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Title:

Social Security

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Social Security. What is social security ... social' pooling of resources to share risks ... Dominated by social insurance model covering old age and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Security


1
Social Security
2
What is social security
  • the securing of an income to take the place of
    earnings when they are interrupted by
    unemployment, sickness or accident to provide
    for retirement through age, to provide against
    loss of support by the death of another person.
  • William Beveridge, 1942

3
Functions
  • Income protection at times of contingencies
  • Distribution of resources over ones life time
    for future risks
  • social pooling of resources to share risks
  • Risks short term (sickness) and long term
    (disability)
  • Targets able-bodied (temporary) and those loss
    of self-dependence
  • Objectives poverty-relief, income protection,
    redistribution?

4
Principles
  • Available to all citizens (universal /
    selective)?
  • Comprehensive in coverage of all kinds of
    contingencies?
  • High level of benefit (high de-commodification)
    (flat rate / varied) ?
  • Take-up rate?
  • Financing (who pays)? Government normally
    guarantee the benefit and support those who
    cannot contribute

5
Models
  • Social assistance (non-contributory, mean-tested)
  • Social allowance / benefit (universal for
    specific target group, non-contributory)
  • Social insurance (contributory, state managed)
  • Provident fund (contributory, individual account)

6
General trends
  • State gradually take up responsibility
  • Dominated by social insurance model covering old
    age and unemployment
  • Supplemented by social assistance scheme
  • Problems retirement in aging society,
    inadequate in pension and unemployment payment
  • Responded by adjusting retirement/pension age,
    private insurance, privatising pension and cap
    governments responsibility

7
Programme Summaries
  • Retirement / Old age and death
  • Disability
  • Sickness (Health Insurance)
  • Unemployment
  • Family allowance
  • Maternity
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