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IPOWER: Using the Information Revolution To Succeed in Stabilization and Reconstruction S

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Net-centric warfare has transformed major combat ... S&Rs present classic requirement for Diplomatic, Informational, Military, ... DoS: S/CRS, HIU and Bureaus ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: IPOWER: Using the Information Revolution To Succeed in Stabilization and Reconstruction S


1
I-POWER Using the Information Revolution To
Succeed in Stabilization and Reconstruction (SR)
Operations
  • Center for Technology and National Security
    Policy
  • 11 October 2005
  • (Version 2.2)

2
The Challenge
  • Net-centric warfare has transformed major combat
    operations.
  • Can the information revolution transform
    stabilization and reconstruction operations?

3
Traditional SR Outcomes
  • Success elusive -- Unattractive set of outcomes
  • Poor (e.g., Haiti, Somalia)
  • Mediocre (e.g., Bosnia, East Timor)
  • Uncertain (e.g., Afghanistan, Iraq)
  • Time frames extended
  • Kosovo 6 years
  • Bosnia 10 years
  • Haiti multiple interventions
  • Afghanistan, Iraq uncertain duration
  • Financial costs high

4
SR Obstacles-1
  • Disruption/disfunction in host nation
  • Host nation subjected to violence/disruption
  • Governmental elements disabled/dysfunctional
  • Economic systems/organizations degraded
  • Societal institutions impaired
  • ICT infrastructure sometimes non-existent/general
    ly broken

5
SR Obstacles-2
  • Complexity multiplies obstacles
  • Simultaneity of challenges security,
    humanitarian, economic, governance
  • Numerosity of players USG (military civilian),
    other nations, IOs, NGOs, businesses, host nation
  • Variance of requirements
  • Change over time
  • No two circumstances the same

6
SR Obstacles-3
  • Distributed information lacking
  • Understanding situational requirements
  • Establishing a generally viable approach
  • Lack agreed civil-military strategy and CONOPS
  • Coordinating responses by multiple players
  • Responding to needs of host nation government and
    population

7
Information Opportunities-1
  • Provide distributed information
  • Create knowledgeable intervention
  • Create/collect data on host nation
  • Organize common approaches
  • Share information on SR respondents
  • Use information to integrate host nation with SR
    reponders

8
Information Opportunities-2
  • Organize complex activities
  • Over wide geographic area
  • Over extended timelines
  • Integrate different types of activities
  • Security, humanitarian, economic, governance
  • Generate coordinated actions
  • Enhance in-country coordination
  • Allow distributed players to take focused,
    effective actions
  • Build trust and commitment among SR players

9
Information Opportunities--3
  • Enhance establishment of effective host nation
    entities
  • Facilitate informed senior decisionmaking
  • Identify key requirements and target scarce
    resources
  • Create host nation capacity
  • Promote data generation/sharing to enable
    effective governmental operations
  • Provide both information systems and
    training/education
  • Build information capability to provide platform
    for SR success
  • Information capacity can be generated more
    quickly than other infrastructures, and can
    enable effective actions

10
Information Strategy Obstacles-1
  • No information business plan with clearly
    articulated objectives and implementation steps
  • No Vision, Strategy and CONOPS
  • Important activities not regularized
  • Effective collaboration
  • Data and information management
  • No management process to measure progress

11
Information Strategy Obstacles-2
  • No systematic focus on host nation Information/IT
    needs
  • No systematic evaluation of information role in
    SR response
  • Limited understanding of ICT infrastructure,
    business practices, regulations
  • Lack of knowledge of information culture

12
Information Strategy Obstacles-3
  • USG has only partially focused on SR information
    strategy
  • Pluses
  • CENTRIXS for multinational military operations
  • Developing relationship between DoD, DOS and
    USAID
  • DoD, DoS and USAID starting to focus on
    stabilization, reconstruction and development as
    core competencies
  • Minuses
  • No overall SR information strategic approach
  • No USG agency time-phased accountability
  • No systematic responsiveness to host nation
    information requirements
  • No formal arrangements for sharing information
    among civilian and military elements

13
Proposed SR Information Strategy
  • Systematic information approach
  • SRs present classic requirement for Diplomatic,
    Informational, Military, Economic (DIME) approach
  • Informational approach needs to be
  • Adopted at strategic level
  • Implemented at operational level, and
  • Particularized at tactical level
  • Viewed as an enabler of other sector activities
  • Security, governance, economic and social
    well-being
  • Given priority equal to other sector activities

14
The Information Strategy Challenge
  • Can DoD use the information revolution in
    conjunction with the
  • Interagency
  • Other governments (military and civilian
    components)
  • International/nongovernmental organizations
    (IO/NGOs)
  • Host nation
  • to help generate effective results in
    Stabilization
  • and Reconstruction (SR) operations?

