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Prostate Cancer Education Seminar

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Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer ... Race Prostate cancer is found more often in African American men then White men. ... Prostate cancer: Cells normally ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Prostate Cancer Education Seminar


1
Prostate Cancer EducationSeminar
2
What is the Prostate?
  • A male sex gland
  • The size of a walnut below the bladder and in
    front of the rectum
  • Produces the fluid that is
  • part of semen

3
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
  • Age Found mainly in men over age 55. Average
    age of diagnosis is 70
  • Family History Mens risk is higher if father
    or brother is diagnosed before the age of 60

4
Risk Factors continued
  • Race Prostate cancer is found more often in
    African American men then White men. It is less
    common in Asian and American Indian men
  • Dietary factors Evidence suggests that a diet
    high in fat may increase the risk of prostate
    cancer and diets high in fruits and vegetables
    decrease the risk

5
Risk for Developing Prostate Cancer
6
Death Rates For Prostate Cancer
7
What Goes Wrong
  • Three main types of problems -- infection,
    enlargement, and cancer -- can afflict the
    prostate. Prostate infections, called
    prostatitis, are fairly common in men from the
    teen years on. These infections can be brief or
    long-lasting, mild or severe, easy or difficult
    to treat with antibiotics. Symptoms of
    prostatitis can include frequent and/or painful
    urination, other urinary difficulties, or pain
    during sex

8
What Goes Wrong continued
  • Prostate enlargement, called benign prostatic
    hyperplasia, or BPH for short, is an unwanted but
    non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate.
    Although men in their twenties can suffer from
    BPH, it usually surfaces later in life. It's
    estimated that half of all men have BPH by the
    age of 60, and 90 will suffer from it by age 85

9
What Goes Wrong continued
  • Prostate cancer Cells normally divide when new
    cells are needed. But sometimes cells divide for
    no reason, creating a mass of tissue called a
    tumor. Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that
    usually begins in the outer part of the prostate.
    In most men, the cancer grows very slowly.

10
Recommendations for Screening
  • The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
    and the digital rectal exam (DRE) should begin at
    the age of 50
  • African Americans and men who have first degree
    relatives diagnosed before the age of 60 should
    start at 45 years old

11
Screening for Prostate Cancer
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen Blood Test (PSA)
    Measures substance made by the prostate gland
  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) Physical exam of the
    Prostate Gland
  • Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS)
  • Uses sound waves to make an image
  • of the prostate on a video screen

12
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
  • Frequent urination
  • Inability to urinate
  • Trouble starting and stopping urination
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Painful or burning urination

13
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
  • Confirmed only by an biopsy taken from part of
    the prostate
  • Pathologists then grade the biopsy to give likely
    hood of cancerous tissue
  • Then pathologists can tell what stage the cancer
    is in, 4 stages in all

14
Procedures for Prostate Cancer
  • Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Removal of entire
    prostate gland and nerves using a minimally
    invasive surgery
  • Radical Prostatectomy Removal of entire
    prostate gland and nerves
  • Radiation Therapy High-energy rays to kill or
    shrink cancer cells
  • Expectant Therapy Regularly scheduled screenings

15
Procedures continued
  • Cryosurgery freezes abnormal cells of the
    prostate with a metal probe
  • Hormone Therapy Decreases the androgen
    (testosterone) levels in the body
  • Chemotherapy Anticancer drugs injected into a
    vein or taken by mouth

16
Procedures continued
  • Transurethral Resection of the Prostate Partial
    removal of tissue from the prostate
  • Brachytherapy confined dosage of radioactive
    seeds inserted directly into the prostate while
    minimizing healthy tissue damage

17
Side Effects of Treatments
  • Impotence Could last for 3 months or longer
  • Incontinence Loss of bladder control or
    dribbling
  • Bowel problems - Burning and rectal pain and/or
    diarrhea

18
Whats the Outlook
  • While the number of men diagnosed with prostate
    cancer remains high, survival rates are also
    improving. Almost 89 of men diagnosed with the
    disease will survive at least five years, while
    63 will survive 10 years or longer. The
    increased number of treatment options make this
    possible

19
Test Results
  • PSA levels under 4vng/ml are considered normal,
    Just to be safe, if your level is 3 ng/mlor
    higher, or the level increases from one test to
    the other you should discuss the results with
    your physician.
  • After a DRE your doctor will discuss the test
    results with you. If they detect a suspicious
    lump or area during the exam, an ultrasound or
    biopsy may be recommended.

20
Test Results continued
  • If any results come back abnormal, or you do not
    understand them contact your health care provider
    for further information.

21
PSA Testing
  • IF you are covered under a Purdue Insurance plan
    you can receive a FREE PSA screening. Ask your
    doctor to write a prescription for a PSA blood
    test, take the Rx to any Arnett laboratory, the
    cost is FREE and your results are sent to your
    doctor.

22
Our Gift to You
  • Continued educational programming regarding
    detection and prevention
  • Additional resources

23
Additional Resources
  • UsToo! International www.ustoo.org
  • National Prostate Cancer Coalition www.npcc.org
  • American Cancer Society www.cancer.org
  • National Cancer Institute www.cancer.gov
  • Oncology Care International www.oncli.com
  • Centers for Disease Control
  • and Prevention www.cdc.gov
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