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And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins, in which you once walked according to t

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12:1) Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I do not want you to be ignorant: ... Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins, in which you once walked according to t


1
  • And you He made alive, who were dead in
    trespasses and sins, in which you once walked
    according to the course of this world, according
    to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit
    who now works in the sons of disobedience, among
    whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the
    lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the
    flesh and of the mind, and were by nature
    children of wrath, just as the others. (Eph.
    21-3)

2
TOTAL HEREDITARY DEPRAVITY
  • What is Total Hereditary Depravity and why should
    we be concerned with it?
  • THD is the first of the five points of what is
    generally referred to as Calvinism.
  • The other four points are
  • Unconditional election
  • Limited atonement
  • Irresistible grace
  • Perseverance of the saints

3
TOTAL HEREDITARY DEPRAVITY
  • Both proponents and opponents of Calvinism have
    used the acronym, TULIP, as a memory aid in
    conveying the five points.
  • While this doctrine did not originate with John
    Calvin, he is still its most famous defender.
  • Before exposing THD as error, it is only fair to
    allow some of those who have advocated it to
    speak for themselves in their defense thereof.

4
  • T. H. D. DEFENDED BY JOHN CALVIN
  • (Commenting on Ephesians 23)
  • God pronounces all men without exception, both
    Jews and Gentiles...to be guilty until they are
    set free by Christ. So that outside Christ there
    is no righteousness, no salvation, and, in short,
    no excellence. By children of wrath understand
    simply those who are lost and deserving of
    eternal death. Wrath means the judgment of
    God so that the children of wrath signifies
    those who are condemned before God. Such, Paul
    tells us, had been the Jews, and all who had been
    eminent in the Church and they were so by
    nature, that is, from their very origin, and from
    their mother's womb. This is a remarkable passage
    against the Pelagians and all who deny original
    sin. What dwells naturally in all is certainly
    original but Paul teaches that we are all
    naturally liable to condemnation.

5
  • Therefore sin dwells in us, for God does not
    condemn the innocent. The Pelagians quibbled
    that sin spread from Adam to the whole human
    race, not by derivation, but by imitation. But
    Paul affirms that we are born with sin, as
    serpents bring their venom from the womb. Others
    who deny that this is really sin, are no less at
    variance with Paul's language for where
    condemnation is, there must surely be sin. It is
    not with blameless men, but with sin, that God is
    angry. Nor is it wonderful that the depravity
    which is inborn in us from our parents is
    reckoned as sin before God for while the seed is
    still hidden, He perceives and condemns it. But
    one question arises. Why does Paul subject the
    Jews to wrath and curse, like the rest, when they
    were in fact the blessed seed? I answer, they
    have a common nature. Jews differ from Gentiles
    only in that, by the grace of the promise, God
    delivers them from destruction but the remedy
    was still to come. Another question is, since God
    is the Author of nature,...

6
  • ....how comes it that He is not to blame, if we
    are lost by nature? I answer, nature is twofold
    the first was created by God, the second is the
    corruption of it. This condemnation, therefore,
    which Paul speaks of does not proceed from God
    but from a depraved nature. For we are not now
    born such as Adam was at first created, but we
    are the adulterous seed of degenerate and sinful
    man (Calvin's Commentaries, Vol. 11, pp. 141,
    142).

7
  • EVALUATING CALVINS COMMENTS
  • The phrase, by nature, according to Calvin,
    means from their very origin, and from their
    mother's womb.
  • But surely it does not mean this at Romans 214.

  • ...when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by
    nature do the things in the law, these, although
    not having the law, are a law to themselves.
  • Why, then, must it mean this at Ephesians 23?
  • ...among whom we all once conducted ourselves in
    the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of
    the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature
    children of wrath, just as the others.
  • Calvin makes God a respecter of persons when he
    says, Jews differ from Gentiles only in that, by
    the grace of the promise, God delivers them from
    destruction. But there is no respect of persons
    with God. (Rom. 211)

8
  • Calvin says, further, that God is not to blame
    for our being lost, though we are lost by
    nature and He is the Author of nature. He
    defends this by saying that the nature by which
    we are lost is the corruption of the nature
    which God created. But, if God has unchangeably
    ordained whatsoever comes to pass Westminster
    Confession of Faith, III.I then He is the author
    of the sin by which man's original nature was
    corrupted and this condemnation, therefore,
    which Paul speaks of does indeed proceed from
    God as well as from a depraved nature.
  • Of course, God is not the author of the sin by
    which mans original nature was corrupted.
    Rather, man sinned of his own volition in
    violation of the ideal will of God, that no man
    ever sin even one time.