15
Elements of DoD/USG SR Information Strategy-1
  • DoD undertakes SR information as key task
  • SR adopted as a key DoD mission
  • Iraq/Aghanistan/Bosnia/Haiti/Kosovo
  • Draft DoD SR directive
  • IT crucial element of DIME for SR
  • Include SR information as element in JOPES
    Planning Phase 4
  • Build on SJFHQ functionality and capabilities
  • … But not only DoDJointness is critical

16
Elements of DoD/USG SR Information Strategy-2
  • Formalize DoD-DOS/USAID Links
  • Strengthen interagency working arrangements
  • DoS S/CRS, HIU and Bureaus
  • USAID Office of Military Affairs OFDA/DART
    OTI and regional bureaus and field missions
  • Formalize military command linkages with
    in-country State/AID actors (e.g.,HRSTs, ACTs,
    DARTs)
  • Create a joint Interagency Collaborative
    Information Environment (CIE)
  • Classified (SIPRNET) and unclassified (NIPRNET)
  • Use IWS or other appropriate collaboration and
    information sharing tool suites
  • State/AID, NSC plus other USG elements as
    appropriate

17
Elements of DoD/USG SR Information Strategy-3
  • DoD/DOS Pre-establish Information Partnerships
    with Key SR Participants
  • Key Nations
  • UK--military/civilian (e.g., UK PCRU)
  • Other countries--military/civilian
  • International Organizations
  • UN -- OCHA, UN MCDU, UNDP, UNDPKO
  • NATO/SHAPE
  • EU civil-military cell/ ECHO
  • OSCE
  • Major NGOs (including US)

18
Elements of DoD/USG SR Information Strategy-4
  • Focus on Host Nation Information Needs
  • Inform decisionmaking
  • Enhance governmental capabilities
  • Support economic/societal development
  • Key information substantive arenas
  • Security
  • Humanitarian
  • Economic Reconstruction
  • Governance/Rule of Law

19
Elements of DoD/USG SR Information Strategy-5
  • Develop Key Technical Capabilities To Support
    Strategy
  • Utilize interoperable tools and procedures
  • COTS connectivity will be valuable
  • Internet as collaborative information environment
  • Commercial SATCOM for access
  • Establish deployable capabilities
  • Establish Portals to
  • House lessons learned
  • House data in an actual SR activity
  • Create a reachback capacity
  • Establish collaborative capacity
  • Enhance data usability
  • Maintain IT toolkit lists

20
Strategic Recommendation
  • Establish DOD/USG information strategy for SR
  • Information Strategy Accepted As Key SR Task
  • DOD/USG Information Strategy Key Elements
  • Formalize DOD linkages with DOS and USAID and
    establish a SR CIE
  • Plan appropriate linkages with other nations, IOs
    and NGOs
  • Focus on Host Nation IT requirementsneeds based
  • Good Tools and Procedures Created
  • Build on SJFHQ functionality and capabilities
  • Establish deployable ICT capabilities
  • Create collaborative capacity
  • Establish and maintain portals
  • Enhance data usability
  • Maintain toolkit lists
  • Establish Information Business Model

21
Operationalizing the SR Information Strategy
  • Operational strategy Build and implement an
    information business model to coordinate two key
    tasks
  • Create a collaborative information approach to
    support civil-military responders and developers
  • Generate host nation capacity

22
Information Business Model
  • Key elements of information business model
  • Undertake information planning/training, with
    best practices
  • Develop in-field information community of
    interest
  • Create working host nation communications,
    including from rapid deployable capacity
  • Establish/increase collaboration capabilities
  • Identify key systems, applications, partners
    (e.g., an IT Toolkit)
  • Enhance data usability
  • Identify information needs

