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21st Century Teaching for 21st Century Students


'The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot ... been satisfied with simply watching characters on TV. ... newspapers or watching TV. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 21st Century Teaching for 21st Century Students

21st Century Teaching for 21st Century Students
  • Brad Fountain
  • Discovery Education

  • The illiterate of the 21st century will not be
    those who cannot read and write, but those who
    cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.
  • - Alvin Toffler

This is a story about the big public
conversation the nation is not having about
education whether an entire generation of kids
will fail to make the grade in the global economy
because they cant think their way through
abstract problems, work in teams, distinguish
good information from bad, or speak a language
other than English. How to Build a Student for
the 21st Century, TIME Magazine, December 18, 2006
Who are 21st Century Learners?
  • As large in number as Baby Boomers
  • Consumers- 150 billion annually
  • Digital Media Users 6 ½ hrs daily (Exposed to 8
    ½ hours)
  • Multi-taskers online - phone - print
  • Hyper-Communicators -socially civically
  • Gamers-interactive learning
  • Risk-Takers
  • Depersonalization
  • Pursuers of ongoing education
  • Futurists Optimistic
  • IQ is up by 17 points between 1947-2001 with most
    gains post 1972

Are They REALLY That Different?
  • 21st Century Students Brain
  • Neuroplasticity
  • 50 hours to affect change
  • Video games
  • Hypertext Minds
  • Point to Point vs. Linear
  • Breadth vs. Depth
  • Environmental Impact
  • Thinking Patterns
  • ADD or Disengaged

Marc Prensky Digital Natives, Digital
Immigrants Part 2
Meet My Little Girl
Name Alex Age 3 1/2 About Alex Alex has never
been satisfied with simply watching characters on
TV. She craves interaction with her world. As a
result of growing up in a digital world her brain
is wired differently.
The long rise of IQs
unexpected and massive gains
genes have profited fromstrong feedback loops
between performance and environment
enhanced problem solving skills have become
necessary to fully enjoy enjoy our leisure
Nov. 2007, James Flynn, Scientific American
How People Learn
  • A research-based synthesis consisting of 30 years
    of educational research indicates
  • participation in social practice is a fundamental
    form of learning
  • learning is increased by a diversity of cultural
    experience and community participation

Brown, Ann L, Cocking, Rodney R Bransford ,
John D. How People Learn Brain, Mind,
Experience, and School. Washington National
Academies Press, 2000.
(No Transcript)
What Are 21st Century Students Missing?
  • Critical Thinking
  • Reflection
  • Evaluation
  • Linear Processing
  • Personal Communication
  • Meaningful Persistence
  • Formal processes

Why 21st Century Skills?
Workforce Survey Are They Really Ready to Work?
Released October 2, 2006, by The Conference
Board, Corporate Voices for Working Families,
Partnership for 21st Century Skills, and the
Society for Human Resource Management groups.
Why 21st Century Skills?
What skills are most important for job success
when hiring a High School graduate?
Why 21st Century Skills?
Of the High School Students that you recently
hired, what were their deficiencies?
Why 21st Century Skills?
What applied skills and basic knowledge are most
important for those you will hire with a
four-year college diploma?
Why 21st Century Skills?
What skills and content areas will be growing in
importance in the next five years?
So What Does this Mean for Teachers and Schools?
(No Transcript)
  • If you are not prepared to be wrong, youll
    never come up with anything original. By the
    time students become adults they have lost that
    capacity. And national education systems are
    where mistakes are the worst things you can make.
    The result is we are educating people out of
    their creative capacities. - Sir Ken

New Definitions for Schools
  • Schools will go from buildings to nerve
    centers, with walls that are porous and
    transparent, connecting teachers, students and
    the community to the wealth of knowledge that
    exists in the world while creating a culture of
  • Teachers will go from primary role as a dispenser
    of information to orchestrator of learning and
    helping students turn information into knowledge,
    and knowledge into wisdom.