9
  • T. H. D. DEFENDED BY EDWIN H. PALMER
  • 1. Not absolute depravity. Absolute depravity
    means that a person expresses his depravity to
    the nth degree at all times. To be totally
    depraved, however, does not mean that a person is
    as intensively evil as possible, but as
    extensively evil as possible. It is not that he
    cannot commit a worse crime rather, it is that
    nothing that he does is good. He is unable to
    do a single thing that is good.... Not only are
    the sins of man not as bad as they might be, but
    neither are they as comprehensive as they might
    be. One man does not commit all possible sins."

10
  • 2.┬áNot a complete absence of relative good....
    Not only is it true that the unregenerate does
    not commit sins in the worst way possible, nor
    all sorts of sins, but it is also true that he is
    capable of doing a certain amount of good if you
    rightly understand the word good. A relatively
    good work...may have the correct outward form but
    not be done from a true faith or to the glory of
    God.

11
  • 3. Positively only and always sinning.
    Although we assert that natural man (one who has
    not been regenerated by the Holy Spirit) can do
    relative good, it is necessary to reemphasize
    that even this relative good is not fundamentally
    truly good in God's sight. The reason for this
    is, as the Belgic Confession puts it, that the
    motive of love and faith is missing. In fact,
    the relative good is basically, in the deepest
    sense, nothing else than sin and evil Total
    depravity means that natural man is never able to
    do any good that is fundamentally pleasing to
    God, and, in fact, does evil all the time Proof
    texts Gen. 65 821 Jer. 1729 Ps. 515 Rom.
    310-18.

12
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Gen. 65,8,9) Then the Lord saw that the
    wickedness of man was great in the earth, and
    that every intent of the thoughts of his heart
    was only evil continually.... But Noah found
    grace in the eyes of the Lord. This is the
    genealogy of Noah. Noah was a just man, perfect
    in his generations. Noah walked with God.
  • This does not say that man was wicked from birth.

  • Notice that Noah was an exception.

13
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Gen. 821) And the Lord smelled a soothing
    aroma. Then the Lord said in His heart, I will
    never again curse the ground for man's sake,
    although the imagination of man's heart is evil
    from his youth nor will I again destroy every
    living thing as I have done.
  • From his youth does not mean from birth.

14
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Jer. 179)The heart is deceitful above all
    things, And desperately wicked Who can know
    it?
  • This is a proverb, which is a general truth, not
    an absolute truth.
  • Besides, it does not say, the heart is deceitful
    above all things, and desperately wicked from
    birth!

15
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Psalm 515) Behold, I was brought forth in
    iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me.
  • Whose iniquity? Whose sin?
  • Illustration In anger did my father hit me.
    Whose anger? Mine or my fathers?
  • This is probably an deliberate exaggeration for
    emphasis.

16
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Rom. 310-18) As it is written There is none
    righteous, no, not one There is none who
    understands There is none who seeks after God.
    They have all turned aside They have together
    become unprofitable There is none who does good,
    no, not one. Their throat is an open tomb With
    their tongues they have practiced deceit The
    poison of asps is under their lips Whose mouth
    is full of cursing and bitterness. Their feet
    are swift to shed blood Destruction and misery
    are in their ways And the way of peace they have
    not known. There is no fear of God before their
    eyes.
  • Verse 12 says, They are all gone out of the
    way it does not say, They are all born out of
    the way.

