Environmentally sound management of ship recycling- simple or complex? Roy Watkinson Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs UK Promoting Sustainable Ship Recycling through the Global Programme 12-13th January 2008 Dhaka, Bangladesh - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Environmentally sound management of ship recycling- simple or complex? Roy Watkinson Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs UK Promoting Sustainable Ship Recycling through the Global Programme 12-13th January 2008 Dhaka, Bangladesh

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may be carried out both on the ship recycling site and elsewhere ... Environmentally Sound Management of Ship Recycling Principles and Practice (2006) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmentally sound management of ship recycling- simple or complex? Roy Watkinson Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs UK Promoting Sustainable Ship Recycling through the Global Programme 12-13th January 2008 Dhaka, Bangladesh


1
Environmentally sound management of ship
recycling- simple or complex? Roy
WatkinsonDepartment for Environment, Food and
Rural Affairs UKPromoting Sustainable Ship
Recycling through the Global Programme 12-13th
January 2008Dhaka, Bangladesh
2
Contents of presentation
  • Background, international context, key issues
  • Environmentally Sound Management
  • defining ESM
  • objectives
  • ESM in practice
  • regulating facilities
  • waste treatment and disposal
  • Summary
  • References

3
International agenda
  • Main agents since late 1990s
  • UN
  • IMO
  • ILO
  • Basel Convention
  • NGOs
  • Guidelines developed

4
International Context
  • Basel Convention - Decisions
  • Seventh Conference of the Parties 2004 VII/26
  • Reminds Parties of Basel obligations
  • Prior Informed Consent
  • Environmentally Sound Management
  • Minimisation of transboundary movements of
    hazardous waste
  • Invites IMO to consider establishment in
    mandatory requirements
  • equivalent level of control as under the BC and
  • including a reporting system, that ensures
  • environmentally sound management
  • Eighth Conference of the Parties 2006 VIII/11
  • Additionally
  • IMO to incorporate clear responsibilities of all
    stakeholders including ship recycling facilities
    and States
  • Parties to assess level of control and
    enforcement of draft ship recycling convention
    and Basel Convention
  • explore effective short and medium term measures

5
Environmentally Sound Management ofShip
Recycling
6
Basel Convention definition Environmentally Sound
Management
  • Article 2(8) of the Basel Convention
  • taking all practicable steps to ensure that
    hazardous wastes or other wastes are managed in a
    manner which will protect human health and the
    environment against adverse effects which may
    result from such wastes.

7
Objectives for Waste Management Control
  • to
  • protect the environment and human health from the
    potential adverse consequences of waste
    management activities
  • demonstrate compliance with applicable
    environmental laws
  • prevent long term problems from arising
  • provide reassurance to the public and others that
    waste is being managed properly
  • ensure sustainable management of wastes

8
A practical definition of environmentally sound
management
  • ESM can be described as being
  • The combination of regulatory provisions,
    practical standards and management controls
    brought to bear on processes that ensures the
    protection of human health and the environment
    from the potential impacts of waste management
    activities.1
  • 1. Environmentally Sound Management of Ship
    Recycling Principles and Practice, R Watkinson,
    International Conference on Dismantling Obsolete
    Vessels, University of Glasgow (2006)

9
Key features of ESM
  • 1 - practical standards
  • 2 - management control
  • 3 - regulatory compliance

10
ESM in practice -1- Practical Standards
  • Are there published
  • national (or local) environmental criteria that
    identify the expected level of environmental
    protection?
  • environmental standards, using such criteria or
    e.g. recognised international standards)?
  • industry standards?
  • technical standards for operation of facilities
    including practical manuals?
  • environmental assessment techniques or procedures
    for identifying the potential impact of
    facilities?

11
ESM in practice 2- Management Control
  • What of these are being used
  • documented site operational procedures?
  • quality management systems for auditing by a
    third party, such as an accredited independent
    auditor?
  • staff who are trained and technically competent?
  • provisions such as emergency plans or shut down
    procedures, for dealing with incidents and
    problems?
  • monitoring of the operation of individual
    facilities by the operator to check for
    compliance with the permit?
  • monitoring of the environment within and outside
    the facility, records of which are kept for
    inspection?

12
ESM in practice 3- Regulatory Compliance
  • is the Basel Convention implemented into national
    law?
  • what laws provide for regulation of waste
    activities i) at domestic level and ii) for
    imports and exports of waste?
  • is there an environmental regulator responsible
    for ensuring compliance with the legislative
    regime?
  • are site-specific permits issued with detailed
    conditions for site operation on prevention of
    pollution by limits of emissions to air, water
    and land?
  • what are there penalties for failure to comply,
    are they enforceable through the courts?
  • are there records of documented inspections and
    data on monitoring of the facility by a competent
    authority?

13
Types of Operation
  • may be carried out both on the ship recycling
    site and elsewhere
  • in accordance with the principles of
    Environmentally Sound Management, operations
    include
  • storage
  • treatment
  • incineration
  • landfilling

14
Features of treatment and disposal facilities
  • They would
  • posses a permit
  • comply with conditions of the permit
  • be monitored, with inspections recorded
  • And
  • where processes change the characteristics of the
    waste, the new waste is described so that others
    know how it is to be managed,
  • where treated waste is sent to landfill the
    process has to produce waste that
    is acceptable for landfilling.

15
Some Guidance
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19
Summary
  • Successful ESM of ship recycling has
  • facilities that operate to ESM standards
  • technology that is appropriate for the waste
  • good quality data and management systems
  • effective communication between industry and
    regulator
  • sharing of best practice information
  • appropriate guidance from Government and
    regulator.

20
References
  • The Basel Convention on the Control of
    Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Waste and
    their Disposal 1989
  • Technical Guideline on the Environmentally Sound
    recycling/reclamation of metals and metal
    compounds (2004)
  • Technical Guideline on Incineration on Land
    (1995)
  • Technical Guideline on Specially Engineered
    Landfill (1995)
  • www.basel.int
  • Environmentally Sound Management of Ship
    Recycling Principles and Practice (2006)

21
The End
  • Thank you
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