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Is This A Rash Adult Infections

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Virus: chicken pox, shingles, fifth disease, measles, rubella, roseola. Cured with TIME ... Chicken Pox and Shingles. Contagious... Usually contagious until ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Is This A Rash Adult Infections


1
Is This A Rash???Adult Infections
  • Bobi A. Crump MSN CPNP

2
Chicken Pox Rash
Meningococcemia Rash
3
What causes a rash???
  • Skin Disorders eczema, psoriasis, yeast
    infections
  • Hives allergic reaction to food, bites or
    stings, contact irritants

4
What causes a rash???
  • Virus chicken pox, shingles, fifth disease,
    measles, rubella, roseola
  • Cured with TIME
  • Bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas
    aeruginosa, impetigo, cellulitis
  • Cured with ANTIBIOTICS

5
When to worry(Skin Disorders and Hives)
  • Appearance of a rash that is new
  • Not the typical rash of eczema or psoriasis
  • Hives with swollen lips, tongue or abdominal pain
    and vomiting
  • Anaphylactic reaction respiratory emergency

6
What happens(Viral and Bacterial)
  • Exposure
  • Incubation
  • Prodromal
  • Rash
  • Contagious

7
Exposure
  • Healthy appearing person is exposed to a virus or
    bacteria
  • They either prevent it from taking hold
  • Hand washing, healthy coughs and sneezes, general
    healthy lifestyle
  • They become the host and incubate
  • Immune compromised, underlying medical condition,
    poor health, poor hygiene, generally run down
  • You CAN NOT transmit exposure

8
Incubation
  • The time from exposure until onset of symptoms
  • Person feels fine and acts fine
  • The time is different for different diseases
  • Different person to person

9
Prodromal
  • Just before the illness
  • Fever
  • Malaise
  • Off
  • Headache
  • Lights bother the eyes
  • Sudden appearance of a rash
  • The start of being Contagious

10
Chicken Pox and Shingles
11
Contagious
  • Usually contagious until the rash goes away
  • Or if the rash has drainage, when the rash is dry
  • Each illness is spread a certain way
  • Droplets in the air, germs on surfaces, contact
    with blood or body fluids

12
When to worryYes or No?
13
When to worry(Viral and Bacterial)
  • Blood Red or Purple Rash
  • Sudden onset without Prodromal symptoms
  • New rash on an ADULT

14
Chicken Pox Rash
Meningococcemia Rash
15
When to worry(Viral and Bacterial)
  • Change in an Existing rash
  • Rash first, then fever
  • Always inspect the rash of Adults
  • Blood Red or Purple Rash

16
Preventing A Rash
  • Vaccinate Adults
  • Varicella Zoster
  • Meningococcal
  • Tetanus and Diphtheria
  • Influenza
  • Pneumococcal polysaccharide
  • 5 Steps To Good Health

17
Questions ?
  • Bobi A. Crump, RN, MSN, CPNP
  • Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
  • Alta California Regional Center
  • (916) 978-6459
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