23
IT Business Model
I/IT Business Model Time Phased
Pre-deployment Planning Partnerships Deployab
le Packages As Is Assessments of HN ICTthe
before
Opening (Deployable) Field Centers HN
Backbone CIE On the ground assessments, As
Is HN ICT Establish Presence, create
stability and start institution
building (Recovery)
  • Middle Phase
  • (Developing)
  • Focus on building HN
  • Government capacity
  • plus
  • Support of commercial
  • enterprises
  • How?
  • Model ?
  • Exit
  • (Sustaining)
  • I/IT for
  • Security
  • Governance and
  • participation
  • HA and social
  • well-being
  • Economic
  • stabilization and
  • infrastructure
  • Justice and
  • reconciliation
  • (leave behinds)
  • Participants
  • USG
  • DOD
  • DOS/USAID
  • Providers
  • Donors
  • (Dfid, JICA, CIDA, SIDA,
  • SDC. AUSAID, MFA)
  • Military
  • Civilian Govt
  • International Org
  • -UN, EU, NATO, OSCE
  • -IOM, ECHO
  • -OAS, CARICOM
  • -AU, ECOWAS, ASEAN

24
Business Process Model for Planning, Recovering,
Reconstructing and Developing Affected Nation ICT
Affected Nation ICT
Incident (Natural Disaster or Conflict) Response
Pre-incident Planning
  • Sustainment
  • ICT Policy, Regulations and Laws
  • Military C3
  • Emergency Services
  • Police, Fire, Rescue
  • Public Voice and Data Services
  • Coverage
  • Local, Regional
  • International Access
  • Functional Capabilities
  • PSTN
  • ISP/Internet
  • Cellular/Wireless Data
  • Transmission
  • Microwave/Fiber/Cable
  • Satellite
  • Radio/TV/Print
  • Business practices
  • Government Nets

Civil-Military
ICT Strategic Plan (the To Be) Information
culture ICT Policy/Legal Vision Strategy Architect
ure Plan Funding Implementation -----------------
---- Baseline ICT (the As Is) Population
information culture and habits ICT Policy and
Legal Infrastructure Coverage/Capacity Functionali
ty A/O/M and Net/Sys Mgt Business
practices Mgt/Technical skills Suppliers and
logistics
Military or Civilian Lead
ICT As IS Assessment and Surge/Recovery
Security (Military C3 and Emergency Services
ICT) and Governance
  • Info and ICT Services
  • CMOC/CIMIC Ctr
  • Cell on Wheels
  • WiFi Hot Spots
  • Kiosks
  • Call centers
  • Internet cafés
  • LMR, HF, VHF, UHF
  • Satellite phones
  • AM/FM Radio/Print
  • Distribute free
  • Cell phones
  • Laptops
  • AM/FM radios

ICT Development
Civilian Lead
ICT Reconstruction
Public, Civil Govt, and Emergency Services ICT
  • Info and ICT Services
  • HIC/IMC
  • Cellular,Wireless Data
  • Internet/ISPs,PSTN,Tx
  • VSAT Nets, Satellite phones
  • Kiosks
  • Call centers, Internet cafés
  • LMR, VHF, UHF
  • AM/FM Radio/TV/Print

Transition to Nation and Private ICT Industry
Investments
ICT Recovery Plan
ICT Reconstruction and Development Plan
25
IBM Task 1 Undertake Pre-event Activities with
Partners (1 of 2)
  • Joint civil-military information planning
  • Joint DOD, DOS and USAID (and other USG elements
    planning as appropriate)
  • Plan response, and mid and long term transitions
  • Plan with other SR responders as practicable
  • Standards building, common training/education
    should enhance planning capacity

26
IBM Task 1 Undertake Pre-event Activities with
Partners (2 of 2)
  • Undertake development of ICT, information
    management, and data standards
  • Participate in international standards
    committees, symposium, and workshop activities
  • Joint education, training and exercises
  • NPS, AWC/PKSOI, NDU,..
  • Universities (e.g., GMU)
  • JRTC/NTC (include non-military participants)
  • JFCOM MNEs (expand to include non-military
    elements)
  • Link with UK, CA, AUS, NATO, UN,…. initiatives

