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The Why and What of Safety Management Systems

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The Air Transportation System is outgrowing the capabilities ... 'Cradle to Grave' Concept. Adapted to Ongoing Organizations. SMS . Is an Operator based system ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Why and What of Safety Management Systems


1
  • The Why and What of Safety Management Systems

Presented by Captain Rick Clarke Director, SMS
Project Air Line Pilots Association
2
The Issue of Safety
  • What do we understand?
  • The record is a good one
  • Air transportation will continue to grow
  • The Air Transportation System is outgrowing the
    capabilities of the current aviation safety system

3
Safety Efforts are Changing
  • What is Driving this?
  • Financial stress for Air Carriers and Regulators
  • A Tangle of Regulations, Standards, Annexes,
    Policies and Procedures
  • Lessons Learned

4
The Issue of Focus
  • What does ALPA want for the Industry?
  • Safe and Efficient Air Carrier Service
  • Effective and Strong Air Carriers

5
Two Ways to Look at Safety
6
The Traditional Way Regulatory Safety
  • A foundation of rules aimed to improve the
    standards of behavior, practice and of
    operatingthe level of which is governed by
    societal, cultural, philosophical factors, legal
    systems, technological progress and experience.

7
Regulatory Safety Has Limits
  • Design, manufacture and operations of aircraft
    must comply with regulations
  • but you cant write a regulation to address
    every potential hazard
  • so, the goal becomes compliance with existing
    rules ignoring other hazards

8
Regulatory safety is Reactive
9
What is the Regulators Duty?
  • It is NOT safety achievement
  • It IS safety oversight

10
What is the Airlines Duty?
  • Safety achievement is the responsibility of the
    airline

Regulators diminishing resources are best
applied in assisting / enabling airline safety
management
11
  • Safety via the Proactive Way
  • Safety Management Systems

A systematic and continuous Management process
based on proactive identification of Hazards, and
analyses of their Risk.
12
SMS comes from System Safety
Cradle to Grave Concept
13
Adapted to Ongoing Organizations
14
SMS ..
  • Is an Operator based system
  • Integrates Employee expertise
  • Interfaces with Regulators oversight systems

Operator
Regulator
Employee
15
SMS is the toolbox
  • Management tools
  • System Safety tools
  • Safety Information tools

16
Three Hallmarks of SMS
The CEO establishes the policy and sets the SMS
into motion
The airline uses and maintains a robust Risk
Management system
The airline has a non-punitive safety reporting
system for all the employees
17
SMS is
  • a top-down program starting with the
    Accountable Executive

18
SMSemphasizes Risk Management
  • It integrates safety with Line Management

19
(No Transcript)
20
A SMS Company
  • Organizes
  • Policy, Procedure, and Practice
  • Management Systems and Communications

21
A SMS Company
Adopts Risk Management Practices to
  • Adapt to Change
  • Manage Resource Application
  • Understand the pitfalls of the operating
    environment

22
A SMS Company
  • Develops a Just Culture or Safety Culture to

Capture the operational knowledge and experience
of the employees
Involve the employees in the safety achievement
process
23
Whats in a Just Culture?
  • The immediate response is to find what
    happened, not who to blame and punish
  • Acceptance that more can be learned through full
    reporting and detailed investigation
  • Partnership in identifying hazards and root causes

24
SMS is about
  • Process
  • instead of
  • Events

25
Focusing on Events
26
Focusing on Processes
27
In Business and SMS
Risk manageable, but what is it?
28
Risk
  • The consequence of a hazard, measured in terms of
    Probability and Severity

29
Risk Assessment Matrix
30
Risk Management is.
New Info?
Tracking?
.a continuous process .a closed loop
process .cross discipline
SMS
31
SMS is a System that Integrates
Organization
Risk Management
Safety Information
32
Keep This In Mind
SMS is the toolbox for
  • Management tools
  • Risk Management tools
  • Safety Information tools

33
The Issue of Safety
  • Current safety approaches cant keep up with
    aviation growth
  • We need a new approach to the problem

34
The Industrys Answer
  • ALPA, Regulators, Air Carriers, ICAO, IATA, IBAC

SMS
Launching a common idea and a new approach
35
Access the Manual
36
The End
A product from the ALPA Safety Management System
(SMS) Project
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