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Prophet Ibrahim

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Title: Prophet Ibrahim


1
(No Transcript)
2
Prophet Ibrahim
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the
Merciful
  • (May Peace be Upon Him)
  • The father of the Prophets

3
The Possible Lineage of Prophet Ibrahim
4
  • The Birth of a Great Prophet
  • Ibrahim was born in a house of idolaters
  • He was born in the kingdom of Babylon in ancient
    Mesopotamia, which is now Iraq
  • His father, Azar was a well known idol sculptor
  • His people worshipped idols
  • As a young child, Ibrahim used to watch his
    father sculpting idols from stones or wood. When
    his father was done with them, Ibrahim would use
    them as toys, riding on their backs, and kicking
    them at times. Then after a while, he would see
    these same statues in the temple, and people
    prostrating in front of them! Ibrahim asked his
    father "Why do you take these toys to the
    temple?" His father said "They are statues that
    represent our gods. We worship them, we ask
    favors from them, and we offer them presents."
    Ibrahim's mind rejected this idea, and he felt a
    disgust towards the idols.

5
  • In search for the Truth
  • Time went by, and Ibrahim became a young man.
  • He still could not believe that his people were
    worshipping the statues.
  • He laughed whenever he saw them entering the
    temple, lowering their heads, silently offering
    the statues the best of their food, crying and
    asking forgiveness from them.
  • He even started feeling angry towards his people,
    because they could not realize that these are
    only stones that could neither benefit nor harm
    them.
  • He believed they could not be gods, they have no
    power. God is Greater than what his people were
    worshipping. God is the Most Powerful, Most
    Magnificent.

6
  • One night, Ibrahim went up to the mountain,
    leaned against a rock, and looked up to the sky.
    He saw a shining star, and told his people
    "Could this be my Lord?" But when it set he said
    "I don't like those that set." The star has
    disappeared, it could not be God. God is always
    present.
  • Then he saw the moon rising in splendor and told
    them "Could this be my Lord?" But it also set.
  • At daybreak, he saw the sun rising and said
    "Could this be my Lord, this is bigger?" But when
    the sun set he said "O my people I am free from
    all that you join as partners with Allah! I have
    turned my face towards Him Who created the
    heavens and the earth, and never shall I give
    partners to Allah." Our Lord is the Creator of
    the heavens and the earth and everything. He has
    the power to make the stars rise and set. Ibrahim
    then heard Allah calling him "O Ibrahim!"
    Ibrahim said trembling "Here I am O my Lord!"
    "Submit to Me! Be a Muslim!" Ibrahim fell on the
    ground, prostrating and crying, he said "I
    submit to the Lord of the universe!" Ibrahim kept
    prostrating until night came again. He got up and
    went back to his home, in peace, full of
    conviction that Allah has guided him to the
    Truth.

7
  • Ibrahim invites his father to Islam
  • A new life started for Ibrahim
  • His mission now was to call his people to the
    Truth
  • He would start with his father who was the
    closest person to him, and whom he loved so much
  • He said to him in the softest and kindest voice
    "O father! Why do you worship that which doesn't
    hear, doesn't see, and cannot avail you in
    anything? O father, I have got knowledge which
    you have not, so follow me. I will guide you to a
    straight path.
  • His father replied angrily "Do you reject my
    gods, O Ibrahim? If you don't stop I will stone
    you. Get away from me before I punish you."
  • Ibrahim said "Peace be on you! I will ask
    forgiveness of my Lord for you."

8
This incident has been eloquently portrayed in
Surah Maryam "Also mention in the book (the
story of) Ibrahim. He was a most truthful
messenger. Behold, he said to his father, "O my
father! Why do you worship that which does not
hear, see nor can it profit you anything. O
beloved father! Knowledge which has not reached
you has come to me. Therefore follow me. I will
guide you to the straight path. O my father! Do
not worship satan. Indeed satan is a rebel
against Allah the Most Gracious. O beloved
father! I fear that a punishment from the Most
Gracious may afflict you so that you will become
a friend of Satan." He (the father) replied, "Do
you turn away from my gods, O Ibrahim? If you do
not refrain, I will undoubtedly stone you. Leave
me alone for a long while."Ibrahim said, "Peace
be upon you. I will seek forgiveness for you from
my Sustainer. He is most gracious to me. I am
leaving you and those who you invoke besides
Allah. I supplicate to my Sustainer. Perhaps I
will not be wretched by supplicating to Him."
