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Pioneer of Civil Rights Coretta Scott King


Under Martin Luther King Jr. 's leadership organized a boycott of the Montgomery ... On April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pioneer of Civil Rights Coretta Scott King

Pioneer of Civil Rights Coretta Scott King
  • Date of birth April 27, 1927
  • Date of death January 31, 2006

Biography Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • WHEN you are willing to make sacrifices for a
    great cause, you will never be alone.

Coretta Scott King
  • She was born in Heiberger, Alabama.
  • She graduated in 1945 and received a scholarship
    to Antioch college in Yellow Springs, Ohio.

Academy of Achievement
  • As an undergraduate, she took an active interest
    in the nascent civil rights movement she joined
    the Antioch chapter of the NAACP, and the
    colleges Race Relations and Civil Liberties
  • She graduated from Antioch with a B.A. in music
    and education and won a scholarship to study
    concert singing at New England Conservatory of
    Music in Boston, Massachusetts.

Coretta Scott King
  • In Boston she met a young theology student,
    Martin Luther King, Jr., and her life was changed
  • They were married on June 18, 1953, in a ceremony
    conducted by the grooms father, the Rev. Martin
    Luther King, Sr.
  • After she completed her degree in voice and
    violin at the NEC, they moved in Sept. 1954 to
    Montgomery, Alabama, where Martin Luther King Jr.
    had accepted an appointment as Pastor of the
    Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • When Rosa Parks refused to yield her seat on a
    Montgomery city bus to a white passenger, she was
    arrested for violating the citys ordinances
    giving white passengers preferential treatment in
    public conveyances.
  • Under Martin Luther King Jr. s leadership
    organized a boycott of the Montgomery bus drew
    the attention of the world to the continued
    injustice of segregation in the United States,
    and led to court decisions striking down all
    local ordinances separating the races in public

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Dr. Kings eloquent advocacy of nonviolent civil
    disobedience soon made him the most recognizable
    face of the civil rights movement, and he was
    called on to lead marches in city after city,
    with Mrs. King at his side, inspiring the
    citizens, black and white, to defy the
    segregation laws.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • The visibility of Dr. Kings leadership attracted
    fierce opposition from the supporters of
    institutionalized racism.
  • In 1956, white supremacists bombed the King
    family home in Montgomery.
  • She conceived and performed a series of
    critically acclaimed Freedom concerts, combining
    poetry, narration and music to tell the story of
    the Civil Rights movement.
  • Over the next few years, Mrs. King staged Freedom
    Concerts in some of Americas most distinguished
    concert venues, as fundraisers for the
    organization her husband had founded, the
    Southern Christian Leadership conference.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • In 1957, Dr. King and Mrs. King journeyed to
    Africa to celebrate the independence of Ghana.
  • In 1959, they made a pilgrimage to India to honor
    the memory of Mahatma Gandhi, whose philosophy of
    nonviolence had inspired them.
  • In 1964, Mrs. King accompanied her husband when
    he traveled to Oslo, Norway to accept the Nobel
    Prize for Peace.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • In 1960s, Dr. King broadened his message and his
    activism to embrace causes of international peace
    and economic justice. Mrs. King found herself in
    increasing demand as a public speaker.
  • She became a first woman to deliver the Class Day
    address at Harvard, and the first woman to preach
    at a statutory service at St. Pauls Cathedral in
  • She served as a Womens Strike for Peace delegate
    to the 17-nation Disarmament Conference in
    Geneva, Switzerland in 1962.
  • Mrs. King became a liaison to international peace
    and justice organizations even before Dr. King
    took a public stand in 1967 against United States
    intervention in the Vietnam War.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • On April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. was
    assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Channeling
    her grief, Mrs. King concentrated her energies on
    fulfilling her husbands work by building the
    Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent
    Social Change as a living memorial to her
    husbands life and dream. Years of planning,
    fundraising and lobbying, lay ahead, but Mrs.
    King would not be deterred, nor did she neglect
    direct involvement in the causes her husband had
  • In 1969, Coretta Scott King published the first
    volume of her autobiography, My Life with Martin
    Luther King Jr.
  • In 1970s, Mrs. King maintained her husbands
    commitment to the cause of economic justice.
  • In 1974, she formed the Full Employment Action
    Council, a broad coalition of over 100 religious,
    labor, business, civil and womens rights
    organizations dedicated to a national policy of
    full employment and equal economic opportunity
    Mrs. King served as Co-Chair of the Council.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • In 1981, the King Center, opened to public. The
    Center receives over one million visitors a year,
    and has trained tens of thousands of students,
    teachers, community leaders and administrations
    in Dr. Kings philosophy and strategy of
    nonviolence through seminars, workshops and
    training programs.
  • Mrs. King continued to serve the cause of justice
    and human rights her travels took her throughout
    the world on goodwill missions to Africa, Latin
    America, Europe and Asia.
  • In 1983, she marked the 20th Anniversary of the
    historic March on Washington, by leading a
    gathering of more than 800 human rights
    organizations, the Coalition of Conscience, in
    the largest demonstration the capital city has
    seen up to that time.
  • Mrs. King led the successful campaign to
    establish Dr. Kings birthday, January 15, as a
    national holiday in the United States. By the Act
    of Congress, the first national observance of the
    holiday took place in 1986. Dr. Kings birthday
    is now marked by annual celebrations in over 100
  • In 1993, Mrs. King was invited by President
    Clinton to witness the historic handshake between
    Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Chairman Yassir
    Arafat at the signing of the Middle East Peace
  • In 1985, Mrs. King and three of her children were
    arrested at the South African embassy in
    Washington, D.C., for protesting against that
    countrys apartheid system of racial segregation
    and disenfranchisement. 10 years later, she stood
    with Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg when he was
    sword in as President of South Africa.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • After 27 years at the helm of The King Center,
    Mrs. King turned over leadership of the Center to
    her son, Dexter Scott King, in 1995.
  • She remained active in the causes of racial and
    economic justice, and in her remaining years
    devoted much of her energy to AIDS education and
    curbing gun violence.
  • Although she died in 2006 at the age of 78, she
    remains and inspirational figure to men and women
    around the world.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Coretta Scott King speaks at a peace
    demonstration in Washington, D.C.,1970

