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NASA JPL: Current Future Projects

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(1996) Pathfinder - Mars lander and rover ... Mars Global Surveyor Orbits Mars, ... Mars Science Laboratory (2009) A larger, longer-range Mars rover ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NASA JPL: Current Future Projects


1
NASA / JPLCurrent / Future Projects
  • by Tom Felker

2
Questions
  • What are NASA and the JPL?
  • What are some well-known past projects?
  • What projects are currently being done?
  • What projects are planned for the future?
  • How does the budget affect the projects?

3
Vocabulary
  • NASA National Aeronautics and Space
    Administration
  • JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • DSN Deep Space Network

4
What is the JPL?
  • Builds and operates unmanned spacecraft for NASA
  • Managed by the California Institute of Technology
  • Employs 5500 people

5
What is the JPL?
  • History
  • Started in the 1930's to study rockets
  • Transferred to NASA in 1958
  • Kept its name
  • Launched many exploration missions

6
Past Projects
  • (1962) Mariner 2 - Venus flyby, measured solar
    wind
  • (1964) Ranger 7 - Took pictures as it
    crash-landed on the moon
  • (1964) Mariner 4 - Mars flyby
  • (1966) Surveyor 1 - Moon soft-landing

7
Past Projects
8
Past Projects
9
Past Projects
  • (1973) Mariner 10 - Venus, then Mercury (only
    flyby of Mercury)
  • (1975) Viking 1,2 - Mars lander
  • (1978) Seasat - orbits Earth and studies the
    oceans

10
Past Projects
  • (1989) Galileo - To Jupiter, sees asteroids,
    purposefully crashed on September 21, 2003 to
    avoid Europa
  • (1996) Pathfinder - Mars lander and rover
  • (1998) Deep Space 1 Tested an ion engine and
    other technologies

11
Past Missions
12
Current Missions
  • Voyager 1,2 (1977 - 2020?)
  • Reached Jupiter (1979), Saturn (1980, 1981)
    Uranus (1986)
  • Currently 90 AU away
  • Sends data once a week
  • Expected to survive until 2020

13
Current Missions
14
Current Missions
  • (1990) Ulysses - Out to Jupiter, gravity assist,
    polar orbit around the sun
  • (1997) Mars Global Surveyor Orbits Mars,
    collects geological data
  • (1998) Cassini Going to Saturn, has a descent
    stage

15
Current Missions
  • Keck Interferometer twin telescopes to detect
    planets around other stars.
  • Mars Exploration Rovers Currently active on
    Mars
  • Spirit and Opportunity

16
Mars Exploration Rovers
17
Future missions
  • Deep Impact (2004) Travel to a comet, release
    an impactor to make a hole in the side of the
    comet
  • Herschel Space Observatory (2007) Orbiting
    infrared telescope

18
Future Missions
  • Mars Science Laboratory (2009) A larger,
    longer-range Mars rover
  • Space Interferometry Mission (2009) A radio
    telescope which, combined with other telescopes,
    can detect planets of other stars.

19
Budget
  • NASA gets about 15.5 billion 2004
  • JPL gets 1.6 billion in 2004
  • Mars Exploration Rovers cost 835 million
  • Budget cut to pay for manned missions

20
Bibliography
  • Various. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. (Online)
    Available http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPL, March
    24, 2004.
  • Susan Watanabe. JPL Missions. (Online)
    Available http//www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/,
    March 24, 2004.
  • Tony Greicius. JPL Future Missions. (Online)
    Available http//www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/future_
    missions.cfm, March 24, 2004.
  • Andrew Rader. JPL - 40 Year Timeline. (Online)
    Available http//www.jpl.nasa.gov/history/index_ti
    meline.htm, March 24, 2004.
  • James Peltz. JPL to Boost Workforce, Upgrade
    Campus. (Online) Available http//www.latimes.co
    m/business/la-fi-jpl15nov15,0,6585652.story?colll
    a-headlines-business, March 24, 2004.
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