(1941-48) In Surah 'Araaf, Ibrahim's advice to
his father is mentioned thus When Ibrahim
said to his father Aazar, "Do you take idols as
your gods? I regard you and your people in
manifest misguidance." (674)
9
  • Ibrahim confronts his people and rejects their
    idols
  • Ibrahim lost hope to convert his father to the
    right path
  • He started to direct his efforts towards the
    people of the town, but
  • they rejected his call and threatened him.
  • The Quran says "They had hearts but they do not
    understand by them. They possess eyes by which
    they do not see and ears wherewith they do not
    hear. They are like animals, nay more misguided.
    They are negligent." (7179)

10
  • By Allah, he said I shall plot a plan to
    destroy their idols.
  • He knew that a big celebration was coming soon,
    where everybody would leave town for a big feast
    on the riverbank
  • To get out of going to the festival, he told his
    people that he was sick
  • In the Quran it says, Very shortly thereafter the
    people had an auspicious day of celebration. When
    they began departing, some of them invited
    Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) to join them. At first
    he refused, but when they insisted, he gazed up
    at the stars and said "I am not feeling too
    well." (3789)
  • After making sure that nobody was left in town,
    Ibrahim went towards the temple armed with an ax.
  • Statues of all shapes and sizes were sitting
    there adorned with decorations. Plates of food
    were offered to them, but the food was untouched.
    "Well, why don't you eat? The food is getting
    cold." He said to the statues, joking
  • Then with his ax he destroyed all the statues
    except one, the biggest of them. He hung the ax
    around its neck and left.

11
How big was the shock when the people entered
the temple! They gathered inside watching in awe
their gods broken in pieces. They wondered who
might have done this? Then they all remembered
that the young Ibrahim was talking evil of their
idols. They brought him to the temple and asked
him "Are you the one who has done this to our
gods?" Ibrahim said "No, this statue, the
biggest of them has done it. Ask them if they can
speak." "You know well that these idols don't
speak!" They said impatiently. "Then how come you
worship things that can neither speak nor see,
nor even fend for themselves? Have you lost your
minds?" They kept silent for a while, for he got
a point there. Their minds and their senses were
telling them that the Truth is with Ibrahim, but
their pride prevented them to accept it, and
reject the idols they were worshipping for
generations. This they thought would be total
defeat. They started yelling at him and shouting
"Burn him! Burn him! Take revenge for your gods
!"
12
The Miracle Allah saves Ibrahim from the fire.
The decision to burn Ibrahim to death was
affirmed by the and the king of Babylon,
Nimrod. The news spread like a fire in the
kingdom, and people were coming from all places
to watch the execution. A huge pit was dug up and
a large quantity of wood was piled up. Then the
biggest fire people ever witnessed was lit. The
fire flames were so high up in the sky that the
birds could not fly over it for fear of being
burned ! Ibrahim's hands and feet were chained,
and he was put in a catapult to throw him into
the fire. At that time, Angel Jibreel came to him
and said "O Ibrahim! Is there anything you wish
for?" Ibrahim could have asked to be saved from
the fire, to be taken away, but no, he said "I
only wish that Allah be pleased with me." The
catapult was released, and Ibrahim was thrown in
the heart of the fire. But Allah would not allow
His Prophet to be killed, He ordered the fire "O
fire! Be coolness and safety for Ibrahim!" And
the miracle happened. The fire obeyed and burned
only his chains. Ibrahim came out from it as if
he was coming out from a garden, peaceful, his
face illuminated, and not a trace of smoke on his
clothes. People watched in shock and said
"Amazing ! Ibrahim' s God has saved him from the
fire!"
