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Wind Power in Pakistan:

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????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??. ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???. Those ... Finally when the oil prices eased out and so did the wind turbine market, the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Wind Power in Pakistan:


1
Wind Power in Pakistan Many Talks, Few
Turbines! BY AVM (R) S J RAZA Dawood Power
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2
Those who can Do Those who cant Teach
I have slightly modified this to
read Those who can Do Those who cant Give
Talks!
3
If a country has these renewable resources Wind
Power Potential 350,000 MW Solar Power
Potential 600,000 MW Hydro Power Potential
50,000 MW Tidal Power Potential Not
Estimated Estimated RE Potential 1,000,000
MW And yet that country cannot fulfill a meager
national requirement of 20,000 MW!!
4
  • The story does not end here,
  • the same country also has
  • Coal deposits of 185 billion tons
  • that may be equated to
  • Oil deposits of Saudi Arabia and Iran combined!!
  • And yet this country does not produce a single
    megawatt by coal.
  • It rather breaks its back paying for import
    bill of Oil to meet a part of its power needs.


5
Wait, the story continues And the same country
developed its own nuclear programme that
successfully made it the 7th entrant to the
prestigious GLOBAL BOMB CLUB. But this country
failed to develop its own nuclear power reactors
to produce power for its increasing needs !! As
such not a single megawatt is produced by
indigenous nuclear means!! SO, what do you call
this country? P A K I S T A N!!!
6
Energy Mix
Coal 51 66 6 Oil 35 20 30 Gas
9 5 50 Nuclear 2 1 1 Hydro 2 7 13
Renewable 1 1 0
7
Power Production
Coal 60 0 Hydro 20 31 Thermal
11 66 Nuclear 3 3 Renewable
6 0
8
  • AFFECTS OF POWER SHORTAGE
  • Poor agricultureno tube wells workno timely
    irrigationhungry masses
  • Poor industrial performanceidle time of
    machines increasingforcing closuresimporting
    stuff from China losing hard earned FE
  • Poor industrial growth shortage of jobs for
    the boys coming out of schoolfrustrationincrease
    in crimemadrassah population increasing
  • Cottage industry sufferedemployment of women in
    stitching industry could not be multiplied.

9
  • AFFECTS OF POWER SHORTAGEContd
  • Textile industry could not function
    competitivelyexport of cotton
  • instead of garmentsBangladesh/Egypt importing
    cotton from us, value
  • adding and exporting garments to earn sizeable
    FE
  • Ultimately Pakistan left behind in Asian trade
    and world trade
  • markets.

10
Future Power Scenario
Current 2010 2015
2020 Peak Demand 18,091mw 21,678mw
31128mw 39,372mw Shortage 2807 mw
926 mw 1572 mw 9634 mw Short
15 5 5
25
11
ALTERNATE ENERGY
The dawn of Alternate Energy occurred in Pakistan
in 2003 with the GOP establishing the AEDB as a
one window facilitator for the investor. AEDBs
target was a minimum of 300 MW of wind power by
2010. It seemed achievable at that time, but now
that the year 2010 is round the corner, the
target will definitely slip.
12
MAJOR REASONS FOR DELAY
  • Stakeholders confronted with new technology
  • Regulator did not have requisite knowledge and
    failed to trust Investors
  • Power Policy and other documents like the draft
    PPA, IA etc took time to prepare
  • Land allotment by Sind Govt took long time
  • Upfront tariff announced was not in touch with
    reality
  • Individual tariff petitions took longer time

13
MAJOR REASONS FOR DELAYContd
  • Turbine Manufacturers got vary of Pakistan
    Market due to the wave of LOI Holders approaching
    them
  • 2007, security and political stability of the
    country started deteriorating
  • Oil price hike caused a boom in wind turbine
    industry, resulting in scarcity of equipment in
    the market
  • Finally when the oil prices eased out and so did
    the wind turbine market, the global financial
    crisis hit the world

14
  • DAWOOD POWER PROJECT
  • LOI Obtained
  • Land Allocated
  • Soil Survey Completed
  • Feasibility Approved
  • Generation License Obtained
  • Equipment Finalised
  • EPC Contract Signed
  • Tariff Determined by Nepra
  • Ready to Launch!

15
Ladies and Gentlemen I wish to end my talk on
a positive note YES WE CAN !!
16
WAY FORWARD All countries are framing policies
to support their industry and businesses during
current crisis In this hour of trial, we look to
the Govt of Pakistan for supporting wind
IPPs The way forward is Public Private
Partnership, providing confidence to stake
holders.
17
  • P P P
  • AEDB should pick 3 5 of the leading projects
  • Form Joint Venture partnerships with them 4060
    or even 3070
  • Launch at least five projects within 2009.
  • This will ensure at least 250 MW of wind energy
    by end 2010/early 2011.

18
  • Recommendations
  • GOP to redraw the power map,
  • eliminating load shedding 2015 onwards
  • Power production by indigenous resources
  • (renewable, coal, nuclear) be given priority
  • Public-Private partnership workable model
  • in the power sector be introduced
  • Dependence on Oil for power production be
  • gradually reduced

19
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thank you for your attention
20
SUPPLY DEMAND POSITION 2008-2020
Prepared by PEPCO System UPDATED ON 19.9.2008
21
India
22
China
23
Pakistan
24
India
25
Pakistan
26
(No Transcript)
27
Project Milestones-DPPL
  • Milestone Date
  • Letter of Interest (LOI) Nov 22/04
  • Feasibility study accepted by AEDB
    Dec 26/05
  • Land allocated Aug 2006
  • NEPRA approval of up-front tariff (unbankable
    conditions)Sept 12/06
  • Generation License Application Nov 2006
  • Generation License issued
    Dec 29/06
  • Tariff Petition application
    Feb 15/07


45 mths
  • Nepra tariff determination
    Apr 27/07
  • Tariff Review Petition May 05/07
  • Tariff approval July 07
  • Tariff Revised Petition July 08
  • Tariff Revised Approval Oct 08
  • Turbine Supply Agreement Nov 08
  • PPA and IA signing Nov 08
  • Financing Closure Dec 08
  • Start Construction Mar 2009
  • Turbine Delivery Jun - Aug
    09
  • Commercial Operation Date Mar 2010

19 mths
28
A DIAMOND IN THE ROUGH
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