 million RD Programme
Year 4 (2010)
Report and Publication
Year 3-4 (2009-2010)
37
  • 8 programmes
  • 10 projects
  • 10 key researchers
  • 18 graduate students

CHAIRMAN AP DR JALALUDDIN HARUN
COORDINATOR AP DR PARIDAH MD TAHIR
PROGRAMME 1 FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC
COMPOSITES No. of Project 1 RM 1,456,000
PROGRAMME 2 PROCESS ENHANCEMENT OF INJECTION
MOULDING No. of Project 1 RM 773,500
PROGRAMME 3 DEVELOPMENT OF CONVENTIONAL
COMPOSITES No. of Project 2 RM 771, 250
PROGRAMME 4 SPECIALTY PRODUCTS AND
DERIVATIES No. of Project 2 RM 595,000
PROGRAMME 6 AFFECTIVE DESIGN OF BIOCOMPOSITE
PRODUCT No. of Project 1 RM
299,400
PROGRAMME 7 EVALUATIONS OF KENAF BASED
PRODUCTS No. of Project 1 RM 151,650
PROGRAMME 5 DEVELOPMENT OF PULP AND PAPER FROM
KENAF FIBRE No. of Project 2 RM 653,200
PROGRAMME 8 PROMOTIONAL ACTIVITES OF KENAF
PRODUCTS RM 360,000
38
VALUE CHAIN ACTIVITIES Bio-Composites
COMPOSITE MOULDINGS
RAW MATERIAL
PRODUCTS
Automotive parts
Cultivation Kenaf
BIOCOMPOSITE INDUSTRY
Furniture
  • Processing of fibres
  • Hammer mill
  • Drying
  • Cutting
  • Grinding
  • Carding

Building Materials Door Window Frame, Panel,
Skirting, etc.
  • Extrusion profile
  • Injection moulding
  • Thermoforming
  • Press moulding

Others pallets, speaker box, railings, fencing,
decking, photo- frame, etc.
  • Compounding/sheet extrusion
  • Non-woven/ woven

39
SOME RD FINDINGS Upstream research at UPM
40
SOME RD FINDINGS Upstream research at UPM
  • Seed production quality and storage.

Number /weight of pods (g)/number of seed/weight
of seed (g)
Variety
Fig. 4 Mean number of pods, weight of pods,
number of seeds per pod and weight of
seeds of H. cannabinus L. varieties
41
  • Breeding and agronomic studies

Estimated crude bast and core fibre yields (t/ha)
of 16 varieties based on planting density of
350,000 plants/ha
Note DM dry matter
42
V36
V12
V133
V133
V36
Q-Ping
Fig Mean total height and basal stem diameter
among varieties of kenaf over 4 months
  • V133 outperformed, even compared to V36 (std
    production variety)
  • V133 took longer time to initiate flowering (88
    days) energy to be built up and used for
    growth.

43
  • Application of Biotechnology for Genetic
    Improvement
  • Micropropagation

2
1
3
4
Figure 4 Successful Plant regeneration from
callus of leaf explants.
44
ii) Improvement of fibre yield and quality by
over expressing Gibberellic acid (GA) 20 gene
Tissue culture derived wild V-36 Plant-
(untransformed ),9.5 cm -4 internodes (red arrow)
A putative transgenic T0 Plant in V-36 ( GA20
oxidase Intron)11 cm contains- 2 internodes (red
arrow)
Figure 5Putative transgenic -increased the
internode length
45
Floral injection method - Flower buds inoculated
with Agrobacterium ( with GA 20 ox In) In the
net house)
46
4)Pest and disease
1st instar
Nymphs of Dysdersus cingulatus
2nd instar
Figure 6 Some stages of life cycle of Red cotton
stainer (Dysdersus cingulatus), one of the major
pest affecting productivity of Kenaf fruits and
seeds.
47
i) Early infection
ii) Intermediate infection
iv) Critical infection
iii) Advanced infection
Figure 7 Symptoms of nematodes infected plants
caused by Meloidogyne sp
  • Root galls caused by nematode infection
    significantly affect growth (height and diameter)
    of kenaf
  • Non pathogenic nematodes species include
    Pratylenchus, Rotylenchulus, Helicotylenchus,
    Mesocriconema .