13
Invitation to the KingIn that era the kings of
Iraq used to be known as Namrud. He not only used
to be the king but called himself the Rabb
(Sustainer) and Owner of the people. The subjects
also regarded him as a god. They worshipped him
as they worshipped the other idols. In fact they
accorded him much more respect because he had
intelligence and was on the throne. When Namrud
was apprised of the situation, he became enraged.
He realized that if Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam)
continued propagating, it would make all the
subjects rebel against his godhood and authority.
Together with the demise of the religion of the
forefathers, it could spell an end to his
kingdom. Thus it was essential to terminate the
matter from the very beginning. While pondering
over it, he issued the command for Ibrahim
(Alaihis salaam) to be brought before him.
14
When he was brought to the royal court, Namrud
asked him why he was opposing the religion of the
forefathers and why he did not accept him
(Namrud) as a god. Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam)
replied that he was the worshipper of one
Almighty and he could not ascribe any partners to
him. The entire universe was His creation and He
was the creator and owner of everything. He told
Namrud that he (Namrud) was an ordinary human
being like all the others. How could he then be a
god? How can these deaf and dumb wooden idols be
god? Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) reiterated that he
was on the correct path while the others were
astray. How could he then discard propagating the
truth and accept the man-made religion of the
predecessors? Namrud then asked Ibrahim
(Alaihis salaam) that if there was a god besides
him, he should describe some power of his which
he (Namrud) does not have. Ibrahim (Alaihis
salaam) replied "My Sustainer is the one who
controls life and death." Namrud retorted that he
also had control over life and death. He
immediately ordered an innocent person to be
killed by the royal executioner. Then he freed a
prisoner who was on death row. He turned his
attention to Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) and said
"Did you see how I can also give life and
death? Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) realised that
Namrud either did not understand the reality of
life and death or he was trying to mislead the
masses. Giving life does not mean saving one from
death but it means bringing a non-entity into
existence. Similarly, to kill someone does not
imply the giving of death. Granting death means
removing the soul of a being and having control
of that soul. Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) realised
that it was fruitless to dispute this point as
Namrud would succeed in deceiving the people.
Ibrahim's aim at this point was to explain the
unity and power of Allah. He therefore chose
another manner for explaining. He presented such
a proof which a person observes daily. There was
no need for any logical proofs to drive the point
home. Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) said "Indeed
Allah brings the sun from the east. You bring it
from the west." Namrud was dumbfounded. He had no
reply to this challenge.
15
The reason why he was left speechless was that
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) explained his belief in
the power of the Creator. He is the one that
created the entire universe and its system.
Everything functions according to His will to
such an extent that nothing can move before its
appointed time nor can anything be displaced.
Examine the sun in this whole system and you will
see how much the earth benefits from it. With all
that, Allah has ordained a system of rising and
setting for it. If the sun desires to go out of
this system, it cannot do so because its reins
lie in the control of the Almighty and He does
only what His wisdom desires. Thus Namrud had
only three possible ways of replying. He could
have claimed to have full control over the sun
and its entire system. However he did not proffer
this answer because he himself did not believe
that he controlled the sun. The second reply
could have been that he did not regard the world
to be the creation of anyone and he believed the
sun to be a deity. Had he presented this belief,
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) would have objected by
explaining the fact that the sun undergoes more
changes than the worshippers themselves. How can
a deity undergo so many changes? Can the sun rise
and set before its appointed time? The third
possibility was that he accept Ibrahim's
challenge and bring the sun from the west.
However, because he had no possible answer to
this challenge, he was left speechless. Allah has
briefly mentioned this incident in Surah Baqarah.
(2258) Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) firstly
invited his father to Islam, gave him the true
message and showed him the straight path.
Thereafter he propagated the message to the
masses. He clarified the truth to them in a clear
and decisive manner. Finally he had a debate with
Namrud in which he gave a detailed exposition of
the unity and power of Allah. The greatest of
kings do not have the right to claim godhood. In
spite of Namrud, Aazar and the majority realising
the truth of Ibrahim's message and in fact openly
admitting it after the incident of the idols,
none accepted the straight path. On the contrary,
due to their remorse and disgrace, they became
agitated and unanimously decided to punish
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) by hurling him into
the fire. The punishment for blasphemy and
disgracing their idols could not be anything less
than the fire. Retribution could only be taken
for the deities in this manner.
