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Managing Organizational Structure and Culture

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The organizational structure, control systems, culture, and human resource ... An organizational structure composed of all the departments that an organization ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Managing Organizational Structure and Culture


1
Chapter 10
  • Managing Organizational Structure and Culture

2
Organizational Structure
  • Organizational Architecture
  • The organizational structure, control systems,
    culture, and human resource management systems
    that together determine how efficiently and
    effectively organizational resources are used

3
Organizational Structure
  • Organizing
  • Establishing working relationships among
    employees to achieve goals.
  • Organizational Structure
  • Formal system of task and reporting relationships
    showing how workers use resources.
  • Organizational Design
  • Creating a specific type of organizational
    structure and culture so that a company can
    operate in the most efficient and effective way

4
Factors Affecting Organizational Structure
5
The Organizational Environment
  • Organization structure depends on
  • How to group tasks into individual jobs
  • How to group jobs into functions and divisions
  • How to allocate authority and coordinate
    functions and divisions

6
Job Design
  • Job Design
  • Deciding how to divide tasks into specific jobs
  • Job Enlargement
  • Increasing the number of different tasks in a
    given job by changing the division of labor
  • Job Enrichment
  • Increasing the degree of a workers responsibility

7
The Job Characteristics Model
8
Job Characteristics Model
9
Grouping Jobs into Functions
  • Function
  • Group of people who possess similar skills to
    perform their jobs
  • Functional Structure
  • An organizational structure composed of all the
    departments that an organization requires to
    produce its goods or services

10
Divisional Structures
  • Divisional Structure
  • Managers create a series of business units to
    produce a specific kind of product for a specific
    kind of customer
  • Types of Divisional Structures
  • Product
  • Market
  • Geographic

11
Types of Divisional Structures
12
Matrix Structure
13
Product Team Structure
14
Federateds Hybrid Structure
15
Allocating Authority
  • Hierarchy of Authority
  • An organizations chain of command
  • Span of control
  • Line Manager
  • Staff Manager

16
Tall Organizations
17
Flat Organizations
18
Decentralization of Authority
  • Decentralizing authority
  • Disadvantages
  • Teams may begin to pursue their own goals at the
    expense of organizational goals
  • Can result in a lack of communication among
    divisions

19
Integrating Mechanisms
20
Organizational Culture
21
Adaptive and Inert Cultures
  • Adaptive cultures
  • Values and norms help an organization grow and
    change as needed to be effective
  • Inert cultures
  • Values and norms that fail to motivate or inspire
    employees
  • Lead to stagnation and often failure over time
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