27
IBM Task 2 Establish Information Field
Organization
  • Establish USG IT field coordination mechanism
  • DoD or DOS/AID to run
  • Collaborate with organizations for which
    preplanning took place
  • Other countries/UN/major NGOs
  • Add national/local groups to COI
  • Provide mechanism to add entities that have not
    been part of IT pre-planning
  • Consider how to work with media
  • Establish mechanism to inform population

28
Example of Field Coordination Mechanisms
Organization
NATO
Multinational Interagency
UN
USAID DCHA OFDA (AT, DART, RMT)
OTI Region Bureaus
CIMIC
IC
HIC OSOCC
DART Country Team
Collaborative Information Environment
IC
IO IGO
DOS PRM S/CRS (HSRT and ACT) HIU
IMU HACC
IC
Host Nation
Internet Cafe
CIMIC
CMOC
NGO
DoD RCC/SJFHQ JTF
Kiosk
Multi- National Military
HIC HAC
29
IBM Task 3 Enhancing Host Nation Capacity
  • Host nation IT capacity critical for successful
    SR
  • Two key tasks
  • Assessment
  • Critical to understand status of host nation ICT
    capacity
  • Information culture of host nation
  • Host nation ICT regulations and business
    practices
  • Build the IT goal for host nation
  • Determine DoD/USG role in establishing host
    nation ICT
  • Coordinate multiple approaches to enhance host
    nation ICT capacity
  • Flexible approach
  • Different baselines in different host nations
  • Austere/moderate
  • Generate different IT models

30
Affected Nation Information and ICT Capacity
Building
Multinational Responders (Mil, Civ Govt, IO, NGO)
Kiosks (Call Centers, Internet Café)
Responder ICT
Surge Capacity
Development
Reconstruction
Sustainment
Recovery
Nation ICT (Surge capacity, Recovery,
Reconstruction, Development, Sustain)
Kiosks (Call Centers, Internet Café)
Affected Nation ICT Capacity Building (Military,
Civilian Govt, IO, NGO, Industry)
Public Communications
Mass Public Communications (Face-to-Face
Speakers Radio/TV Print )
31
IBM Task 3 Assessment Phase
  • Assess and baseline the post-conflict as is ICT
    infrastructure and develop plans
  • Build understanding of ICT recovery and
    reconstruction needs
  • Government needs Security, governance, economic,
    education, ….
  • General public and private business needs
  • What was the state of ICT before the conflict?
  • Infrastructure standards, capabilities, coverage,
    connectivity, manufactures, supply lines…
  • Business practices and technical and management
    skill base
  • Information culture of the host nation
  • What is the state of ICT post conflict?
  • What are the populations communications needs
    that must be met?
  • What are the communications media that are
    currently available, functioning, or in need of
    repair?
  • Does the host nation infrastructure have the
    ability to update and modernize communications
    technology?
  • What communications assets and actions can the
    SR responders provide to stabilize the
    infrastructure, commerce, and the population?

32
IBM Task 3 Deployable Capability
  • Provide deployable SR IT in a Box
  • Deployable ICT toolkits (VSAT, WiFi, ….)
  • CMOC with Internet Café
  • Create satellite user capacity in host country
  • Use afloat US Navy capacity to promptly deliver
    some capacity
  • Shipboard Cell Tower and WiFi and AM/FM and TV
    transmitters
  • Hand out cell phones, laptops
  • Purchase locally
  • Provide phone cards