16
Ibrahim's Uneasiness for the Guidance of his
people Ibrahim's agitation for guiding his
nation can be well estimated from the foregoing
lines. Which proofs did he omit in trying to
present the truth? Firstly he explained the
matter to his father, Aazar. Then he presented
the truth before the majority. Finally he debated
Namrud, thereby fulfilling the manifestation of
the truth in the best possible manner. He urged
them every minute that none was worthy of worship
besides the One Creator. The result of
idol-worship and star-worship was nothing but
destruction and disgrace. Thus it was essential
to refrain from polytheism and revert to the
straight path. The foundation of this path was
unity of the Almighty. The wretched nation did
not accept the message of guidance. Besides Sarah
(Alaihas salaam) and Lut (Alaihis salaam), no one
else embraced the faith. The entire nation agreed
to burn him in the fire. When Allah saved him
from the fire and disgraced his nation, he
decided to migrate to another place to continue
his mission of propagating the truth. He said "I
am going to my Sustainer. Soon he will guide me."
(3799)
17
Migration Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) left his
father and his nation and went to the village
Kaldaniyeen, on the western bank of the Euphrates
river. He lived here for a while. Hadrat Lut and
Sarah were his companions. After some time he
left for Harraan where he continued his
propagation. During this entire period he
continued seeking forgiveness for his father and
supplicating for his guidance. He did this due to
his extreme soft-heartedness and forbearance.
Eventually Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam) was informed
by revelation that his father was not going to
embrace the faith. He was from among those who
destroyed their virtuous capability. "Allah has
sealed their hearts and their ears while their
eyes are covered." (27) When Ibrahim (Alayhis
salaam) realised this, he immediately distanced
himself from his father. This incident has been
mentioned in the following verses of Surah
Taubah "Ibrahim's seeking forgiveness for his
father was only due to a promise which he made
with him. Then, when he realised that he was an
enemy of Allah, he distanced himself from him.
Indeed he is most soft-hearted and tolerant".
(9114)
18
Migration to Palestine In this way he continued
propagating until he reached Palestine. Sarah,
Lut and Lut's wife accompanied him on this
journey. Lut brought faith in him and said "I am
migrating to my Sustainer. Indeed He is powerful
and wise." (2926) They crossed Babylon, went
through Syria and Palestine calling people to
Allah, helping the poor and doing good deeds. By
that time Ibrahim married Sarah. Their hope was
to have children who would spread the Message of
Allah after their death. As for Lut, he emigrated
to the land of Sodom and settled there. Time
went by and no children were born to Sarah. She
realized she was sterile. She accepted her fate
and submitted to the will of Allah.
19
When Uthman (Radiallahu anhu) migrated to
Abysinnia with Ruqayyah (Radiallahu anha), Nabi
(Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said "Indeed
Uthman is the first person after Lut (Alayhis
salaam) to migrate with his family. Ibrahim
(Alayhis salaam) settled in the western part of
Palestine. This area was under the rule of the
Kanaanites during that era. Shortly thereafter he
left for Shakeem (Nablus). He continued to move
westwards until he reached Egypt.
20
Migration to Egypt Ibrahim and Sarah moved to
Egypt where the king gave Sarah a woman to be her
servant. The woman's name was Hajar. Sarah was
seeing Ibrahim' s hair getting white, and it
grieved her to see his chance of having any child
slipping away. She offered Hajara her servant as
a wife to her husband, and prayed Allah to bless
Hajara and Ibrahim with a child. And so came
Ismail, a baby boy born to Hajara. How unselfish
Sarah was! For her, the need to have an offspring
who would carry the Message after Ibrahim was
greater than her pride. Fourteen years later
Allah rewarded Sarah with a son, Ishaq in spite
of her old age.
