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F Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby and The Roaring Twenties

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... usually with bobbed hair, short skirts, rolled stockings, and powdered knees! ... Descendent from 'prominent' American stock. Attended Princeton but left ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: F Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby and The Roaring Twenties


1
F Scott FitzgeraldThe Great Gatsbyand The
Roaring Twenties
  • English A2
  • Literature

2
1920-1929 Changing Times
The 1920s were a time of unprecedented social
and technological change in so many areas
An economy stimulated by WW1 fueled a massive
economic boom.
3
General Business Conditions
  • Stable prices
  • High employment
  • Number of firms increased annually until 1929
  • Steady failure rate
  • Prime interest rate averaged less than 5
  • Stock yield higher than bond yields

4
Income Distribution
  • Equalizing effect of income tax during the war
    but
  • 1922 Top 1 held 32 of nations wealth
  • 1929 Top 1 held 38 of nations wealth
  • The rich get rich and the poor get children

5
The Roaring Twenties
The decade of the twenties is often referred to
as the Jazz Age. However, the term has much
as much to do with the jazzy atmosphere of the
time as with the music!
6
Jazzy Sounds
  • Prohibition brought many jazz musicians north
    from New Orleans to Chicago and New York
  • Joe King Oliver was one of the best
  • Jazz became the soundtrack of rebellion for a
    younger generation

7
Jazzy Duds
  • Flappers were typical young girls of the
    twenties, usually with bobbed hair, short skirts,
    rolled stockings, and powdered knees!
  • They danced the night away doing the Charleston
    and the Black Bottom.

8
Jazzy Talk -Twenties Slang
Gee I wish a torpedo would bump off this flat tire
  • All Wet - wrong
  • Bees Knees - a superb person
  • Big Cheese -an important person
  • Bump Off - to murder
  • Dumb Dora - a stupid girl
  • Flat Tire - a dull, boring person
  • Gam - a girls leg
  • Hooch - bootleg liquor
  • Hoofer - chorus girl
  • Torpedo - a hired gunman

Dumb Dora
9
Music in Gatsby
  • Remember the yellow cocktail music of Gatsbys
    parties?
  • This was Jazz and Ragtime
  • Louis Armstrong,
  • Duke Ellington
  • King Oliver

10
Symphonic Jazz and Gatsby
  • George Gershwin wrote both classical and popular
    music
  • He was the first composer to combine jazz and
    classical music with Rhapsody in Blue in1924
  • Was this Vladimir Tostoffs Jazz History of the
    World?

11
Lifestyles and fashions of the 1920s
  • No more Victorian Values
  • Flappers
  • Collegiate Students
  • Independent women
  • Gaiety
  • Increasing wealth
  • Social mobility
  • Alcohol consumption

12
Womens Rights Movement
  • Suffrage - the right to vote
  • Nineteenth Amendment (1920)
  • Changing attitudes and fashions help bring about
    the new woman e.g. Jordan Baker

13
The Flapperby Dorothy Parker
  • The playful flapper here we see,
  • The fairest of the fair.
  • Shes not what Grandma used to be,--
  • You might say, au contraire.
  • Her girlish ways may make a stir,
  • Her manners cause a scene
  • But there is no more harm in her
  • Than in a submarine.
  • She nightly knocks for many a goal
  • The usual dancing men.
  • Her speed is great, but her control
  • Is something else again
  • All spotlights focus on her pranks.
  • All tongues her prowess herald
  • For which she well may render thanks
  • To God and Scott Fitzgerald.
  • Her golden rule is plain enough--
  • Just get them young and treat them rough

14
Prohibition
  • The Volstead Act
  • 18th Amendment (1919)
  • Bootleggers
  • Sold, bought, consumed alcohol.
  • Gangsters

Al Capone and a gonnection
15
Media and Technology
  • Automobilisation
  • the car is available to many
  • from courting to dating
  • Mass Media
  • Magazines and literacy
  • Readers Digest
  • Time
  • Radios and advertising
  • New forms of narrative
  • Movie - talkies e.g. The Jazz Singer
  • Popular Sports

16
F Scott Fitzgerald
  • Descendent from prominent American stock
  • Attended Princeton but left without graduating
  • Missed WWI (just)
  • Met Zelda but couldnt afford to marry her
  • Published This Side of Paradise in 1920 at the
    age of 24 instant stardom
  • Married Zelda, his golden girl
  • Wrote money-making popular fiction for most of
    his life, mainly for the New York Post 4000 a
    story (which equates to about 50,000 today)
  • He and Zelda were associated with high living of
    the Jazz Age

17
Fitzgerald Continued
  • A daughter, Scotty
  • Wrote what is considered his masterpiece, The
    Great Gatsby, in Europe in 1924-25
  • Zelda has an affair and Gatsby poorly received
  • Attempts to earn a clean literary reputation were
    disrupted by his reputation as a drunk
  • Zelda becomes mentally unstable
  • Moved to Hollywood as a screen writer
  • Dies almost forgotten aged 45
  • Zelda perished in a mental hospital fire in 1948
  • Only became a literary great in the 1960s

18
Literature of the 1920s
  • Authors wrote about their personal lives as
    something knowable.
  • Gatsby contains a great deal of autobiographical
    material and references to the 1920s.
  • Fitzgerald was also influenced by Modernist
    theories about art.

19
Modernism in the Twenties
20
The Modernist Era
  • Rejection of Romanticism and the advent of moral
    uncertainty
  • the catastrophe of World War I
  • (the wasteland and valley of ashes)
  • Embracing the new i.e. mechanization and
    industrialisation
  • (Gatsbys car)
  • new (replaceable) fashions
  • mass entertainment
  • Using new means of Representation
  • the development of cinema,
  • the mass media and advertising

21
Modernism and Nick Carraway
  • Because of the chaos there was a longing for
    order.
  • The modernist generation produced utopian
    ideologies such as communism, fascism, and
    futurism.
  • Look at Nick in his retreat from the modern word.
  • I wanted the world to be in uniform and to stand
    to a sort of moral attention forever

22
Modernism and Romanticism
  • Nick Gatsby

23
Fitzgerald and Modernism
  • Modernists mistrusted the possibility of absolute
    truth and idealism.
  • Consider the multiple and limited points-of-view
    employed in Gatsby. What effect does this have on
    the concept of absolute truth?
  • How does Nick force us to view the reality that
    he portrays?
  • In modernist literature loose ends were
    embraced rather resolved clearly. What does this
    suggest about the truth?
  • Does Fitzgerald do this with The Great Gatsby?

24
Is The Great Gatsby a period piece, or does the
novel step outside its time and address universal
themes?
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