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Freight Issues and Policy Options National Freight Forum National Academy of Sciences August 30, 200

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... and Destinations ... 10. Inland Waterway Freight Flows, All Commodities Waterway ... Top Gateways for International Freight Exports and imports in tons ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Freight Issues and Policy Options National Freight Forum National Academy of Sciences August 30, 200


1
Freight Issues and Policy Options
National Freight Forum National Academy of
Sciences August 30, 2001
2
Objective
  • Present DOT/FHWA freight analysis efforts
  • Provide overview of outreach results
  • Define framework for policy development
  • Set the stage for further discussion

3
Growing congestion…more vehicles... more delay
  • Vehicle travel up 72 Road Miles up 1
  • 1980-1998

4
Deteriorating and disconnected infrastructure
  • NHS Connectors
  • Poor physical condition
  • Poor geometrics
  • orphan status
  • inadequate coordination of investment strategies

5
Complex operations…many partners in an intermodal
move
Infrastructure Provider and manager- e.g.Traffic
Mgmt.
Port Authority
RR1 Chicago
Port
Railroad
Drayage
Infrastructure Traffic Mgmt
RR2 Chicago
Consignee
Railroad
Drayage
Dest. City
6
Different perspectives State and MPO focus is
regional and local private sector focus is
increasingly national and global
Private Sector (Shippers, Carriers)
Global
National
Regional
Local
Public Sector (States, MPO's)
7
Truck Freight Flows, All Commodities All truck
types highway freight density in tons
8
Rail Freight Flows, All Commodities Rail freight
density in tons
9
Air-Freight Origins and Destinations All
commodities, domestic airport-to-airport traffic,
in tons
Origins
Destinations
10
Inland Waterway Freight Flows, All Commodities
Waterway freight density in tons
11
Top Gateways for International Freight Exports
and imports in tons
12
Preliminary
13
Railway Flows of International Freight Moving
into and From the Port of Charleston
14
Freight Forecast Growth Rates-Trend
  • US Domestic
  • 1998-2020 2.9 (Cumulative 87)
  • 1998-2010 3.4
  • 2010-2020 2.4
  • US International
  • 1998-2020 3.4 (Cumulative 107)
  • 1998-2010 4.0
  • 2010-2020 2.9
  • International Sectors
  • US/Canada 1998-2020 3.1
  • US/Mexico 1998-2020 3.5
  • US/ROW 1998-2020 3.4

15
DOT Freight Outreach Events
16
Freight finance issues
  • eligibility limitations
  • differing program requirements and timing
  • co-mingling public/ private funding
  • competing needs for limited funds
  • cross modal funding

17
Workshop Recommendations
  • Fund multijurisdictional initiatives
  • Set asides for intermodal freight…. STP, NHS etc
  • Expand borders and corridors program
  • Expand CMAQ dollars and eligibility
  • Examine innovative financing (TIFIA and RRIF) for
    possible freight enhancements
  • Increase public/private cost sharing
  • Establish national/regional investment banks
  • Create Last Mile or connectors program

18
Multijurisdictional Issues
  • enabling authority
  • membership
  • funding
  • scope scale
  • implementation

19
Workshop Recommendations
  • Provide national strategic planning role through
    USDOT,AASHTO, and Governors
  • Federal enabling authority for multistate
    coalitions
  • Federal seed money for coalitions
  • Provide a national forum of outreach to regional
    coalitions
  • Federal government data gathering role
  • Focus on systems and regions, not modes and
    corridors

20
Planning and Programming Issues
  • Public/private time horizons…different cultures
  • Poor freight representation in planning process
  • Inadequate data and tools…inability to
    understand, analyze, prioritize, and evaluate
  • Modal focus..inability to coordinate effectively
    across jurisdictional lines
  • Lots of needs...not enough money

21
Workshop Recommendations
  • Think in terms of freight and passenger
    transportation versus modes
  • Establish freight-specific performance measures
  • Expand public involvement, education, and
    awareness of freight issues
  • Improve analytic models/tools and data access
  • Partner with the private sector
  • Incent the system to address freight

