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Chinese Medicine

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Title: Chinese Medicine


1
Chinese Medicine
  • Candy Furger

    Natalie Steinbrecher

2
History
  • Chinese medicine is a system of medicine which
    originated over 4000 years ago

3
History
  • It is a complete health care system capable of
    delivering both primary and specialized care
  • Fundamental belief in traditional Chinese
    medicine is treating the person as a whole and
    searching for patterns of disharmony to put back
    into balance

4
History
  • The first systematic compendium on acupuncture
    was the Huang Ti Nei Ching or the yellow
    emperors classic of internal medicine, written
    about 400BC
  • Practitioners today still look to this for
    guidance and instruction

5
Western Medicine Vs Chinese Medicine
  • Western medicine has its roots strongly
    entrenched in the works of early Greek
    philosophers. They view the body and the
    individual as a whole.
  • Chinese medicine on the other hand has the
    approach to health as the rebalancing of the
    individual as a whole, with all internal and
    external forces that affected the individual.

6
Western Medicine Vs Chinese Medicine
  • Western medicine is more effective for treating
    acute medical problems and emergencies.
  • Traditional oriental medicine is used for
    treating common ailments such as, aches,
    emotional balance, skin ailments and rehabilitory
    assistance.

7
Western Medicine Vs Chinese Medicine
  • The west sees illness as something that has
    invaded your body and must be removed.
  • Chinese medicine sees it as an impermanent
    disharmony within an individual that needs to be
    rebalanced.

8
President Nixons Encounter With Chinese Medicine
  • During a highly publicized trip to china, in the
    early 1970s, a member of president Nixons party
    got appendicitis.
  • His surgery was performed with acupuncture
    instead of traditional western anesthesia.

9
President Nixons Encounter With Chinese Medicine
  • When returning home, they told everyone of their
    experience, creating some publicity for Chinese
    medicine.
  • This helped to open many doors for the now
    commonly accepted use of acupuncture in the U.S.

10
Acupuncture
  • It is a technique of inserting hair-like, fine
    needles into known acupuncture points along
    meridians.
  • There is a minimal sensation due to extreme
    fineness of needles.

11
Acupuncture
  • Needles block pain impulse as it moves through
    central nervous system and prevents it from
    reaching the brain.
  • The needles also stimulate the release of
    endorphins, our bodies own natural pain killers.

12
Risks of Acupuncture
  • Improperly performed acupuncture can cause
    fainting, punctured lungs, convulsions, local
    infections, hepatitis B and nerve damage.
  • The herbs used are not regulated for safety,
    potency or effectiveness.

13
Risks
  • Dirty needles- to ensure safety many states
    require certification by the National Commission
    for the Certification of Acupuncture and Oriental
    Medicine. However, not all acupuncturists observe
    Clean Needle Technique, it is not required in all
    parts of the world so it is important to make
    sure they are using safe needles.

14
Claims
  • The conditions claimed to respond to acupuncture
    include chronic pain, acute injury-related pain,
    gastrointestinal problems, cardiovascular, muscle
    and nerve conditions, and behavioral problems.

15
Claims
  • However, the evidence supporting this is by
    practitioners observations and poorly designed
    studies.

16
Fake Needle Experiment
  • Two scientists at the university of Heidelberg
    developed a fake needle that may enable
    acupuncture research to have more controlled
    studies.

17
Fake Needle Experiment
  • This device is a needle with a blunt tip that
    moves freely within a copper handle,when it
    touches the skin the patient feels the sensation
    of a needle without it actually going inside the
    skin.
  • When tested on volunteers, none had suspected the
    fake needle.

18
Cultural Barriers
  • Language the language spoken in the east is very
    different of that in the U.S., In both the spoken
    and written sense.
  • Many of the words do not translate into English,
    especially some of the main concepts such as yin,
    yang, and Qi.

19
Cultural Barriers
  • Racism when the Chinese were immigrating into
    America many saw them as barbaric,their beliefs
    were also seen that way.
  • Usually,one does not see a doctor unless they are
    sick, this is another barrier because it is
    something that must be implemented every day to
    have the full effect.

20
Cultural Barriers
  • Insurance companies and HMOs are reluctant to
    cover these practices because Chinese medicine is
    not seen as a scientific practice in America.
  • Culture will always have an enormous impact if
    not the most prominent effect on health and its
    evolution.

21
Facts
  • In the united states thirty-eight states have
    scope of practice for NCCAOM- National Commission
    of the Certification of Acupuncture and Oriental
    Medicine.
  • Research on oriental medicine has been continual
    in china since the early 1950s, although, it has
    a set of foundation principles, it is not
    uniform.

22
National Council Against Health Fraud
  • This council concludes Acupuncture is an
    unproved modality of treatment.
  • Its theory and practice are based on primitive
    and fanciful concepts of health and disease that
    bear no relationship to present scientific
    knowledge.

23
National Council Against Health Fraud
  • Research during the past twenty years has not
    demonstrated that acupuncture is effective
    against any disease.
  • Consumers who wish to try acupuncture should
    discuss their situation with a knowledgeable
    physician who has no commercial interest.

24
Bibliography
  • www.crossroadsinstitute.org/chinmed.html
  • www.kidamazing.com/jrole_of_traditional_chinese_me
    di.htm
  • www.chinesemedicinesampler.com
  • www.mic.ki.se/China.html
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