48
SOME RD FINDINGS Downstream research at UPM
49
CHEMICAL RETTING - Effects of Alkali
Concentration on the Yield of Fibre
  • CHEMICAL RETTING
  • lighter colour
  • more flexible fibres
  • Shorter fibres

Fibre length, micron
50
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
SEM of biological retted fiber
SEM of chemical retted fiber
51
Flexural modulus of treated and untreated long
and random mat Kenaf-PP composites
HYBRID COMPOSITE
Average percentage weight increase (water
absorption) of kenaf-PP composites against time
following immersion in boiling water
52
Bast fibre and core material of kenaf have very
distinct properties

Kenaf Bast
Kenaf Core
Kenaf Stem
53
SOME RD FINDINGS - DOWNSTREAM
  • KENAF (HIBISCUS CANNABINUS L.) BAST FIBER
    REINFORCED UNSATURATED POLYESTER COMPOSITE

54
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
SEM of kenaf-polyester composite after tensile
test (Chemical retted fiber).
SEM of kenaf-polyester composite notched izod
impact (Chemical retted).
55
Mechanical Properties Flexural Stress
56
Mechanical Properties Flexural Modulus
57
Mechanical Properties Impact Resistant
Fig 5 Work of fracture of kenaf-polyester
composites
58
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
SEM of kenaf-polyester composite notched izod
impact (Chemical retted).
SEM of kenaf-polyester composite after tensile
test (Chemical retted fiber).
SEM of kenaf-polyester composite after notched
izod impact (Biological retted).
59
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
SEM of kenaf-polyester composite after tensile
test (Biological retted).
SEM of kenaf-polyester composite after notched
izod impact (Biological retted).
60
Effects of Electron Beam Irradiation of Kenaf
FRPC Mechanical Properties

 

61
Effects of Electron Beam Irradiation on Kenaf
FRPC - Physical Properties
 
  • es

62
Tensile Modulus PP with Kenaf Fibre
Size/Loadings
  • es

63
(No Transcript)
64
SOME RD FINDINGS - DOWNSTREAM
Production of lactic acid from kenaf core
Fermentable sugar after enzymatic hydrolysis
Particleboard and MDF from kenaf stem and
rubberwood blends
65
SOME RD FINDINGS - DOWNSTREAM
Collection and extraction of Seeds
Bio-health products from kenaf seed oil
66
Collection of Seeds
  • Kenaf Farm at MARDI, Pasir Putih Kelantan.
  • This is the Kenaf farm where Kenaf Leaves and
    roots were collected.
  • Collecting the leaves and also seeds.
  • The leaves were dried in the oven.

67
Freeze Drier were used in extraction process to
get the crystal form of extract
  • The laminar flow used for In vitro study in cell
    culture room

Kenaf Extracts using hot water and 80 ethanol
68
Kenaf seed
Super critical fluid extraction machine
Kenaf oil that extracted from Kenaf seed using SFE
69
Handsheets of Unbleached Bleached Pulp
  • Kraft and Soda Anthraquinone paper from kenaf

70
Cross-Sectional View of Chitosan (2) Treated
Paper
Chitosan on the fibers surface
71
  • TECHNOLOGY- PRODUCT ROADMAP FOR BIOCOMPOSITES

72
WOOD SECTOR
SAWNTIMBER
WOOD-BASED PANEL
BCJ AND MOULDING
FURNITURE
PULP AND PAPER
RESOURCE BASED
73
Managing the Present for the Future
74
SCENARIO ANALYSIS FOR WOOD-BASED INDUSTRY
A workshop among industry captains, relevant
government regulators and academicians has
highlighted the most important business factors
which are  1) Predictable to a high degree
(low risk of uncertainty) such as        
Declining resources future shortage
        Rising consumption         Forest
and mill certification as import conditions
        WTO pending stiff competition, esp.
China 2) Not easily predictable (high risk of
uncertainty) such as         Foreign manpower
in forest/mills         Increasing use of
bio-composites e.g. in furniture and
automotive industry
75
CHOOSE THE RIGHT PRODUCT - TARGET PERFORMANCE
New Products
Current Products
  • PRODUCT DEVELOPEMENT STRATEGY
  •  
  •  
  • ? MDF (E0/E1)
  • ?Laminated Particleboard
  • MDF
  • ?Parquet (Multi-Ply)
  • Paneling
  • Stair case/ballister
  • ?Pulp Paper (Kenaf)
  • BioComposite
  • Kenaf Oriented Board KOB 
  • MARKET PENETRATION WITHDRAWAL OR DIVESTMENT
  • Do Nothing Strategy
  • ?Plywood
  • ?MDF (E2)
  • ?Particle Board
  • ?Veneer
  • ?Cement Board
  • ?Parquet
  • ?Pulp Paper (writing/printing)
  • Filter paper