21
Hadith of Ibrahim and the 3 lies Abu Hurairah
narrated that Ibrahim (pbuh) did not tell a lie
except on three occasions, twice for the sake of
Allah (Exalted and Almighty) when he said "I am
sick," (when his people were holding a festival
in honor of their gods, Ibrahim excused himself
by saying he was sick. (3789 Quran) and when he
said "(I have not done this but) the big idol
has done it." The (third was) that while Ibrahim
and Sarah (his wife) were going (on a journey),
they passed by (the territory of) a tyrant.
Someone said to the tyrant "This man (Ibrahim is
accompanied by a very charming lady." SO, he sent
for Ibrahim and asked him about Sarah saying "Who
is this lady?" Ibrahim said "She is my sister."
Ibrahim went to Sarah said "O Sarah! There are no
believers on the surface of the earth except you
and me. This man asked me about you and I have
told him that you are my sister do not contradict
my statement." the tyrant then called Sarah, and
when she went to him, he tried to take a hold of
her with his hand, but his hand got stiff and he
was confounded. He asked Sarah "Pray to Allah
for me and I shall not harm you." So Sarah asked
Allah to cure him and he got cured. He tried to
take hold of her for the second time, but his
hand got as stiff as or stiffer than before and
he was more comfounded. He again requested Sarah
"Pray to Allah for me, and I will not harm you."
Sarah asked Allah to again, and he became all
right. He then called one of his guards who had
brought her and said "You have not brought me a
human being but have brought me a devil." The
tyrant then gave Hajar as a maid servant to
Sarah. Ibrahim, gesturing with his hand, asked
"What has happened?" She replied "Allah has
spoiled the evil plot of the infidel or immoral
person and gave me Hajar for service." Abu
Hurairah then addressed his listeners saying
"That Hajar was your mother, O Bani Ma is Sama
(Arab, the descendants of Isma'il, Hajar's
son)."
22
Young Ismail and his mother alone in the desert
of Makkah Soon after Ismails birth Allah
ordered the Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him)
to take his wife Hajira and the Prophet Isma'il
(peace be upon him) to the valley of Bakka
(Mecca).  Ibrahim woke up one day and asked
Hajara to prepare herself and baby Ismail for a
long travel. Ibrahim and Hajara kept walking,
crossed a fertile land followed by barren
mountains till they arrived at the Arabian
desert. They arrived at the spot after a long
time.  It was hilly area without any trees and
water.  Ibrahim brought Hajara to a high hill
called al-Marwa. He made her and her baby sit
under a tree, placed a bag of dates and some
water near her, and set out homeward. Hajara ran
after him and said "Are you going to leave us in
this desert where there is no one to keep us
company?" She repeated this many times but he
would not look back at her. She asked "Has Allah
ordered you to do so?" He said yes. "Then He will
not neglect us." She said. Ibrahim walked away
until he got out of their sight, he raised his
hands and prayed Allah "O our Lord! I have made
some of my offspring dwell in a valley with no
cultivation, by Your Sacred House, in order that
they may offer prayers. So fill some hearts among
men with love towards them, and provide them with
fruits, so that they may give thanks
23
Zamzam Hajar went on nursing Ismail and
drinking from the water until it was all used up.
She became very thirsty and the child was crying.
She left him on the al-Marwa hill and hurried to
the nearest hill, as-Safa. She stood there and
started looking at the valley keenly so that she
might see somebody, but she could not see
anybody. She descended from as-Safa, crossed the
valley running and reached al-Marwa hill. She
stood and started looking but could see nobody.
She kept running between as-Safa and al-Marwa
seven times. When she reached al-Marwa for the
last time, she was exhausted, she sat next to the
baby. Then she heard a voice. She stood up and
said "O whoever you might be! Have you got
something to help me?' She saw an angel, Angel
Jibreel, digging the earth until water flowed !
She built a little basin around it. She scooped
water with her hands, drank, filled her
water-skin, and nursed her baby. The place from
which water flowed was Zamzam. The angel said to
her "Don't be afraid of being neglected, for
this is the House of Allah which will be built by
this boy and his father, and Allah never neglects
His people." The House (Kaba) at that time was on
a high place resembling a hillock, and when
torrents came, they flowed to its right and left.
