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IS THERE A GLOBAL WATER CRISIS

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Title: IS THERE A GLOBAL WATER CRISIS


1
IS THERE A GLOBAL WATER CRISIS?
"The global water crisis is a major threat to
sustainable development to economic development,
to poverty reduction, to the environment, and to
peace and security, E.U. Environment
Commissioner Margot Wallstrom
  • GPA and CFA productions

2
IMAGES OF THE GLOBAL WATER
CRISIS
3
IMAGES OF THE GLOBAL WATER
CRISIS
4
Dawn of a thirsty century
  • By Alex Kirby BBC News Online environment
    correspondent
  • The amount of water in the world is limited. The
    human race, and the other species which share the
    planet, cannot expect an infinite supply.
  • Water covers about two-thirds of the Earth's
    surface, admittedly. But most is too salty for
    use.
  • Population is rising, but water supplies are no t
    only 2.5 of the world's water is not salty, and
    two-thirds of that is locked up in the icecaps
    and glaciers.
  • Of what is left, about 20 is in remote areas,
    and much of the rest arrives at the wrong time
    and place, as monsoons and floods.
  • Humans have available less than 0.08 of all the
    Earth's water. Yet over the next two decades our
    use is estimated to increase by about 40.

5
CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL WATER CRISIS
6
ISLAND WHAT ISLAND??
7
DROUGHT.WHO CARES??
8
WHO NEEDS WATER ? WHO USES THE
WATER?
9
WATER CRISIS FOOD CRISIS
10
IS THERE A WATER CRISIS IN
THE UK?
  • England and Wales has an average rainfall of
    around 1000mm a year. Long periods of dry weather
    will often result in droughts and this is evident
    in the following years
  • 1975/76
  • 1984
  • 1989/90
  • 1995
  • As a drought becomes more serious, water
    companies can apply for drought orders.

11
IS THERE A WATER CRISIS IN
THE UK?
  • Amongst others, the following facts regarding
    rainfall in 2003 have been released
  • Driest January to October since 1959, and the
    eighth driest in Hadley Centre precipitation
    series, dating back to 1766 (1921 was the
    driest). 7 out of 10 months experienced below
    average rainfall in England and Wales. (Source
    Met Office)
  • Driest August to October since 1972, and fourth
    driest in the Hadley Centre precipitation series
    (1947 was the driest). Late summer (Aug to Oct)
    rainfall was only 51 of long term average.
    (Source Met Office)

12
THE GLOBAL WATER CRISIS
  •    More then one billion people in the world
    lack access to clean water, and things are
    getting worse. Over the next two decades, the
    average supply of water per person will drop by a
    third, possibly condemning millions of people to
    an avoidable premature death. NATURE

13
THE GLOBAL WATER CRISIS. WHO CARES?1. THE 2nd
WORLD WATER FORUM
  • Freshwater is a precious and finite resource
    central to sustainable development, economic
    growth, social stability and poverty alleviation.
    The Ministerial Declaration of the 2nd World
    Water Forum in The Hague (2000) identified
    meeting basic water needs, securing food supply,
    protecting ecosystems, sharing water resources,
    managing risks, valuing water and governing water
    wisely as the key challenges for our direct
    future.

14
THE GLOBAL WATER CRISIS. WHO CARES?2.THE UNITED
NATIONS
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • This UN-wide programme seeks to develop the tools
    and skills needed to achieve a better
    understanding of those basic processes,
    management practices and policies that will help
    improve the supply and quality of global
    freshwater resources.
  • Our goals are to
  • assess the state of the world's freshwater
    resources and ecosystems
  • identify critical issues and problems
  • develop indicators and measure progress towards
    achieving sustainable use of water resources
  • help countries develop their own assessment
    capacity
  • document lessons learned and publish a World
    Water Development Report (WWDR) at regular
    intervals.

15
WATER RELATED DISEASES
  • More than one billion people lack access to a
    safe supply of drinking water. Water-related
    diseases are the leading cause of death in the
    world. This killer takes the lives of more than
    14,000 people each day and is responsible for 80
    of all sickness in the world. Compounding the
    problem is the fact that more than 50 percent of
    the water supply projects in the developing world
    fail.

16
THE GLOBAL WATER CRISIS. WHO CARES?3. THE EARTH
SUMMIT 2002
  • Global water 'crisis' high on Earth Summit agenda
  • Friday, June 07, 2002 By Dean Yates, Reuters
  • BALI, Indonesia Of the myriad issues on the
    table for a U.N. summit in August that aims to
    cut world poverty and save the environment, few
    are as critical as getting safe drinking water to
    the 1.1 billion people who go without it.
  • The European Union has warned the world was in a
    global water crisis and made the issue a priority
    for the World Summit on Sustainable Development
    in Johannesburg.
  • Some delegates have said success or failure
    on water programs could be a roadmarker for the
    summit as a whole. The United Nations says at
    least 1.1 billion people lack access to safe
    drinking water and 2.4 billion lack adequate
    sanitation. More than 3 million people die every
    year from water-related diseases, the body says.
  • Halving by 2015 the number of people with no
    access to clean water and sharply reducing those
    who lack adequate sanitation are key targets in a
    draft action plan for Johannesburg. The draft
    includes a call for countries to make water and
    sanitation a priority in national development
    plans improving sanitation in institutions, such
    as schools and promoting safe hygiene.
  • U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan has put water
    at the top of five areas where he wants clear
    commitments at the summit. The others are energy,
    health, agriculture, and biodiversity.

