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... the crowded big cities of the East like New York an

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... the crowded big cities of the East like New York and Boston to the rural Midwest. ... http://www.outfiters.com/~melissa/ot/ot.html. Seven primary resource photos ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ... the crowded big cities of the East like New York an


1
Learning About Migration The Orphan
TrainUsing Primary Sources
  • By Terence Madden

2
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3
Objective
  • Students will understand purpose and reasons for
    migration within the United States during the
    turn of the century.

4
Objective
  • Students will focus on one migration in
    particular, children on the Orphan Train, an
    experience of moving children from the crowded
    big cities of the East like New York and Boston
    to the rural Midwest.

5
Materials
  • Website on background information on the
    historical orphan train experience.
    http//www.outfiters.com/melissa/ot/ot.html
  • Seven primary resource photos
  • Orphan Train advertisement
  • Notice of Arrival, written by Sisters of Charity
  • Worksheet photo analysis
  • Assessment worksheet

6
State of Michigan Learning Standards
  • Social Studies Content Expectations
  • GOAL 4 Human Systems
  • Understand how human activities help shape the
    earth's surface.
  • 4 - G4.0.1 Use a case study or story about
    migration within or to the United States to
    identify push and pull factors (why they left,
    why they came) that influenced the migration.

7
Immigration - Migration Defined
  • Migrate -
  • Immigrate -
  • Emigration -

8
Immigration - Migration Defined
  • Migrate - to move from one place to another to
    move from one region or country to another.
  • Immigration - the coming into a new country.
  • Emigration - the coming out of a country

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Getting Started
  • Why do individuals and families move from one
    place to another?

12
Getting Started
  • Do most people freely choose to move?.

13
Getting Started
  • Did the Orphan Train children choose to move west?

14
Primary and Secondary Sources
  • A Brief Overview
    - What is a primary
    resource? - What is a
    secondary source?

15
Primary Sources
  • A contemporary account of an event
  • Written by someone who experienced or witnessed
    an event
  • Can be published or unpublished

16
Common Primary Sources
  • Diary Entries
  • Magazine or Newspaper Articles
  • Photographs
  • Audio and Video Recordings
  • Memoirs
  • Speeches
  • Interviews

17
Analyzing Primary Sources
  • Benefit of primary sources
  • - First Hand accounts can provide details into
    what it was like to live during the event
  • Disadvantage of primary sources
    - Primary sources are often influenced
    by human emotion

18
Secondary Sources
  • A source written after the event occurred
  • Combines research of many primary sources
  • Often a published work

19
Common Secondary Sources
  • Classroom textbook
  • Essays
  • Biographies
  • Documentaries
  • Any books written about a period or event in
    history

20
Analyzing Secondary Sources
  • Benefit of secondary sources
  • - Author can combine several points of view
  • Disadvantage of secondary sources
    - The author is not an eyewitness

21
Prime Time
  • Here are two primary resource photos from the
    Library of Congress online American Memory
    collection entitled, Immigrants on Atlantic
    Liner and Mulberry Street, New York City from
    around 1900.

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Observations and Inferences
  • On board the liner, what are the people wearing?
    Is it cold?
  • They are all wearing overcoats, so it must be
    cold
  • In the Mulberry Street photo, there are many
    people and carts in the street so they must be
    selling things.
  • There are no cars, so it must be a long time ago.

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Student Activity - Photo Analysis
  • There are between four to six students seated
    around five different tables. Every table will
    be given a different photo related to the Orphan
    Train experience to examine. The whole class
    therefore will be examining five different
    photos.

28
Student Activity - Observing
  • Take two minutes and then form an overall
    impression from the photo and the particulars of
    each photo.
  • ?List what you see on the photo analysis
    worksheet.

29
Student Activity - Making Inferences
  • Now list things you can infer from this
    photograph, continuing with the photo analysis
    worksheet.

30
Sharing
  • Table 1
  • Table 2
  • Table 3
  • Table 4
  • Table 5

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Assessment
  • Answer the questions on the Assessment paper.

37
Follow Up
  • Next week we are going to read Eve Bunting's
    book, Train to Somewhere which describes a
    forced migration of orphans at the turn of the
    20th century from a big city, New York, to rural
    and small city areas in the Midwest in the hopes
    of finding new homes.

38
Great job!.
  • Any Questions?
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