33
IBM Task 3 Lines of Operation for Medium/Longer
Term Host Nation ICT
Government
Military and Border Security
Judicial and Penal System
Government and Private Sector ICT
Ministries ICT
Business
Mass Public Communications (Face-to-Face
Speakers Radio/TV Print )
Public Telecommmunications (PSTN, Cellular, Data
Networks, Tx)
(Surge capacity Recovery Reconstruction
Development)
34
IBM Task 3 HN ICT Business Process
DOS/USAID supported by DOD
DOD supported by DOS/USAID
HN supported by DOS/USAID
DOS/USAID with HN supported by DOD
HN and Industry
HN ICT Strategic Plan (the To Be) Information
culture ICT Policy/Legal Vision Strategy Architect
ure Plan Funding Implementation -----------------
---- Baseline HN ICT (the As Is) Population
information culture and habits ICT Policy and
Legal Infrastructure Coverage/Capacity Functionali
ty A/O/M and Net/Sys Mgt Business
practices Mgt/Technical skills Suppliers and
logistics
  • Developed Host Nation ICT
  • ICT Policy, Regulations and Laws
  • Military C3
  • Emergency Services
  • Police, Fire, Rescue
  • Public Voice and Data Services
  • Coverage
  • Local, Regional
  • International Access
  • Functional Capabilities
  • PSTN
  • ISP/Internet
  • Cellular/Wireless Data
  • Transmission
  • Microwave
  • Fiber/Cable
  • Satellite
  • Radio/TV/Print
  • Government Nets
  • Info and ICT Services
  • BW management
  • CMOC/CIMIC Centers
  • Cell on Wheels
  • WiFi/WiMax Hot Spots
  • Kiosks
  • Call centers
  • Internet cafés
  • LMR, HF, VHF, UHF
  • Satellite phones/VSAT
  • AM/FM Radio/Print
  • Distribute free
  • Cell phones
  • Laptops
  • AM/FM radios
  • Info and ICT Services
  • HACC/IMC
  • Cellular,Wireless Data
  • Internet/ISPs,PSTN,Tx
  • VSAT Nets, Satellite phones
  • Kiosks
  • Call centers, Internet cafés
  • LMR, VHF, UHF
  • AM/FM Radio/TV/Print

Develop HN ICT Reconstruction and Development
Plans and Implement Transition ICT Ownership
and Management to HN and Private Industry
Baseline As Is HN ICT and Develop and
Implement Surge Capacity and Recovery Plans
35
IBM Task 3 Exit Strategy to Enhance Information
Infrastructure
  • Leave-behind ICT infrastructure
  • Facilities and datasets will be designed as
    leave-behinds for local partners
  • Be they private, governmental or nongovernmental
    agencies
  • As permitted by local governance and capability
    constraints
  • Jump start host nation ICT infrastructure
    recovery
  • Provide commercial opportunities to seed economic
    revitalization

36
IBM Task 4 Improving Collaboration
  • Improved collaboration depends on
  • Better processes
  • Better technical means
  • Differentiated collaboration among entities is
    also keyprocesses and technical
  • DoD to interagency
  • USG to other governments
  • USG to UN
  • USG to NGOs
  • USG to host country

37
IBM Task 4 Improving Collaboration USG
  • DoD and DOS/AID should preplan mechanisms
    exchange information in field
  • Joint DoD-DOS/AID office to manage information
  • Portal for DoD commanders/DOS-AID officers have
    access to information
  • Information needs should be agreed on prior to
    interventionthough flexibility to change as
    situation evolves
  • Collection mechanisms should be agreed upon
  • Communications capabilities should be
    interoperable
  • Build on existing capabilities
  • SIPRNET/NIPRNET (CIE IWS and portals)
  • NGA, COCOM, MNF-I, … portals

38
IBM Task 4 Improving Collaboration USG to Other
Governments
  • Preplanning is key, to the extent possible
  • Use the Joint DoD/DOS-AID office (see prior
    slide) to facilitate preplanning
  • Can still have mil-mil and DOS-MFA contacts
  • Build on CENTRIXS systems
  • Discuss information needs and methods of exchange
  • Will be able to exchange more with key
    alliesNATO countries, Japan
  • Portal will be valuable
  • Interoperable communications
  • Common collection mechanisms

39
IBM Task 4 Improving Collaboration USG to UN
  • UN has good information capabilities
  • Use Joint DoD-DOS/USAID office to build
    collaboration
  • Currently ad hoc interaction with UN seek to
    formalize
  • US military liaison with DPKO
  • USAID/OFDA/OTI OCHA, UNDP,…
  • S/CRS OCHA, UNDP,…
  • Preplanning is key start regular
    conferences/meetings
  • Portal is one way to exchange information use
    conferences to develop others
  • UN portals
  • USG portals
  • Utilize interoperable communication mechanisms
  • Develop common collection mechanisms
  • Make data multi-user friendly, not just single
    purpose
  • SPHERE, DART FOG, …

40
IBM task 4 Improving Collaboration USG to Major
NGOs
  • Major NGOs are in most SRs
  • USG should seek to preplan/communicate with NGOs
    that have greatest SR capacity
  • Uncertain enterprise different approaches
  • Start with conferences/workshops to develop
    common agenda/common approaches
  • Key issues information needs, collection
    capabilities, communication mechanisms
  • Education, training and exercises
  • Shared understanding of needs, capabilities and
    culture
  • Shared understanding of expectations and
    limitations