17
THE GLOBAL WATER CRISISWHO CARES?4. WATERAID
  • The villages of Deyata Dodata and Dewaro are next
    to each other in central Ethiopia. Yet they are
    miles apart in terms of access to clean water.
  • Thanks to WaterAid Deyata has piped water. Dewaro
    has crude earth-banked ponds that collect water
    for just six months of the year.
  • For the other six months of the year the women of
    Dewaro walk every day 19 kilometres to the
    nearest source.

18
WATERAID
  •  WaterAids vision is of a world where everyone
    has access to safe waterand effective
    sanitation.
  • WaterAid works in both rural and urban areas, and
    currently has programmes in 15 countries in
    Africa and Asia.
  •  
  • Clean water and sanitation are essential for life
    and all people should have affordable access to
    them.
  • Water, sanitation and hygiene education must be
    integrated to give maximum health benefits
  • Decision-making must be delegated to local
    partner organisations and communities as far as
    possible, to avoid dependency and encourage
    sustainability
  • Local people must be actively involved in
    planning, constructing, managing and maintaining
    their own projects

19
WATERAID
  • Focus should be on the most vulnerable poor
    people, especially women and children
  • The technologies used should be appropriate and
    cost effective
  • The cost per beneficiary should be kept low
  • Focusing on long-term development is crucial, but
    WaterAid will endeavour to respond to natural
    disasters and emergency situations in the places
    where it works
  • It is appropriate to seek support and approval
    from local and national authorities for
    WaterAid-funded

20
WATERAID PROJECTS
  • Case 1 A people's project
  • The Hitosa gravity scheme is seen as one
    of WaterAid's most successful projects in the
    country. It is part of the largest water supply
    project in Ethiopia constructed by more than
    60,000 people in 31 communities, who now all have
    safe water close to their homes.
  • Haji Hamada from Ada Shaki village explained 'I
    am excavating the trench with my community to get
    safe water. I have four children and we all have
    severe problems with water. We used to walk for
    two hours to the ponds or stream. Now we are very
    happy. I have been involved in collecting the
    money, and paid 45 birr (4.50) towards the
    project. Each family pays and is given five
    metres of trench to dig. I hope to finish it in
    two hours.

21
WATERAID PROJECTS
  •  
  • Case 2 Improving health
  • Sister Marta Asefa works for WaterAid teaching
    health and hygiene to rural communities. 'Before
    I joined WaterAid I was a nurse and most of the
    patients we saw suffered from water related
    diseases.' 'Now I teach people about hygiene and
    sanitation. I ask them about diseases in their
    village and teach them how to stay healthy. I
    tell them about the importance of clean water and
    latrines, how to look after their children and
    clean the compounds. For example if a child has
    scabies, I tell them they should wash their
    children and clothes regularly to avoid this skin
    disease. I like teaching people so they can
    control their own health and not have any
    diseases. If they listen, they will be healthier
    and be able to save money that they normally
    spend on medicines.'

22
WATERAID IN ETHIOPIA
  • Ethiopia, the fourth largest country in Africa,
    is one of the poorest and driest that WaterAid
    works in. It is very mountainous and most of the
    population live in scattered rural communities on
    the temperate fertile plateau in the centre and
    south of the country.
  • Only 24 of the population have access to safe
    water supplies and only 15 have adequate
    sanitation. This makes Ethiopia among the lowest
    in the world with respect to access to safe water
    and sanitation. Water related diseases are rife
    and health services are limited.
  • Reports indicate that the lack of safe drinking
    water is probably the single most important cause
    of preventable diseases among the Ethiopian
    population. Collecting water from long distances,
    especially during the dry season, contributes
    significantly to the drudgery of household chores
    and burden on women members of households. These
    household chores divert scarce family labour,
    time and energy away from productive activities
    that would otherwise increase production and
    thereby household income and food security.
  • To date over 625,000 people have benefited from
    WaterAid projects in Ethiopia.
  • In 1995 WaterAid helped establish Water Action, a
    local NGO, that is now seen as an established
    major player in the country's water and
    sanitation sector.
  • Since 1998 WaterAid has provided 10,000 people in
    the slums of Addis Ababa with sanitation
    facilities and cheaper, safe water supplies.

23
WORLD WATER DAY 22 MARCH
  • Buckets of pennies for buckets of water
  • World Water Day, 22 March, is day designated by
    the UN to consider world water issues. You can
    help make a difference this World Water Day by
    collecting buckets of pennies which WaterAid can
    help turn in to buckets of safe clean drinking
    water for people living in Africa and Asia.

24
THE THIRD WORLD WATER FORUM
  • Time to act on global water crisis forum
  • March 17 2003 By Claire Miller
  • The Third World Water Forum opened yesterday with
    a consensus that it was long past time to act on
    the global crisis in water security. But
    uncertainty prevails about the best ways to
    promote more efficient use of the resource and
    bring clean water and sanitation to another 700
    million people.
  • About 1.4 billion people do not have access to
    clean water and 2.3 billion lack adequate
    sanitation. Those two factors contribute to seven
    million deaths a year from water-borne diseases,
    including the deaths of 2.2 million children.
  • A commitment to halve the numbers denied clean
    water and sanitation by 2015 was one of the few
    concrete targets to come out of last year's
    United Nations World Summit on Sustainable
    Development in Johannesburg.
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