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Restaurant Recycling Presentation


Considering the Compost/Agriculture Connection. Zero Waste Conference 2008 ... be composted with an outdoor, open-windrow process on a farm without public ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Restaurant Recycling Presentation

Considering the Compost/Agriculture Connection
Zero Waste Conference 2008 September 11-13,
2008 The Mauna Lani Bay Hotel Bungalows Kohala
Coast, Hawaii
Sustaining our Islands Environment
Rich Flammer, Composting Consultant
Which came first?
Farming and composting need each other
  • Logistics
  • Built-in resources
  • Improved crop yields
  • Water conservation
  • Markets for end-products
  • Transition to organic growing
  • Highest and best use of organics
  • Diversified agricultural revenue streams
  • Preservation of both farming and organics
    processing industries

Professionally managed, any material can be
composted with an outdoor, open-windrow process
on a farm without public nuisance or negative
environmental impact.
  • Environmental Benefits of Managing Organics on
  • Low impact management of farms own manure
    and residuals
  • Improved soil and crops become a sink for C02

Decreased pollution of water sources and
degradation of soil
Savings in fertilizer costs, reduced pesticide
use, and higher yields
Water conservation
The Saddest Waste of Resource in the US
More than 40 percent of all food produced in
America goes uneaten 29 million tons of wasted
food each year Cost U.S. 100 billion
annually American restaurants discard more
than 6,000 tons of food everyday U.S.
households throw away an average of 600 pounds of
food annually 10-15 of what we
Source Using Contemporary Archaeology and
Applied Anthropology to Understand Food Loss in
the American Food System Timothy W. Jones. PhD
What are we throwing away?
Hierarchy of Options
Source reduction (methods to prevent wasted food
and other discards)
Donation to food banks (feed people)
Onsite composting or other processing technology
Collection for delivery to farms (feed animals)
Collection for delivery to farms (direct land
Collection for centralized facility creating
fertilizers, soil amendments (composting) or
Collection for centralized facility creating
fertilizers, soil amendments (composting) or
San Diego County, California
A quick case study
  • 3.1 Million People
  • 3 of 19 jurisdictions have not reached 50
  • 1 county in the nation for value of
    floricultural, nursery, greenhouse and
  • sod products
  • 1 county in the nation in small
    (under 10 acres) farms
  • 2 in the nation with the highest number of farms
  • 8 permitted compost facilities in county (3 on
    nurseries, 1 on farm)

Sources CIWMB/US Census/ San Diego County Farm
Bureau/County of San Diego Public Works
An industry worth preserving
Fifth largest industry in San Diego County
Contributes 1.4 billion directly to the local
economy 5.1 billion total value to the local
economy 65 percent of farms are nine or fewer
acres in size 92 of the farms are family
owned 77 of the farmers live on their land
1 in the nation in production of
avocados 7 in the nation for poultry (hens
(Source San Diego County Farm Bureau)
Statewide too!
Agriculture in California provides for nearly one
in every ten jobs, and over 100 billion in
related economic activity As the largest
agricultural producer and exporter in the nation,
direct farm sales valued at 32 billion in
2004 Californias average farm size is 347
acres More than 92 percent of California farms
are single family owned or partnerships For more
than 50 consecutive years, California has been
the number one agricultural state in the nation
(Sources California Department of Food and
Agriculture California Foundation for
Agriculture in the Classroom)
What not to do
About 29 million of California's 100 million
acres of land are used for agricultural
production, yet the state is losing 40,000 to
50,000 acres of some of the nations most
economically important farmland every year to
residential and urban development. (Source
California Department of Food and Agriculture)
Id like to compost on my farm, what do I need
to do
Barriers to composting on the farm
  • Redundant, cost prohibitive local land use
  • Lack of cooperation between resource managers and
  • Lack of assistance for funding, permitting,
    technology, and process integration
  • Overuse of organic materials as landfill cover
  • Lack of investment, and strategic integration of
    farms into statewide composting initiatives
  • Competing land use

  • Develop state, regional, and local
    initiatives/partnerships to facilitate composting
    and direct land application on farms
  • Increase strategic investment in organics
    management and finished product markets
  • Develop a system of information exchange,
    training, and standards for the agricultural
  • Phase all compostable organics out of the
  • Buy local organically-grown produce
  • Vote for candidates who support sustainability

Thanks for listening!
  • Rich Flammer
  • Hidden Resources
  • (619) 758-0726