24
Muslims till this day drink from the holy water
of Zamzam. The prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said
"This is the source of the tradition of the Sa'y
(rituals of the hajj, pilgrimage) the going of
people between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwa). The
Prophet (pbuh) added "May Allah bestow mercy on
Isma'il's mother! Had she let the zam-zam flow
without trying to control it, or had she not
scooped from that water to fill her water skin,
Zam zam would have been a stream flowing on the
surface of the earth."
25
Arab Tribes Settle Some Arabs of Jurhum
traveling through Makkah saw birds flying around
the valley of Makkah. "They must be flying around
water." They said. They sent one or two
messengers who discovered the source of water and
returned to inform them of the water. When they
arrived at the water, they found Hajara and asked
her "Would you allow us to stay with you, and
use the water from your well?" She replied "Yes,
but you will have no right to possess the water."
They agreed to that. She was pleased by their
company. The people sent for their families,
settled there and became permanent residents. The
whole valley became alive. Ismail grew up,
learned Arabic, and later married a woman from
amongst the Arabs.
26
The Dream Meanwhile, Ibrahim who had not seen
his son since he was a baby, came back to Makkah
to visit him. Upon arriving, he heard that Hajar
had died, but Ismail was still living there.
Ibrahim was yearning to see his son whom he loved
and missed a lot. He saw Ismail under a tree near
Zamzam, sharpening his arrows. When he saw his
father, Ismail rose up, hugged him and greeted
him. It was the happiest moment for both father
and son. But Allah wanted to put them to test,
and it was a tough test indeed. During one night,
Ibrahim had a dream. He came to Ismail and said
"O my son ! I have seen in a dream that I am
slaughtering you as a sacrifice to Allah, so what
do you think?" They both realized that this was
an order from Allah. Ismail said without
hesitation "Do what you are commanded, you shall
find me very patient insha Allah." They had both
submitted to the will of Allah.
27
They had both submitted to the will of Allah.
Shaytaan (the devil Satan) appeared before
Ibrahim and Ismail to try and deceive them.
Ibrahim and Ismail threw stones at Shaytaan as a
response. This is commemorated during the jumrah,
one of the rites undertaken by Muslims making the
required pilgrimage to Mecca. Ibrahim laid his
son prostrate, put his forehead on the ground and
directed a sharp knife towards his neck. At this
very moment, Allah called him "O Ibrahim! You
have fulfilled the dream! Thus do We reward the
good doers !" A big sheep was sent down from
heaven to be slaughtered instead of Ismail, which
Ibrahim did, and they both had a big celebration
that day. This event is celebrated every year by
all Muslims. It is Eid al-Adha where we slaughter
the sacrificial sheep.
28
The Story of the Doorstep According to an
authentic Hadith, related by Al-Bukhari, Ibrahim
visited his son, when Ismail was out on his
business. He spoke to his daughter-in-law who did
not know his relationship to her husband. He
asked how they were and she started complaining,
saying that they were going through hard times
and went on complaining. Ibrahim then told her to
give his greetings to her husband when he
returned home and tell him to change his
doorstep. Ismail understood his father's
recommendation and divorced his wife. Later
Ibrahim paid a second visit to Ismail and met his
new wife when Ismail was away. When he asked her
how they were, she praised God for His blessings
and said that they were having plenty. Ibrahim
asked her what they ate and drank, and she
answered that they had meat to eat and water to
drink. He prayed God to bless what they had and
told her to greet her husband on his behalf and
to tell him to retain his doorstep.
29
Place Of Worship Ibrahim and Ismail kept on
calling people to worship Allah. At that time
there was no place built for the worship of
Allah. Ibrahim wished there could be such a place
where people would be in peace, and concentrate
solely for the worship of Allah. His wish was
answered when Allah ordered him to build the
Sacred House, the Ka'bah. Ibrahim said to Ismail
"O Ismail, Allah has given me an order, will you
help me execute it?" "Yes I will." Ismail said.
"Allah has ordered me to build a house here." He
said, pointing to a hillock higher than the land
surrounding it. They went towards the place and
started building the foundations of the Ka'bah.
 
30
The Building of the Ka'bah "Then they raised
the foundations of the House (the Kabah).