41
IBM Task 4 Technical Means
  • Communications and Information Systems
  • Tools like Groove, IWS, NetMeeting, WebEx, PoPG
  • VTC
  • Portals
  • Collects links
  • Data repository
  • Presents information
  • Reachback capacity, for
  • Analysis
  • Data
  • Distance learning

42
IBM Task 4 Field Non-Classified Collaboration
Approach
  • DoD, DoS, USAID champion a COTS collaboration
    zone architecture
  • Accommodate the restrictions and requirements of
    major collaboration tools in use including lowest
    common denominator e.g., web portal, Groove,
    IWS, Share Point
  • Located within a .org or .gov.xx network
    domain to maintain autonomy from military and US
    Government
  • Metadata repository (registry, catalog, shared
    space)
  • Use Internet-based distributed networks and
    neutral portal repositories to
  • Assist with information sharing and collaboration
  • Promote linkages to avoid duplication of effort

43
IBM Task 4 Collaboration Mechanisms Technical
Means
Classified
DOS USAID Other USG
SIPRNET (CIE-IWS like)
Multinational Military and Civilian Government
G/W
CENTRIXS
DOD
Unclassified
NIPRNET (CIE-IWS like)
DOS USAID Other USG
Metadata SR Portal
COEs Academia
Non-USG Portals
USG Portals
F/W
F/W
F/W
DOD JTF
Internet
Deployable ICT Toolkit (IWS, SharePoint,
Groove,..)
DOS, USAID, Other USG, Multinational, IO (UN),
NGO, Host Nation
44
IBM Task 5 Improving Data Usability (1 of 3)
  • Data availability can be differentiated among
    partners
  • Do not have to go to lowest common denominator at
    all timesthough sometimes will do so
  • USG sharing is different than USG-host nation
    sharing, is different than USG-NGO sharing
  • Data can be kept in different channels to help
    the validity problem
  • NGOs might get a read only capacity or, if they
    post data, could be to a place that does not
    commingle
  • Allies might get a fuller share capacity
  • Data management group will have to be created to
    manage these issues cannot be done just by
    machine and rules

45
IBM Task 5 Improving Data Usability (2 of 3)
  • Key requirements (should be expanded)
  • Common simple formats
  • Common survey procedures
  • Translation (language)
  • Known source
  • Verifiable
  • Data base standards
  • Data retrieval systems
  • Distributable data collection/dissemination
  • (continued)

46
IBM Task 5 Improving Data Usability (3 of 3)
  • Key requirements (continued)
  • Search capacity
  • Aggregating capacity
  • Quality control
  • Archive/storage and retrieval
  • Disseminate
  • Note All points on data slides need to be
    elaborated to propose more definitive way to do
    each/options ok/80 solution highly desirable

47
IBM Task 5 Establish SR Information Portal
  • Create and maintain SR information portal
  • Procedures and lessons learned
  • Inventory of ICT toolkits available
  • Update as new technology and capabilities emerge
  • Encourage Industry inputs to maintain currency
    with whats available
  • Links to civilian and military portals
  • Other USG organizations
  • Other nations civilian and military
    organizations
  • IOs and NGOs
  • Subject Matter Experts and reach back sites
  • Centers of Excellence
  • Academia
  • Industry

48
IBM Task 6 Information Toolbox
  • Tool box development
  • DoD/USG should maintain list
  • Key partners, including businesses with technical
    capabilities
  • Information and data management tools included
  • Other key tools such as translation
  • DoD/USG provided COTS packages
  • Planners utilize lists as crucial SR preplanning
    and ICT business model for HN
  • Keep long list update
  • Different SRs will require different
    plans/models

