Equal clauses are joined by coordinating conjunctions. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Equal clauses are joined by coordinating conjunctions. PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 16912-MmVhY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Equal clauses are joined by coordinating conjunctions.

Description:

Jon lives in Miami, and Katy studies at the university. Eli is Mexican, but Alma is Egyptian. ... There is no paper in the copy machine, nor is there any ink in it. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:286
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 31
Provided by: DSC5
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Equal clauses are joined by coordinating conjunctions.


1
Coordinate Clauses
  • Equal clauses are joined by coordinating
    conjunctions.

2
Overview of Sentence Types
  • Writers use three sentence types
  • Simple
  • Coordinate
  • Complex
  • Simple sentences have just one clause
  • College students write essays.
  • Professors read them.
  • Coordinate clauses link two equal clauses
  • College students write essays, and professors
    read them.
  • Professors grade essays, so students can see
    their progress.
  • Complex clauses subordinate
  • Since writing is vital, students do it well.
  • Instructors highlight writing in order to promote
    student success.

College writers use a variety of sentence types!
3
What are phrases and clauses?
  • A phrase can have a noun or a verb, but not both
  • My brother Bryan.
  • Is older than me.
  • A clause has both a noun and a verb
  • Alice is my mom.
  • She cooks lots of good food.

Is three square meals a day a clause or a
phrase?
4
Is it a phrase or a clause?
  • In the morning.
  • We have our class.
  • For an hour or so.
  • What do you think?
  • About studying?
  • How to write better sentences.
  • It will help you out.

Do writers make lots of money?
5
Is it a phrase or a clause?
  • In the morning.
  • We have our class.
  • For an hour or so.
  • What do you think?
  • About studying?
  • How to write better sentences.
  • It will help you out.

Phrase Clause Phrase Clause Phrase Phrase Clause
Notice that clauses are more complete than
phrases.
6
How are clauses coordinated?
  • Coordinators are the conjunctions that join equal
    clauses together.
  • The four most common coordinators are
  • and
  • but
  • or
  • so
  • All four common coordinators can connect
    sentences.

Can babies make good parental relations?
7
How do coordinators function?
  • And joins two similar ideas together.
  • But joins two contrasting ideas.
  • Or joins two alternate ideas.
  • So shows that the second idea results from the
    first idea.
  • Jon lives in Miami, and Katy studies at the
    university.
  • Eli is Mexican, but Alma is Egyptian.
  • I can buy lunch, or I can bring one.
  • Elsa studied the lesson, so she was prepared.

Can we use various punctuation marks before
clause coordinators?
8
How are coordinators punctuated?
  • When there are two coordinate clauses, which
    punctuation mark do you use to start the second?
  • Comma
  • Semicolon
  • Colon
  • Period
  • Jon lives in Miami_ and Katy studies at the
    university.
  • Eli is Mexican_ but Alma is Egyptian.
  • I can buy lunch_ or I can bring one.
  • Elsa studied the lesson_ so she was prepared.

Cant we use other punctuation marks before
clause coordinators?
9
They are separated by commas.
  • When there are two coordinate clauses, which
    punctuation mark do you use to start the second?
  • Comma
  • Semicolon
  • Colon
  • Period
  • Jon lives in Miami, and Katy studies at the
    university.
  • Eli is Mexican, but Alma is Egyptian.
  • I can buy lunch , or I can bring one.
  • Elsa studied the lesson , so she was prepared.

We cannot use other punctuation marks before
clause coordinators.
10
Can you use the coordinators?
  • Use and, but, or, so
  • The quizzes are hard, __ we study.
  • We drive to college, __ park in the lot.
  • The town is not big, __ it has a college.
  • You can take the highway, __ you can use the side
    road.

Which one will the shark choose?
11
You can use coordinators.
  • The quizzes are hard, so we study.
  • We drive to college, and park in the lot.
  • The town is not big, but it has a college.
  • You can take the highway, or you can use the side
    road.
  • So provides a reason.
  • And links equals.
  • But provides contrast.
  • Or offers a choice.

Which one will the shark choose?
12
Learn three unusual coordinators.
  • Nor joins negative alternates
  • Bob didnt wear formal clothes nor feel
    comfortable.
  • For means because
  • He feels insecure, for he wasnt ready.
  • Yet is for contrast
  • He got to the party, yet he didnt fit in.

Did anyone tell Bob what to wear?
13
Can you use unusual coordinators?
  • Use nor, for, yet
  • Take an umbrella with you, __ it is raining.
  • Penguins really arent very formal animals, __
    they look like it.
  • There is no paper in the copy machine, __ is
    there any ink in it.
  • It was very late, __ we did not feel tired.

Do penguins have a choice about what to wear?
14
You can use unusual coordinators.
  • Take an umbrella with you, for it is raining.
  • Penguins really arent very formal animals, yet
    they look like it.
  • There is no paper in the copy machine, nor is
    there any ink in it.
  • It was very late, yet we did not feel tired.
  • For tells the reason.
  • Yet can provide for concession.
  • Nor is the negative of or.
  • Yet offers contrast.

Do penguins have a choice about what to wear?
15
Coordinators also join words and phrases.
  • Coordinators can join words
  • Many people like cookies and milk.
  • Some dont like ice cream or cake.
  • They join phrases
  • We study in the morning and in the afternoon.
  • There are labs on the third floor but not on the
    first.