Isma'il brought the stones while Ibrahim built
and when the walls became high Isma'il brought
this stone and put it for Ibrahim who stood over
it and carried on building. While Isma'il was
handing him the stones, and both of them were
saying "Our Lord! Accept this service from us,
verily, You are the All Hearer, the All Knower."
(2127 Quran) When they finished the building,
Angel Jibreel descended from heaven and showed
Ibrahim the rituals of Hajj. Then Ibrahim stepped
on the stone and called on people "O people obey
your Lord." This large stone which Ibrahim
stepped on is still there to this day near the
Ka'bah. It is called Makam Ibrahim.
31
The Story of the Birds Ibrahim lived on earth
worshipping Allah and calling people to
monotheism, but he was journeying to Allah,
knowing that his days on earth were limited and
that they would be followed by death and finally
resurrection. The knowledge of life after death
filled Ibrahim with peace and love and
certitude. One day he begged Allah to show him
how He brought the dead back to life. Allah
commanded Ibrahim to take four birds, cut them up
and mingle their body parts, divide them into
four portions and place them on top of four
different hills, then call back the birds in
Allah's name. Ibrahim did as he was told.
Immediately the mingled parts of the birds
separated to join their original bodies in
different places and the birds flew back to
Ibrahim. Almighty Allah revealed Remember when
Ibrhaim said "My Lord Show me how You give life
to the dead." Allah said "Do you not believe?"
Ibrahim said "Yes I believe, but to be stronger
in Faith." HE said "Take four birds, the cause
them to incline towards you (then slaughter them,
cut them into pieces) and then put a portion of
them on every hill and call them they will come
to you in haste. And know that Allah is All
Mighty and All Wise."(2260 Quran)
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Glad Tidings of Ishaq Sarah was seeing Ibrahim'
s hair getting white, and it grieved her to see
his chance of having any child slipping away.
Fourteen years after Ismaeals birth, three
angels descended to the earth Gabriel, Israfael,
and Michael. They came in human shapes and
saluted Ibrahim. Ibrahim arose and welcomed them.
He took them inside his tent thinking they were
strangers and guests. He seated them and made
sure that they were comfortable, then excused
himself to go to his people. His wife Sarah
arose when he entered. Ibrahim said to her "We
have three strangers in the house." "Who are
they?" she asked. "I do not know any of them," he
answered. "What food have we got?" He asked. Half
a sheep." she replied, "Half a sheep! Slaughter a
fat calf for them they are strangers and
guests." he ordered while leaving. The servants
roasted and served a calf. Ibrahim invited the
angels to eat and he started eating so as to
encourage them. He continued, but when he glanced
at his guests to assure they were eating, he
noticed that none of them had touched the food.
He said to the them "Are you not going to eat?"
He resumed eating, but when he glanced at them
again he found that they were still not eating.
Their hands did not reach out for the food. He
began to fear them.
33
Ibrahim's fears increased. The angels, however
were reading his inner thoughts and one of them
said "Do not fear." Ibrahim raised his head and
replied "Indeed I am in fear. I have asked you
to eat food but you do not stretch out your hands
to eat. DO you intend me evil?" One of the
angels smiled and said "We do not eat. We are
Allah's angels." One of them then turned towards
his wife and conveyed the glad tidings about
Isaac (Ishaaq). Almighty Allah revealed Verily!
There came Our Messengers to Ibrahim with glad
tidings. They said "Salaam (greetings or
peace)!" he answered "Salaam (greetings or
peace)!" and he hastened to entertain them with a
roasted calf. But, when he saw their hands went
not towards it (the meal), he felt some mistrust
of them, and conceived a fear of them. They said
"Fear not, we have been sent against the people
of Lut." And his wife was standing there and she
laughed (either, because the Messengers did not
eat their food or for being glad for the
destruction of the people of Lut). But We gave
her glad tidings of Isaac, and after him of
Jacob. She said (in astonishment) "Woe unto me!
Shall I bear a child while I am an old woman, and
here is my husband an old man? Verily! This is a
strange thing!" They said "Do you wonder at the
Decree of Allah? The Mercy of Allah and His
Blessings be on you, O the family (of Ibrahim).