ANSOFF MATRIX
Current Markets
  • DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGY
  •  
  • ? Scrimber
  • ?Fibre Reinforced Plastic
  • composite (FRPC)
  • Anti-ballistic material

MARKET DEVELOPEMENT STRATEGY   Products as
Above  
New Markets
The Product-Market Matrix for Wood-based Cluster
76
Hierarchy of Uses and Costs
  • Costs
  • Nano tubes
  • Metal alloys
  • Carbon fibers
  • Ceramics
  • Glass fibers
  • Synthetic polymers
  • Inorganics
  • Plastics
  • Biomass
  • Market Sector
  • Space
  • Military
  • Recreation
  • General construction
  • Housing
  • Misc

Courtesy by Kozlowski, 2006
77
FUTURE SCENARIO FOR THE MALAYSIAN WOOD INDUSTRY
SCENARIO
GREEN TIMBER
WOOD MART 2020
Scenario driven by the need for
environmental protection and sustainable industry
development
Scenario driven by the market needs and
competition
78
FUTURE SCENARIO
Deforestation and ecological imbalance
WTO/ AFTA
Stringent environmental regulation
Wood substitutes - High tech Biocomposite material
s
Plantation forest as main source of raw materials
GREEN TIMBER
Climate change
Raw materials constraints
Certification requirements
High investment in RD
Sustainable forest management
Funding and Incentives
Liberalisation and globalisation
Advancement in Biotech
79
FUTURE SCENARIO
Global competition and Chinas dominance
WTO/ AFTA
Malaysia as design powerhouse in furniture
High tech Biocomposite Materials Products
Emphasis on RD and design capability
Greater ICT application
Climate change
WOOD MART 2020
K-economy driven
Certification requirements
Market and consumer oriented RD
Strong government support
Sustainable forest management
Liberalisation and globalisation
Advancement in Biotech
80
KEY FEATURES FOR THE FUTURE
Key Features and Implications from Future
Scenarios
WOOD MART SCENARIO
Preference toward design, quality, value
branding versus cost
CONSUMER TREND

High demand for downstream processed wood
biocomposite products, dictated by market price,
quality and design
DEMAND FOR WOOD PRODUCTS
  • RD and technology development process
  • Wider ICT and e-commerce application
  • improvement, automation, design
  • Development in skill knowledge workers

TECHNOLOGY AND COMPETENCY
81
Competency Map - Wood and Fiber Resources
Introduction government commitment, through
special NEAC committee
Kenaf expected to be in mass production scale -
biocomposite industry
Introduction of Kenaf, a highly productive
fibrous annual crop.
Core Competency
Leading sustainable (tropical) forest management
(SFM) including compliance to ITTO 2000
Position will be sustained and further
strengthened.
World-standard management, research and training
in tropical forest and Hevea plantation
Forest certification expanded and completed
Intensification of world-standard research on SFM

Pioneer in tropical forest certification with own
national system (MCI) SFM
Competency
About 1.4 mill ha under plantation in Peninsular
Malaysia hectarage declining at 2.2 annually
(2000)
Cheap and abundant supply of Hevea wood and fibre
resource
Hectarage expected to be sustained (not ha) and possibly expended
Large reserves of under- and unutilised forest
and agricultural resources currently designated
as residues.
About 50-60 of harvested wood biomass wasted as
forest residues
Volume projected to increase with expansion in
plantation - industrial timber/pulp and
especially Oil Palm
Advantages
Considerable land area (57) under forest cover
with tremendous reserve in merchantable stock
volume.
High resource diversity and abundance of Malesian
flora
Expected slow decline in forested area.
Year-round growth and highest biomass production
High growth rates for timber and fibre
production.
Sustained growth rates.
2002 (Current)
2010 (Future)
82
  • STRATEGIES