17
  • 4. Negatively total inability. Another way of
    describing total depravity is to call it total
    inability. Many prefer this term to total
    depravity, since the latter term leads some to
    think that man is as bad as he can be. The term
    total inability, however, suffers from being too
    negative. It suggests that the sinfulness of man
    is a lack rather than a positive characteristic.
    But the term is very useful in driving home the
    fact of the inability of man to do, understand,
    or even desire the good.
  • a. Man cannot do the good In speaking of the
    total moral inability of the unregenerate to do
    good, Jesus once asked Can we pick grapes from
    thornbushes or figs from thistles? His answer
    was No, every good tree bears good fruit, and
    the bad tree bears bad fruit. A good tree cannot
    bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good
    fruit (Matt. 717, 18). In other words, the
    unregenerate cannot do what is truly good Other
    verses used 1 Cor 123 John 154,5 Rom.
    87,8.

18
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Matt. 717,18)Even so, every good tree bears
    good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit. A
    good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad
    tree bear good fruit.
  • Jesus is not saying, here, that all men are
    incapable of doing good.
  • He is illustrating the fact that all false
    teachers teach error.
  • Notice verses 15 16.
  • (Matt. 715,16)Beware of false prophets, who
    come to you in sheeps clothing, but inwardly
    they are ravenous wolves. You will know them by
    their fruits. Do men gather grapes from
    thornbushes or figs from thistles?

19
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (1 Cor. 123) Therefore I make known to you that
    no one speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus
    accursed, and no one can say that Jesus is Lord
    except by the Holy Spirit.
  • This passage is talking about the exercise of
    spiritual gifts. Notice verse 1.
  • (1 Cor. 121) Now concerning spiritual gifts,
    brethren, I do not want you to be ignorant
  • One receives the Spirit because he has already
    been regeneratednot so he can be regenerated.
  • (Gal. 46) And because you are sons, God has sent
    forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts,
    crying out, Abba, Father!

20
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (John 154,5)Abide in Me, and I in you. As the
    branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it
    abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you
    abide in Me. I am the vine, you are the branches.
    He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much
    fruit for without Me you can do nothing.
  • Jesus is talking about His disciples and the
    necessity of abiding in Him He is not speaking
    about unregenerate individuals.
  • (Rom. 87,8) Because the carnal mind is enmity
    against God for it is not subject to the law of
    God, nor indeed can be. So then, those who are in
    the flesh cannot please God.
  • The carnal mind is not the unregenerate, but
    the regenerate who walks after the flesh rather
    than after the Spirit. They cannot please God
    because they are not trying to please God.

21
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Rom. 81-6) There is therefore now no
    condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus,
    who do not walk according to the flesh, but
    according to the Spirit. For the law of the
    Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free
    from the law of sin and death. For what the law
    could not do in that it was weak through the
    flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the
    likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin He
    condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous
    requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us
    who do not walk according to the flesh but
    according to the Spirit. For those who live
    according to the flesh set their minds on the
    things of the flesh, but those who live according
    to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. For to
    be carnally minded is death, but to be
    spiritually minded is life and peace.

22
  • EDWIN H. PALMERS DEFENSE CONTINUED
  • b. Man cannot understand the good. Not only is
    man unable to do the good by himself, he is not
    even able to understand the good. He is as blind
    as cyclops with his one eye burned out. Lydia,
    for example, heard Paul preach Christ at the
    riverside in Philippi. Only after the Lord
    opened her heart was she able to give heed to
    what was said by Paul (Acts 1614) Additional
    verses used Eph. 418 2 Cor. 312-18 John
    843 Matt. 1314 1 Cor. 118 214.

23
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Acts 1614) Now a certain woman named Lydia
    heard us. She was a seller of purple from the
    city of Thyatira, who worshiped God. The Lord
    opened her heart to heed the things spoken by
    Paul.
  • This passage does not say how the Lord opened
    Lydia's heart.
  • But see how the Lord opened the hearts of two
    disciples.
  • (Luke 2413-32) Now behold, two of them were
    traveling that same day to a village called
    Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem. And
    they talked together of all these things which
    had happened. So it was, while they conversed and
    reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went
    with them. But their eyes were restrained, so
    that they did not know Him. And He said to them,
    What...

