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Morbid Obesity

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The term morbid obesity refers to patients who are 50-100%, or 100 pounds, above ... health effects associated with morbid obesity are numerous and can be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Morbid Obesity


1
Morbid Obesity
2
Morbid Obesity- What is it?
  • The term morbid obesity refers to patients who
    are 50-100, or 100 pounds, above their ideal
    body weight. Alternatively, a body mass index
    (BMI) value greater than 39 may be used to
    diagnose morbid obesity.
  • BMI ( Weight in Pounds x 703)
  • (Height in inches x Height in inches)

Source National Institutes of Health
3
Facts about Morbid Obesity
  • A chronic disease that afflicts approximately 9
    million adult Americans.
  • That is over twice the size of the total
    population with Alzheimers disease.
  • If the entire morbidly obese population lived in
    one state, it would be the 12th state in
    population.
  • The health effects associated with morbid obesity
    are numerous and can be disabling.

Source American Obesity Association
4
Morbid Obesity
5
Co-morbidity
6
Cardiovascular System
  • Chronic Venous Insufficiency
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease

7
Digestive System
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
  • Gallbladder Disease
  • Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

8
Endocrine System
  • Diabetes (Type 2)
  • Pancreatitis

9
Musculoskeletal System
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Sever¹s Disease
  • Vertebral Disk Herniation

10
Nervous System
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Stroke

11
Reproductive System
  • Infertility
  • Menstrual Abnormalities
  • Pregnancy Abnormalities
  • Impotence
  • Polycystic Ovarian Disease
  • Neural Tube Birth Defects

12
Respiratory System
  • Asthma
  • Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Pulmonary Hypertension

13
Urinary System
  • Urinary Stress Incontinence
  • Gout
  • Renal Disease

14
Integumentary System
  • Hirsutism
  • Cellulitis
  • Fungal Skin Infections
  • Panniculitis

15
Immune System
  • Cancers (Breast, Prostate and Colon)
  • Poor Healing of Wounds and Infection

16
Mass
17
Risk Management
18
Complications
19
Excessive/Unnecessary treatment
20
Pulmonary treatments
21
Specialty bed
22
Mobility
23
Toileting
24
Diabetic
25
Surgery
26
Dependent
27
Activities of daily living
  • Preparation
  • Shopping
  • Housekeeping
  • Errands

28
Caring
29
Follow-up
  • Support
  • Assistance
  • Accountability

30
Feel supported
  • Sticks with new diet
  • Continues exercising
  • Looses weight

31
Frustration
32
References
  • American Obesity Association
  • http//www.obesity.org/subs/fastfacts/morbidobesit
    y.shtml
  • Association for Morbid Obesity Support
  • http//www.obesityhelp.com/morbidobesity/m-surgery
    types.phtml
  • National Institutes of Health
  • http//www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00
    3102.htm
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