Surely, He (Allah) is All praiseworthy,All-Glor
ious."(1169-73).
34
The faith of Ibrahim is called Millat-e-Ibrahim
in the Qur'an. Muslims believe that Ibrahim is a
prophet of God, in accordance with the narrative
of his life in the Qur'an. Ibrahim and his son
Ismail are said to have built the Kabah in
Mecca. (Qur'an 2125). Ibrahim also has an
important role in one of the Pillars of Islam,
the Hajj, which is a pilgrimage to the Holy
Mosque. The principal aspect of the Hajj is
remembering Ibrahim's sacrifice of Ismail
(Ibrahim's firstborn son) and his path to the
altar where Iblees (Satan) attempted to dissuade
him three times. Those places where Satan
appeared are marked with three symbolic stones
where pilgrims throw stones. Moreover a part of
the Hajj is a commemoration of the sacrifice and
efforts of the wife of Ibrahim Hajre, Hagar, to
find water for her son Ismail, when he was near
dead with thirst. She ran between the two hills,
Safa and Marwa, seven times and this ritual,
Saaee (means effort/struggle in Arabic) is
mandatory for all pilgrims to Mecca. During her
quest for water she saw that a spring of fresh
water had erupted near where her son Ismail lay.
That spring became the basis of founding the city
of Mecca, since fresh water was scarce in that
barren land, and many tribes settled around
there. This spring has been running for thousands
of years. Ibrahim settled his wife and son in the
valley of Mecca by God's order, to pioneer a
civilization. It was from this civilization that
the final prophet of Islam, Muhammad, was later
born.
35
Muslims have a specific dua that they recite
daily, (On next slide) asking God to bless both
Ibrahim and Muhammad. Islamic prayer, Salat, that
occurs five times a day, also includes many parts
that ask God for his blessings upon Ibrahim the
most in the prayer. According to Islamic
tradition, Ibrahim is buried in Hebron. In the
Masjid al Haram in Mecca, there is an area known
as the "station of Ibrahim" (Maqam Ibrahim ????),
which bears an impression of his footprints.
36
Duaa in Salah AL-LAHUM-MA SAL-LIALA MUHAMMAD-IN
WA ALA ALI MUHAMMADIN             O Allah,
exalt Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad
Ka-MA SALAITA ALA IBRAHIMA WAALA ALI
IBRAHIMAAs Though did exalt Ibrahim and his
followers. IN-NAKA HAMIDUM MAJEED                
  Thou art the praised, the Glorious.
AL-LAHUM-MA BARIK MUHAMMAD-INO Allah, exalt
Muhammad WA 'ALA ALI MUHAMMADIN           and
his followers KAMABARAKTA 'ALA IBRAHIMA WA 'ALA
Ali ibrahima                    as Thou has
blest Ibrahim and his followers. IN-NAKA
HAMIDUM-MAJEED            Thou art the Praised,
the Glorious.
37
Thus ends the story of Ibrahim, the father of the
prophets. From him descended all the prophets who
came later, including Muhammad, sallallahu alayhe
wa sallam. Ibrahim devoted all his life calling
others to the True religion Islam. Alone he
stood against his people, his father, and even
the mighty king of Babylon, and never flinched.
Yet his method was always to gradually persuade
them by bringing irrefutable proofs, that most
often embarrassed those who refused to accept the
Truth, but as Allah said "Any whom Allah leaves
to stray, there is none to guide!"
38
Suhuf-i-Ibrahim The Suhuf-i-Ibrahim (Scrolls of
Abraham) ??? ??????? are part of the religious
scriptures of Islam, and are now believed to be
lost. In two suras, which are to be dated from
the first Meccan period, there is a reference to
the 'leaves, scrolls' (suhuf) of Abraham and
Moses, by which presumably texts of revelation
are meant (8718-19 5336-37). The contents of
this revelation is not known from the Qur'an.
39
Thank You for viewing my presentation. Inshallah
I made no mistakes and if I did please forgive
me. Please make Duaa for me!
By Adam Ranginwala 14
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