24
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • ...kind of conversation is this that you have
    with one another as you walk and are sad? Then
    the one whose name was Cleopas answered and said
    to Him, Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem,
    and have You not known the things which happened
    there in these days? And He said to them, What
    things? So they said to Him, The things
    concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a Prophet
    mighty in deed and word before God and all the
    people, and how the chief priests and our rulers
    delivered Him to be condemned to death, and
    crucified Him. But we were hoping that it was He
    who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides
    all this, today is the third day since these
    things happened. Yes, and certain women of our
    company, who arrived at the tomb early,
    astonished us. When they did not find His body,
    they came saying that they had also seen a vision
    of angels who said He was alive. And...

25
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • ...certain of those who were with us went to the
    tomb and found it just as the women had said but
    Him they did not see. Then He said to them, O
    foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all
    that the prophets have spoken! Ought not the
    Christ to have suffered these things and to enter
    into His glory?
  • And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He
    expounded to them in all the Scriptures the
    things concerning Himself.
  • Then they drew near to the village where they
    were going, and He indicated that He would have
    gone farther. But they constrained Him, saying,
    Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the
    day is far spent. And He went in to stay with
    them. Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table
    with them, that He took bread, blessed and
    broke...

26
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • ...it, and gave it to them. Then their eyes were
    opened and they knew Him and He vanished from
    their sight. And they said to one another, Did
    not our heart burn within us while He talked with
    us on the road, and while He opened the
    Scriptures to us?
  • (Luke 2444-47) Then He said to them, These are
    the words which I spoke to you while I was still
    with you, that all things must be fulfilled which
    were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets
    and the Psalms concerning Me. And He opened
    their understanding, that they might comprehend
    the Scriptures. Then He said to them, Thus it is
    written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ
    to suffer and to rise from the dead the third
    day, and that repentance and remission of sins
    should be preached in His name to all nations,
    beginning at Jerusalem.

27
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Eph 418) Having the understanding darkened,
    being alienated from the life of God, because of
    the ignorance that is in them, because of the
    blindness of their heart.
  • You cannot darken a room that is already pitch
    black.
  • If man is born with the total inability to
    understand Gods word, how can his understanding
    be darkened?

28
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (2 Cor. 312-18) Therefore, since we have such
    hope, we use great boldness of speech--unlike
    Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the
    children of Israel could not look steadily at the
    end of what was passing away. But their minds
    were blinded. For until this day the same veil
    remains unlifted in the reading of the Old
    Testament, because the veil is taken away in
    Christ. But even to this day, when Moses is read,
    a veil lies on their heart. Nevertheless when one
    turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. Now
    the Lord is the Spirit and where the Spirit of
    the Lord is, there is liberty. But we all, with
    unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory
    of the Lord, are being transformed into the same
    image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit
    of the Lord.
  • The passage is not talking about complete
    blindness, but about blindness to the fact that
    the old covenant has...

29
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • been abolishedsuperseded by the new.
  • (John 843)Why do you not understand My speech?
    Because you are not able to listen to My word.

  • They could not bring themselves to listen with a
    view to understanding.
  • Matt. 1314 And in them the prophecy of Isaiah
    is fulfilled, which says Hearing you will hear
    and shall not understand, And seeing you will see
    and not perceive.
  • This is explained in verse 15, which Palmer
    ignored.

30
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Matt. 1315) ...For the hearts of this people
    have grown dull. Their ears are hard of hearing,
    And their eyes they have closed, Lest they should
    see with their eyes and hear with their ears,
    Lest they should understand with their hearts and
    turn, So that I should heal them.
  • In short, they did not want to understand. Their
    ears had grown dull and they had closed
    their eyes. Thus, they were not born with dull
    ears and closed eyes.
  • (1 Cor. 118) For the message of the cross is
    foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us
    who are being saved it is the power of God.
  • Calvinists have cause and effect reversed, here.

  • They are perishing because the message of the
    cross is foolishness to them.