49
IBM Task 6 Example Toolbox Picture--Technical
Partners
Commercial Satellites
UN portals
ProActive
NetHope NetRelief Kit
Teleport
Hub
Internet
United Nations FITTEST
TCS SwiftLink
ISP
VVFA (security awareness)
GRT Fusion Center
PSTN
TSF, VITA
DRASTIC
Bloggers
Inveneo
WiFi, VSAT, Satellite Phones, Cellular, Radios,
VoIP, Collaboration Tools, VTC, Video, GIS
Tools, …
50
IBM Task 6 Example Toolbox Picture--USG
Provided COTS Packages
Forward Deployed Capabilities Wired and Wireless
LAN Internet Access (VoIP, Email, Data, Video,
Imagery, Browsers, Portals, Metadata
Repository) Collaboration, Assessment,
Visualization Maps/Mapping Tools, GIS,
GPS Distributed Information Environment (One stop
shopping) Laptops, desktops, M/S office,
Adobe Cellular and Public Phones HF,VHF, UHF
Radios Satellite phones, VSAT VHF G/A
Radios WiFi Cell on Wheels Portable PABX LOS
Tx Radio/TV Print
International Organizations NGO Portals
Commercial
PSTN/ISP
Civilian Agency Portals
Inmarsat Phone (2.4 to 4.8 kb/s)
Shared Workspace
Military Unclassified Portals
Cell Phone
Radios
WiFi Antenna
Internet in a Box
RBGAN to VSAT (144Kb/s to Mb/s)
Internet
Shared Workspace
WiFi COW LOS Tx Radio/TV
Metadata Repository
COEs and SMEs Academia Industry Data Repositories
Other Military Elements
Registry Catalog Shared space
Distributed Information Network
ICT Capability Package
51
IBM Task 7 Information Needs
  • Two Broad Types of Information Needs
  • Requirements
  • Security, humanitarian, economic, governance/rule
    of law
  • Responses
  • Providers, quantities, timing, etc.
  • Information needs generally time phased
  • Need to link planning for 1st responder,
    sustaining (mid term) and long term ICT planning
  • Need to have vision and plan for host nation ICT
    capacity building (surge, recovery and
    reconstruction)

52
IBM Task 7 Participants Need to Know A Lot
Area of Interest
53
IBM Task 7Information Requirements--Examples
  • Maps
  • Safety and Protection
  • Food
  • Health and nutrition
  • Water and sanitation
  • Shelter
  • Logistics support
  • Social services
  • Education
  • Income generation
  • Environmental protection
  • Agency operational support
  • Public Information
  • Budgets

54
Host Nation Information Needs
  • Key needs security, humanitarian, economic,
    governance/rule of law
  • S/CRS essential task list elaborates task
    requirements for which information needed
  • Meeting needs requires multiple sources/multiple
    experts
  • Field office/data manager needed to help get
    expert information
  • Reachback will be essential

55
Host Population Needs
  • Host population has information needs separate
    from government
  • Civil society development
  • Economic
  • Security needs possible
  • Information mechanisms to serve host population
    critical
  • Society will generate some rumint to media
  • USG should enhance/support mechanisms to provide
    information to host populations

56
IBM Task 7 Information Needs
  • USG Information strategy to meet needs
  • Preplanning
  • Build on lessons learned
  • Identify/designate information providers/collector
    s
  • Utilize collaboration
  • Often getting information from others
  • NGOs and I/Os valuable sources
  • Make sure host nation gets required information
  • Include information approach for host population

57
Summary (1 of 2)
  • The Challenge Can DoD use the information
    revolution in conjunction with others to help
    generate effective results in SR operations?
  • Proposed SR strategy develop a systematic
    information approach
  • Enhance establishment of effective host nation
    entitiesgovernmental, economic, societal---which
    is key goal of SR
  • Facilitate efforts by SR outside participants
  • Create host nation capacity
  • Create knowledgeable intervention
  • Generate coordinated actions

58
Summary (2 of 2)
  • Undertake the following operational tasks
  • Undertake pre-planning/training with partners
  • Develop Field ICT Community of Interest (COI)
  • Establish Working Host Nation Communications
  • Improve Collaboration
  • Increase Data Usability
  • Provide Valuable IT Applications
  • Respond to Information Needs

59
Collaboration Environment for Recovering,
Reconstructing, and Developing Host Nation (HN)
ICT
Pre-event
Recovery
Reconstruction
Development
SIPRNET (IWS)
Govt
Ministries
ES
CENTRIXS
DOD
DOS
USAID
Host Nation ICT
MNM/G
NIPRNET/Internet (IWS)
Internet Cafe
Deployable ICT Toolkit (IWS, SharePoint,
Groove,..)
DOD
DOS/USAID
IO/NGO
Other Nations
Responders
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