83
RD Stages Concept to Market
Concept Development
Pilot Scale Process Engineering
Commercial Scale
Laboratory Experiment
  • Understanding of Raw Material
  • Scaling-up
  • Process Flow Manufacturing
  • Consistent Quality Product
  • Suitable Machinery Technology
  • Financial Economic Analysis
  • Market Intelligence Competitors

84
IIUM
USM
Warwick, UK
CSIRO,Australia
Wroclaw Poland
UiTM
National
UKM
MINT
LGM
FRIM
Oklahoma State Univ.
Wroclaw Univ. Tech Poland
Monash, Aust.
International
Sabutek
Hume Fibreboard SB
MEW, Japan
Plymouth, UK
Universities
Sechuan, CHINA
Research Institutions
Bath, UK
MoU/MoA
Andritz, Austria
UPM with
Sabah For Ind
International
ICMA, ITALY
Polycomposite SB
Southern Plastic Ind.
Johore Corp
NETWORKING
DRB-Hicom
ENSO, Finland
MTEN
MARA
17
Hume Fibreboard Bhd
Industry Local
EPU
Siemplekamp GERMANY
Public Sector
Golden Hope
MAC SB
Mins. of Plant. Indust. Commodity
Andritz Ref. Sys. USA
Carpet International
Ingress Corp
Perodua
Ministry
Kejuruteraan Emas
Ministry of Internal Trade Ind.
LKPP (Pahang)
Proton Bhd
Kulim Bhd
UPEN
MOSTI
Ministry of Natural Resource Environment
Mieco Chipboard
CCSB-Oriental Hldg
FELDA
Sabutek SB
Mins. of Finance
RISDA
85
Future RD Collaboration with International
bodies


Wroclaw University of Technology, POLAND

86
FUTURE DIRECTION
ESTABLISHMENT OF KENAF GLOBAL INITIATIVE (KGI)
Purpose
  • Gathering Interest RD groups from local and
    other countries
  • Gain recognition from National and
    International bodies -
  • Malaysia as a potential future hub for Kenaf
    RD and Kenaf-
  • based industry
  • Play a major role in setting direction for
    potential Kenaf industry
  • Opportunity to lead in developing ISO
    standards for kenaf fibre

87
UPM as a Kenaf Hub?? STRATEGY FOR KGI
  • UPM Level
  • Establish Database and portal of Kenaf RDC
  • Consolidate multi-disciplinary expertise at UPM
    with INTROP as secretariat
  • Develop RDC Road Map for Kenaf at UPM level
  • Establishment of Kenaf fibre standard for
    Industrial application
  • Kenaf series books, templates, handout, fliers
    under scope of lay-man

88
STRATEGY FOR KGI
  • National Level
  • INTROP as RD secretariat for KGI
  • Close interfacing between INTROP and relevant
    ministries (KPPK, MOA, KPT etc) and related
    agencies (LKTN, MTIB etc)

89
STRATEGY
STRATEGY FOR KGI
  • National Level
  • To continue securing top-down RD fund eg from
    EPU, KPPK etc
  • Organize National conference/seminar/colloquium
    on Kenaf on regular basis.
  • To foster closer strategic alliances with
    industries such as biocomposites, pulp paper,
    geotextile, plantation, cooperative,
    small-holders etc
  • INTROP-KGI as national referral centre for Kenaf
    knowledge, information

90
STRATEGY
STRATEGY FOR KGI
  • International level
  • Membership of IJSG assoc. members and country
    membership
  • Linking KGI with other international agencies/
    organization dealing with natural fibre such as
    IJSG, IBFC, Escorena, etc.
  • Establish International portal
  • Organise International symposium/conference on
    regular basis on Kenaf specifically

91
TOGETHER, WE CAN DO IT …..
92
THANK YOU !!
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