22
Freight operations issues
  • Bridging the culture of infrastructure and
    operations
  • Understanding the perspectives of different
    players
  • Privacy
  • Coordination

23
Workshop Recommendations
  • Exploit technology for improved operations
  • Dedicated funding for freight programs
  • Creation of public-private partnerships, where
    all parties have a stake
  • Educate the public, legislators, MPOs and the
    industry on the complexity of freight logistics
    and the need for uniform data to help manage the
    process

24
What Have We Learned to Date? Outreach - Points
of agreement
  • Freight productivity and reliability are in
    jeopardy…failure to address it will significantly
    influence our economy and quality of life
  • This situation is of national,regional, and local
    interest…progress will involve many
    parties…Federal leadership is required
  • We must make better use of all modes of freight
    transport by improving intermodal choice,
    connectivity, and interoperability
  • We must shorten the time for decision making and
    action
  • Funding is key…unlock the partnership potential
    by sharing the risks
  • Beware of market distortion by governmental
    action

25
Freight Challenges for the Future
  • Freight will nearly double by 2020, with higher
    growth in some corridors and metropolitan
    areas…southern California expects a quadrupling
    of freight, and two Chicago's of new residents
  • International trade will grow relative to
    domestic trade… added pressure on borders, ports
    of entry, and intermodal connectors
  • Customer expectations are higher, but so is
    community resistance to new capacity
    …environmental and safety concerns are high

26
Freight Challenges (cont.)
  • Freight is tough for government…time horizons are
    different…the public/private relationship is
    problematic
  • Solutions need intergovernmental coordination
    …among jurisdictions and among Federal, State,
    and local agencies…with private sector…few good
    models exist
  • Agreement among parties on funding is the single
    greatest challenge…current planning and financing
    methods are not sufficient to address freights
    unique concerns…

27
The Policy Response
  • Freight solutions will involve new capacity
    coupled with improved operations
  • Operate the system as a system, not as individual
    modes/elements
  • Improve intermodal connections to offer choice
    and interoperability
  • Support multijurisdictional coalitions to deal
    with corridor and network issues
  • Improve freight planning, financing, and program
    delivery

28
Policy framework
  • Support new institutional arrangements to
    coordinate decision making and implementation
  • Expand the use of information technology to
    improve freight operations
  • Work with State and local partners, and the
    private sector, to improve infrastructure
    decision making and finance needed improvements
  • Ensure that the US trade transport system
    supports international trade development

29
institutional development
  • Support the creation and operation of multistate
    and multijurisdictional coalitions
  • self-identified
  • public/private
  • accountable to State and local governments
  • Federal supporting role
  • Strengthen the freight planning and programming
    process

30
information technology for improved system
operations
  • Test and evaluate IT/ITS to improve freight
    logistics and border processing
  • Ensure interoperability of technology deployments
  • Promote standards and protocols for domestic and
    international trade transportation
  • Implement regional intermodal freight operations
    programs - test and evaluate
  • Develop a strategic freight data/analytical
    capability to better understand freight markets,
    trends, and opportunities

31
capacity and freight infrastructure
  • Focus investment on the last mile, the NHS
    freight connectors
  • address PUD issues in congested urban areas
  • develop quick response freight programs to bridge
    the public/private time horizon gap
  • examine TIFIA options for freight…develop models
    for public/private partnerships
  • Consider special funding programs for intermodal
    freight improvements

32
international trade transport
  • Evaluate TEA-21 borders and corridors
    programs…possibly redefine to have more
    intermodal and multistate focus…expand to include
    marine POEs
  • expand US/Mexico/Canada examination of trade
    transport and border/corridor improvement
    opportunities
  • Examine additional areas of trade such as EC,
    Pacific Rim and South America for transport
    implications

33
National freight productivity to do list
  • Raise awareness…connect the dots
  • Establish the public interest
  • Develop new finance models
  • Define a national agenda for freight operations
  • Exercise leadership among States/MPOs
  • Enhance international trade transport

34
Toward Surface Transportation Reauthorization-
Freight elements?
Efficiency
Equity
Effectiveness
1991 - 97
1998 - 03
2004 - ??
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