HISTORY OF LABOR MOVEMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – HISTORY OF LABOR MOVEMENT PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 18632-OTkzY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

HISTORY OF LABOR MOVEMENT

Description:

High demand for labor in colonies. Most were self-employed artisans ... Skilled tradesmen started to work as 'journeymen' under 'master workmen' in small retail shops ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:2255
Avg rating:5.0/5.0
Slides: 13
Provided by: davidlewis
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: HISTORY OF LABOR MOVEMENT


1
SECTION 1
  • HISTORY OF LABOR MOVEMENT
  •  

2
    Colonial America (1619- 1776)
  • High demand for labor in colonies  
  •     
  • Most were self-employed artisans
  • Maximum wages established early

3
Centers of population begin to grow
  •   Skilled tradesmen started to work as
    journeymen under master workmen in small
    retail shops
  • Labor disputes are recorded back from 1630s
  • Perhaps 1st actual strike in 1768
  • No continuous labor organization yet

4
1780s?1800s
  •  Mutual Aid societies
  • Out of need of post-revolutionary period
  •  First Union
  • 1794, Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers
    (Philadelphia)
  • all early unions craft-based 

5
Transportation Revolution
  •  Markets widen (interior opens up) competition
    increases
  • Employers interests in contrast with workers
    interests
  • Workers protests general peaceful (for ?wages,
    ?hours, better conditions)

6
INDUSTRIALIZATION
  • 1830s and on
  • New class of factory workers
  • Initially clean for Mill girls
  • ?labor supply and competition again lead
    employers to push.
  • 1st real attempt at National unions in 1850s

7
POST CIVIL WAR
  •  Knights of Labor (1869)
  • 800,000 members by late 1880s
  • Accepted skilled and unskilled
  • Belief in political action, not strikes.
  • Key flaw was focus on moral philosophies instead
    of short-term economic interests of workers.
  • Quick demise in 1890s precipitated by HayMarket
    Riot (1886)

8
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
  • 1886 Key founder is Gompers
  • Established as a Federation, not a union, of
    largely craft unions
  • Basic philosophy
  • Promote capitalism, but improve material needs of
    members
  • Belief in strikes, govt acceptance

9
AFL survives key incidents
  •  
  • Homestead Incident (1892)
  • AFL shows solid material support
  • Media criticizes Carnegie
  • Pullman Strike (1894)
  • AFL chooses to not help ARU strike
  • Debs ?prison?radicalized (socialist)

10
IWW (1905)
  •  Threatening because of left-winged, radical
    views (overthrow capitalism)
  • Downfall by 1918 due to
  • Financial troubles
  • No focus on short-term material interests
    (similar flaw of KOL)
  • Identification with violence and sabatoge (check
    out their website)
  • Stance against U.S. war effort

11
WWI-WWII
  •  Welfare Capitalism
  • Depression Era legislation
  • CIO splits from within AFL (1938) 

12
WWII-present (roughly)
  • General decline in unionization
  • AFL-CIO merger (1955)
  • Anti-corruption legislation for unions coming out
    of 1950s
  • Dealing with increased global competition
  • AFL-CIO new president (1995) Sweeney
About PowerShow.com