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Music of the Middle Ages 500 1450

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Gaude Maria virgo - Perotin? 3 voiced. Based on chant melody ... Instrumentation - 3 men's voices. Music of the Middle Ages. Late Middle Ages ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Music of the Middle Ages 500 1450


1
Lecture 5
  • Music of the Middle Ages 500 - 1450

2
Music of the Middle Ages 500 - 1450
  • SACRED MUSIC
  • GREGORIAN CHANT
  • Monophonic song with Latin text
  • Syllabic
  • Neumatic
  • Melismatic
  • Neumes
  • Modes
  • Scale patterns

3
Music of the Middle Ages 500 - 1450
  • Sacred Music
  • The Mass - The most solemn ritual of the Roman
    Catholic Church
  • Proper - liturgy that changes for each
    celebration
  • Ordinary - liturgy that remains the same for each
    celebration
  • Music - each section of the mass has chants
    associated with them

4
Music of the Middle Ages 500 - 1450
  • Sacred Music
  • The Music of Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)
  • Alleluia, O virga mediatrix
  • Alleluia from the Proper of the Mass
  • Poem in honor of the Virgin Mary
  • Monophonic texture
  • Responsorial form
  • melismatic and neumatic style

5
Music of the Middle Ages Hildegard of Bingen
Alleluia, O virga mediatrix Listening
  • Melody - conjunct
  • Rhythm - nonmetric
  • Harmony - NA
  • Texture - Monophony- Responsorial solo/chorus
  • Form - chorus verse chorus
  • Expression - NA
  • Instrumentation - voices

6
Music of the Middle Ages 500 - 1450
  • Sacred Music - The Rise of Polyphony
  • The Notre Dame School (c. 1175)
  • Organum
  • Earliest genre in polyphonic texture
  • A new voice (melody) added over a preexisting
    Gregorian chant
  • Leonin and Perotin
  • Required development of rhythm and meter
  • Notation

7
Music of the Middle Ages Gothic Era
  • Sacred Music - The Rise of Polyphony
  • The Notre Dame School (c. 1200)
  • Organum
  • Gaude Maria virgo - Perotin?
  • 3 voiced
  • Based on chant melody
  • Upper voices are called Countermelody

8
Music of the Middle Ages Gaude Maria
virgo Listening
  • Melody - conjunct
  • Rhythm - triple meter (long short short pattern)
  • Harmony - modal w/open chords at cadences
  • Texture - Polyphony
  • Form - binary - Shifting from organum to chant
    (AB)
  • Expression - NA
  • Instrumentation - 2 voices instrument?

9
Music of the Middle Ages
  • Sacred Music - The Rise of Polyphony
  • The Medieval Motet (late 13th Century)
  • Multi-voiced organum with new texts added to
    upper voices
  • Polytextual - may be in French as well as Latin
    and often concerning differing subjects!

10
Music of the Middle Ages 500 - 1450
  • Secular Music
  • Minstrelsy (12th and 13th Centuries)
  • Minstrels - class of itinerant musicians and
    entertainers who traveled from town to town
  • Upper class poet/musicians
  • Troubadours - Southern France
  • Trouveres - Northern France
  • Monophonic songs in vernacular
  • Texts usually about idealized love

11
Music of the Middle Ages Late Middle Ages
  • Secular Music - French Ars Nova - 14th Century
  • Chanson - polyphonic songs in vernacular (French)
  • Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300-1377)
  • Puis quen oubli
  • 3 voiced polyphonic texture
  • Fixed forms
  • rondeau, ballade, virelai

12
Music of the Middle Ages Guillaume de Machaut
Puis quen oubli Listening
  • Melody - conjunct
  • Rhythm - triple meter
  • Harmony - minor modality w/open chords at
    cadences
  • Texture - 3 voiced Polyphony
  • Form - fixed form rondeau verse/chorus (refrain)
  • Expression - slow tempo
  • Instrumentation - 3 mens voices

13
Music of the Middle Ages Late Middle Ages
  • Secular Music - Instrumental Music
  • Royal Estampie
  • (14th century)

14
Reading Assignment
  • chapters 14 - 16
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