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Martin Luther King Jr. eats Sunday dinner with
    his wife, Coretta Scott King, and their young
    children at home in Atlanta.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott
    King during a news conference following the
    announcement that he had been awarded the Nobel
    Peace Price.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Coretta Scott King plays piano and sings with her
    children Yolanda, Marty, and Bernice at home
    after church.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. with his wife Coretta
    Scott King and colleagues during the famous march
    from Selma, Alabama, to the state capital in
    Montgomery , March 1965

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Martin Luther King Jr. and his wife Coretta march
    together along a rural Mississippi road with the
    March Against Fear.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Coretta Scott King displaying her book My Life
    With Martin Luther King Jr. February 9, 1970

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Coretta Scott King and her daughters, Yolanda and
    Bernice, talk with a fellow parishioner outside
    Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Coretta Scott King holds her sleeping daughter
    Bernice at the funeral of her husband, Martin
    Luther King Jr.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Braving death threats and surviving the bombing
    of their home by white supremacists, Coretta
    Scott King stood by the cause and her husband,
    from the Birmingham jail to the steps of the
    Lincoln Memorial, from the March on Washington,
    to a stage in Oslo, Norway where he accepted the
    Nobel Prize for Peace. After his assassination,
    she inspired the world with her courage, dignity
    and tireless devotion to preserving Dr. King's
  • When her husband was assassinated in Memphis,
    Tennessee, in 1968, Coretta King took it for
    granted that she would continue his work. Just
    four days after his death she led a march of
    fifty thousand people through the streets of
    Memphis, and later that year she took his place
    in the Poor Peoples March to Washington.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • As founding President, Chair, and Chief Executive
    Officer of The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for
    Nonviolent Social Change, she saw that tens of
    thousands of activists from all over the world
    were trained in the philosophy and practice of
    nonviolence. She has served as an advisor to
    freedom and democracy movements all over the
    world, and as a consultant to world leaders
    including President Corazon Aquino of the
    Philippines, President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia,
    and President Nelson Mandela of South Africa. One
    of the world's most admired women, she remained
    an outspoken champion of justice and human
    dignity to the end of her days.

Coretta Scott King 19272006
  • Source Citation
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