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Student Life in School and at Home

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Friends usually chosen from ability groups. Most schools now don't track...they 'ability group' ... teacher, pecking order, pranks, sissies (girls relegated to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Student Life in School and at Home


1
Student Life in School and at Home
  • Chapter 3

2
School Culture
  • Rules, rituals routines (the other 3Rs)
    teachers and students perspectives
  • Teachers are very busy, students are often caught
    in patterns of delay
  • Timekeeping activities
  • To succeed as a student, coping with continual
    delay is important

3
Watching the clock
  • On time behavior on the most powerful cultural
    lessons in schools hidden curriculum
  • 25-50 of available time for learning lost to
    other activities
  • Goodlad found enormous difference in efficiency
    of time usage in schoolsabout 75 devoted in
    some schools to instruction
  • The clock ticking, one of the most oppressive
    features of teaching

4
Teacher as Gatekeeper
  • More than one thousand verbal exchanges with
    students daily
  • Gatekeeping who will talk, when, for how long
    and the basic direction of the communication
  • Two-thirds of classroom time is talk, two-thirds
    done by the teacher
  • Teachers question, students answer
  • Most questions require rote memory to answer
  • Less than a second of wait-time for student
    answers
  • Less interaction as students get older

5
Classroom Patterns
  • Maintaining order large focus
  • Students typically work alonein a group
  • Teachers set the tone and determine the activity
  • Teacher in the front, teaching the whole group
  • Emotionally neutral or flatlittle praise or
    correction
  • Limited range of activities students involved in
  • Significant number of confused students, with
    little guidance on how to improve
  • Less attractive learning environment as students
    age

6
Tracking
  • School, as a social system, begin college
    selection in elementary school, virtually sealed
    by the finish of 8th grade
  • Social class a critical factor in the selection
    system
  • Most kids from the upper social class, maybe 15
    from the lower social class in college prep
    classes

7
Kindergarten classroom
  • Classic study done by Ray Rist (1970s)
  • By 8th day of class, teacher had separated the
    fast learners from the slow learners, spent
    more time with the fast learners, more
    instruction and encouragementslow learners got
    control and ridicule
  • Determined by physical appearance, socioeconomic
    status, language usage

8
Tracking
  • Students of color more than 3 times as likely in
    low track math, whites more than 1.5 time as
    likely in high track classes
  • Schools with mostly poor kids have fewer advanced
    classes, more remedial classes
  • With parent intervention, middle and upper class
    kids with poor grades often placed in more
    advanced classes
  • Few kids of color in gifted classes
  • Least experienced teachers assigned to lower
    tracks
  • Friends usually chosen from ability groups
  • Most schools now dont trackthey ability group

9
Grade School
  • First gradeteacher important
  • Second gradeboys begin to break away,
    sex-segregated
  • Third gradeboys openly challenging teacher,
    pecking order, pranks, sissies (girls relegated
    to fringe areas, standing around, playing a
    little)
  • Girls switch to peers by fourth grade, choose
    best friends, being nicetil upper grades when
    appearance becomes the key to status
  • Gender walls greater than racial walls

10
High School
  • the closest thing to a real social system in the
    societythe closest thing to a closed social
    system
  • 13 million kids at 20 thousand high schools
  • High school has little material reward to
    dispense, so that its system of reward is
    reflected almost directly in the distribution of
    status.
  • Classroom observation (Sadker web page), self
    concept

11
Changing Family Patterns
  • Wage earners and parenting
  • Americas new families alternative families
  • Latchkey kids (commercial TV. for kids is 50-60
    times more violent than prime-time TV. Cartoons
    average more than 80 violent acts per hour
  • Children at promise dropping out, sex and
    pregnancy, AIDS, substance abuse, suicide, gay
    kids (invisibility), bullying
  • Classroom observation Sadker drugs, bullying
  • Video segment 10 Its not all academic
    Immigrant students
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