Does the boy really want a cookie?
16
Can you use the coordinators?
  • Use and, but, or
  • The book is in the library __ not in her office.
  • I checked the library __ the office.
  • It is not there it must be in my car __ at my
    house.

Can the man find one book with his eyes covered?
17
What are correlative conjunctions?
  • Correlatives link equal elements.
  • They are always in pairs (twos)
  • Both and
  • Either or
  • Neither nor
  • Not only but also
  • Whether or

Is love really just about watching TV together?
18
Can you use conjunctive pairs?
  • Use both/and, either/or
  • __ sleep more __ stop complaining about being
    tired.
  • __ Miguel __ Rosa dislike long trips.
  • We didnt see __ Sue __ Antonio there.
  • The computer is __ on __ off.
  • Tests are __ hard __ confusing.

Does TV make some people stay up late?
19
You can use conjunctive pairs.
  • Either sleep more or stop complaining about being
    tired.
  • Both Miguel and Rosa dislike long trips.
  • We didnt see either Sue or Antonio there.
  • The computer is either on or off.
  • Tests are both hard and confusing.
  • The either-or pair is the emphatic form of
    just, plain or.
  • Both-and is the way to underline and.
  • Both of these conjunctive pairs allow us to
    highlight the relationship between the compared
    elements.

Do you use conjunctive pairs in your writing?
20
Can you use conjunctive pairs?
  • Use neither/nor, not only/but also
  • __ does Karla know algebra, __ she learned
    geometry.
  • __ Amir __ Sheba write great essays.
  • Your brother __ likes computing, __ he plans to
    major in the field.

Do some guys overuse their computers?
21
You can use conjunctive pairs.
  • Not only does Karla know algebra, but lshe also
    learned geometry.
  • Both Amir and Sheba write great essays.
  • Your brother both likes computing, and he plans
    to major in the field.
  • Karla knows algebra, and she learned geometry.
  • Amir and Sheba write great essays.
  • Your brother likes computing, and he plans to
    major in the field.

l
Dont conjunctive pairs sound more important?
22
Can you use paired conjunctions?
  • Use whether/or, neither/nor
  • __ you like it __ not, you must work.
  • There are words to learn __ you want to __ dont
    want to.
  • __ Bill __ Jenny are graduating yet.
  • You can have __ the car __ the cash.

Does Little John have a good idea?
23
Are there other conjunctions?
  • Besides the coordinating and the correlative
    conjunctions, there is still one other large
    class.
  • In fact, most conjunctions are
  • subordinating conjunctions.

What does it mean to be subordinate?
24
What are subordinators?
  • Subordinators join lesser information to main
    clauses
  • Students graduate college because they want
    better careers.
  • They study hard although they dont make any
    money as college students.
  • We will study more about subordinators next time.

Do cooks at McDonalds graduate college?
25
Are there other subordinators?
  • Which of these words are also subordinators?
  • If
  • How
  • Constantly
  • When
  • No way
  • Before

Should she subordinate the packrats plans?
26
Overview of Sentence Types
  • Writers use three sentence types
  • Simple
  • Coordinate
  • Complex
  • Simple sentences have just one clause
  • College students write essays.
  • Professors read them.
  • Coordinate clauses link two equal clauses
  • College students write essays, and professors
    read them.
  • Professors grade essays, so students can see
    their progress.
  • Complex clauses subordinate
  • Since writing is vital, students do it well.
  • Instructors highlight writing in order to promote
    student success.

College writers use a variety of sentence types!
27
What type of sentence is it?
  • Is each sentence simple, joined, or complex?
  • __ 1. Lower managers do the research, but middle
    managers compose the major reports.
  • __2. Nursing students are required to read
    medical journal articles every week.
  • __3. Since they are in higher studies, college
    juniors and seniors often write ten-page
    analyses.
  • __4. They still have to take some objective
    exams, although their number is greatly reduced.
  • __5. Few college students are seeking to work in
    hourly jobs.

28
What type of sentence it is.
  • Each sentence is simple, joined, or complex
  • J 1. Lower managers do the research, but middle
    managers compose the major reports.
  • S 2. Nursing students are required to read
    medical journal articles every week.
  • C 3. Since they are in higher studies, college
    juniors and seniors often write ten-page
    analyses.
  • C 4. They still have to take some objective
    exams, although their number is greatly reduced.
  • S 5. Few college students are seeking to work in
    hourly jobs.

29
What type of sentence is it?
  • Is each sentence simple, joined, or complex?
  • __ 1. Most companies require technical and formal
    reports, often with documentation.
  • __2. Writing is a threshold skill for promotion
    poor writers cannot advance in their careers.
  • __3. Employees who cannot write good reports must
    work as hourly and often manual laborers.
  • __4. College writing is much more detailed and
    factual than high school writing.
  • __5. Report writing features careful reasoning as
    management expects to read factual presentations.

30
What type of sentence is it?
  • Each sentence is simple, joined, or complex
  • S 1. Most companies require technical and formal
    reports, often with documentation.
  • J 2. Writing is a threshold skill for promotion
    poor writers cannot advance in their careers.
  • S 3. Employees who cannot write good reports must
    work as hourly and often manual laborers.
  • S 4. College writing is much more detailed and
    factual than high school writing.
  • C 5. Report writing features careful reasoning as
    management expects to read factual presentations.
About PowerShow.com