New Definition for Students
  • In the past a student was a young person who went
    to school, spent a specified amount of time in
    certain courses, received passing grades and
    graduated.  Today we must see learners in a new
  • First we must maintain student interest by
    helping them see how what they are learning
    prepares them for life in the real world. 
  • Second we must instill curiosity, which is
    fundamental to lifelong learning. 
  • Third we must be flexible in how we teach.
  • Fourth we must excite learners to become even
    more resourceful so that they will continue to
    learn outside the formal school day.

         Aliteracy Poem Mrs. Thompson's second
graders are amazing!  The principal says they can
comprehend anything-- Even a medical
textbook. Mrs. Thompson's second graders are
incredible!  The superintendent says their oral
reading is completely seamless-- Like the gentle
flow of an eternal spring. Mrs. Thompson's second
graders are fantastic! The PTA president says
they finished the reading workbook and the
phonics workbook before the end of the Third
Quarter.  Mrs. Thompson's second graders worry
me. You see, I'm the aide who works in Mrs.
Thompson's classroom, And I know something that
others don't. Mrs. Thompson's second graders
don't like to read.
Poetry for Literacy Teachers from "Life's
Literacy Lessons" by Steven L. Layne. Newark, DE
International Reading Association. 2001
(No Transcript)
Being Literate Today Means
  • Finding the information
  • Processing different media
  • Decoding the information
  • Analyzing the information
  • Critically evaluating the information
  • Organizing it into personal digital libraries
  • Creating information in a variety of media
  • Teaching the information to find the user
  • Filtering the information gleaned

20th Century vs. 21st Century Learning
20th Century vs. 21st Century Learning
Search Engines moving toward video
  • Four week period ending June 24, 2006
  • 23,696 searches sent traffic to video sites
  • Four week period ending June 23, 2007
  • 110,775 searches sent traffic to video sites

YouTube other sites
-John Seely Brown
Hitwise, Phil Butler, profy.com
Other Cultures
  • Korea
  • Little time reading newspapers or watching TV.
    Life moves at the speed of the net and being
    connected is the only way to remain current
  • Japan
  • Laptops are viewed as dinosauric technology. The
    cell phone provides the privacy and instant
    connectivity individuals crave

What will the future hold?
  • Future Forces Affecting Education

Putting it into practice.
Where do I Start?
  • Back to School with the Class of Web 2.0

Tools of the Trade
  • Online Collaborations
  • Blogs
  • Wikis
  • Google Docs/Spreadsheets
  • Skype
  • Flickr
  • Digital Storytelling
  • Photostory 3
  • Movie Maker 2
  • Adobe Premiere Elements/iMovie
  • Audacity
  • Freeplay Music

Tools of the Trade
  • Google Earth
  • Podcasts
  • VoiceThread
  • Slideshare
  • NewsMap
  • Toondoo
  • Surveys

What does it look like?
  • Cross-Curricular Projects on the Web
  • Johnny Appleseed Project
  • Journey North
  • Classroom Blogs
  • Mr. Cs Class Blog
  • The Secret Life of Bees
  • Classroom Podcasts
  • Room 208
  • RadioWillowweb

What does it look like?
  • Google Earth
  • Grapes of Wrath Google Earth Littrip
  • Coral Reef Temperatures
  • Tree Coverage Percentage
  • Wikis
  • Vicki Davis
  • Tim Frederick
  • Technospud

How can I help my school?
  • Professional Development Needs Assessment
  • MILE Guide
  • How to Bring Our Schools Out of the 20th Century
  • enGauge
  • Visions 2020
  • Building the Perfect School

Some good reads
  • Blogs
  • 2 Cents Worth David Warlick
  • Teach42 Steve Dembo
  • The Strength of Weak Ties David Jakes
  • Moving at the Speed of Creativity Wes Fryer
  • Weblogg-ed Will Richardson
  • Dangerously Irrelevant Scott McLeod
  • Beths Thoughts on Technology in the Classroom
    Beth Knittle
  • Books
  • Tested Linda Perlstein
  • Dont Bother Me MomIm Learning! Marc Prensky
  • A Whole New Mind Daniel Pink
  • The World is Flat Thomas Friedman
  • What Video Games Have to Teach us About Literacy
    and Learning James Paul Gee

What Will You Do to Make A Difference?
Brad Fountain brad_fountain_at_discovery.com
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