31
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (1 Cor. 214) But the natural man does not
    receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they
    are foolishness to him nor can he know them,
    because they are spiritually discerned.
  • The natural man is not the unregenerate man
    but the uninspired man (see context, vv.
    6,13).
  • (1 Cor. 26) However, we speak wisdom among those
    who are mature, yet not the wisdom of this age,
    nor of the rulers of this age, who are coming to
    nothing.
  • (1 Cor. 213) These things we also speak, not in
    words which man's wisdom teaches but which the
    Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things
    with spiritual.

32
  • EDWIN H. PALMERS DEFENSE CONTINUED
  • c. Man cannot desire the good. Not only is the
    non christian unable to do anything that is truly
    good, not only is he unable to understand the
    good, but worse still, he is not even able to
    desire the good Alleged proofs Mt. 718 John
    33 843 154,5 644 665. Here is total
    depravity man cannot choose Jesus. He cannot
    even take the first step to go to Jesus, unless
    the Father draws him. And this depravity is
    universal. No one can come, says Jesus. Not
    just some... but none. That is universal,
    total inability (The Five Points of Calvinism,
    pp. 9-16).

33
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (Matt. 718) A good tree cannot bear bad fruit,
    nor can a bad tree bear good fruit.
  • (John 33) Jesus answered and said to him, Most
    assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born
    again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
  • (John 843) Why do you not understand My speech?
    Because you are not able to listen to My word.
  • (John 154,5) Abide in Me, and I in you. As the
    branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it
    abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you
    abide in Me. I am the vine, you are the branches.
    He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much
    fruit for without Me you can do nothing.
  • Desire is not under consideration in any of these
    verses.

34
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (John 644) No one can come to Me unless the
    Father who sent Me draws him and I will raise
    him up at the last day.
  • This is explained in verse 45. Jesus went on to
    say,
  • (John 645) It is written in the prophets, And
    they shall all be taught by God. Therefore
    everyone who has heard and learned from the
    Father comes to Me.
  • This implies that the Father draws through the
    word of God, which is why the gospel is to be
    preached. Notice
  • (Luke 811,12) Now the parable is this The seed
    is the word of God. Those by the wayside are the
    ones who hear then the devil comes and takes
    away the word out of their hearts, lest they
    should believe and be saved.

35
  • EVALUATING PALMERS PROOF TEXTS
  • (John 665) And He said, Therefore I have said
    to you that no one can come to Me unless it has
    been granted to him by My Father.
  • It has been granted to every man who has heard
    the preaching of the gospel. Notice these
    passages
  • (1 Thess. 213) For this reason we also thank God
    without ceasing, because when you received the
    word of God which you heard from us, you welcomed
    it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth,
    the word of God, which also effectively works in
    you who believe.
  • (2 Thess. 213,14) But we are bound to give
    thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved by
    the Lord, because God from the beginning chose
    you for salvation through sanctification by the
    Spirit and belief in the truth, to which He
    called you by our gospel, for the obtaining of
    the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

36
  • MAN'S ABILITY TO DESIRE, UNDERSTAND AND DO THE
    GOOD ESTABLISHED
  • (EZEKIEL 181-32)
  • (1-2) The word of the Lord came to me again,
    saying, What do you mean when you use this
    proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying
    The fathers have eaten sour grapes, And the
    children's teeth are set on edge?
  • Israel used a proverb to deny personal
    responsibility for her sins.
  • (3) As I live, says the Lord God, you shall no
    longer use this proverb in Israel.
  • God's intention, here, is to refute the proverb.

  • (4) Behold, all souls are Mine The soul of the
    father As well as the soul of the son is Mine
    The soul who sins shall die.
  • Every individual shall be guilty only of his own
    sins.

37
  • (5-9) But if a man is just And does what is
    lawful and right If he has not eaten on the
    mountains, Nor lifted up his eyes to the idols of
    the house of Israel, Nor defiled his neighbor's
    wife, Nor approached a woman during her impurity
    If he has not oppressed anyone, But has restored
    to the debtor his pledge Has robbed no one by
    violence, But has given his bread to the hungry
    And covered the naked with clothing If he has
    not exacted usury Nor taken any increase, But
    has withdrawn his hand from iniquity And executed
    true judgment between man and man If he has
    walked in My statutes And kept My judgments
    faithfully--He is just He shall surely live!
    Says the Lord God.

38
  • (10-13) If he begets a son who is a robber Or a
    shedder of blood, Who does any of these things
    And does none of those duties, But has eaten on
    the mountains Or defiled his neighbor's wife If
    he has oppressed the poor and needy, Robbed by
    violence, Not restored the pledge, Lifted his
    eyes to the idols, Or committed abomination If
    he has exacted usury Or taken increase--Shall he
    then live? He shall not live! If he has done any
    of these abominations, He shall surely die His
    blood shall be upon him.

39
  • (14-18) If, however, he begets a son Who sees
    all the sins which his father has done, And
    considers but does not do likewise Who has not
    eaten on the mountains, Nor lifted his eyes to
    the idols of the house of Israel, Nor defiled his
    neighbor's wife Has not oppressed anyone, Nor
    withheld a pledge, Nor robbed by violence, But
    has given his bread to the hungry And covered the
    naked with clothing Who has withdrawn his hand
    from the poor And not received usury or increase,
    But has executed My judgments And walked in My
    statutes--He shall not die for the iniquity of
    his father He shall surely live! As for his
    father, Because he cruelly oppressed, Robbed his
    brother by violence, And did what is not good
    among his people, Behold, he shall die for his
    iniquity.

40
  • (19-20) Yet you say, Why should the son not
    bear the guilt of the father? Because the son
    has done what is lawful and right, and has kept
    all My statutes and observed them, he shall
    surely live. The soul who sins shall die. The son
    shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the
    father bear the guilt of the son. The
    righteousness of the righteous shall be upon
    himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall
    be upon himself.
  • Each individual determines his own spiritual
    state of life or death.

41
  • (21-23) But if a wicked man turns from all his
    sins which he has committed, keeps all My
    statutes, and does what is lawful and right, he
    shall surely live he shall not die. None of the
    transgressions which he has committed shall be
    remembered against him because of the
    righteousness which he has done, he shall live.
    Do I have any pleasure at all that the wicked
    should die? says the Lord God, and not that he
    should turn from his ways and live?

42
  • (24-25) But when a righteous man turns away from
    his righteousness and commits iniquity, and does
    according to all the abominations that the wicked
    man does, shall he live? All the righteousness
    which he has done shall not be remembered
    because of the unfaithfulness of which he is
    guilty and the sin which he has committed,
    because of them he shall die. But when a
    righteous man turns away from his righteousness
    and commits iniquity, and does according to all
    the abominations that the wicked man does, shall
    he live? All the righteousness which he has done
    shall not be remembered because of the
    unfaithfulness of which he is guilty and the sin
    which he has committed, because of them he shall
    die. Yet you say, The way of the Lord is not
    fair. Hear now, O house of Israel, is it not My
    way which is fair, and your ways which are not
    fair?

43
  • (26-29) When a righteous man turns away from his
    righteousness, commits iniquity, and dies in it,
    it is because of the iniquity which he has done
    that he dies. Again, when a wicked man turns away
    from the wickedness which he committed, and does
    what is lawful and right, he preserves himself
    alive. Because he considers and turns away from
    all the transgressions which he committed, he
    shall surely live he shall not die. Yet the
    house of Israel says, The way of the Lord is not
    fair. O house of Israel, is it not My ways which
    are fair, and your ways which are not fair?
  • The wicked individual can turn from his sins and
    live, and the righteous individual can turn from
    his righteousness and die.

44
  • (30-32)┬áTherefore I will judge you, O house of
    Israel, every one according to his ways, says
    the Lord God. Repent, and turn from all your
    transgressions, so that iniquity will not be your
    ruin. Cast away from you all the transgressions
    which you have committed, and get yourselves a
    new heart and a new spirit. For why should you
    die, O house of Israel? For I have no pleasure in
    the death of one who dies, says the Lord God.
    Therefore turn and live!
  • Here, we have encouragement to repent therefore,
    those who need to repent have the ability to do
    so.
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