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Globe and Map Skills

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Interpret map symbols. Express relative location. Locate places on maps and globes ... Benchmark 1-Maps and Location. Fourth Grade Indicators 2 & 3 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 11 July 2020
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Title: Globe and Map Skills


1
Globe and Map Skills
  • Content Check and Strategies
  • Dr. Tim Fry

2
A person can know the world and never leave
his/her home Lao-Tzu
3
Objective
  • The teacher candidate should become more familiar
    with some important globe/map skills and some
    strategies/activities to facilitate learning in
    social studies

4
Specifically become more familiar with
  • size and shape of the Earth
  • hemispheres
  • rotation, axis, tilt, North Star
  • revolution, seasons, direct rays
  • relative location-pumpkin globes
  • exact location-longitude and latitude,
    hurricane game

5
SizeLiterature connection-The Librarian Who
Measured the Earth by Kathryn Laskey Sphere
Hemi-Greek word for halfHemisphere
6
Four Main Hemispheres
  • Northern Hemisphere-Landed divided by the
    equator from the
  • Southern Hemisphere-Water
  • Western Hemisphere- Americas divided by the
    Prime Meridian International Date Line from the
  • Eastern Hemisphere

7
Two movements of planet Earth
  • Rotation-Earth spinning on its axis
  • Revolution-Earth making a wide circle around the
    Sun

8
Rotation
  • Earth spinning on imaginary line called an axis
  • Takes 24 hours or one day
  • Causes day and night
  • Axis is tilted at 23½ degrees
  • Axis always points at North Star

9
Rotation related-Time Zones
  • Literature connections
  • Somewhere in the World Right Now By Stacie
    Schuett
  • Nine Oclock Lullaby by Singer (1993)

10
Revolution
  • Wide circle around sun
  • Takes 365 1/4 days
  • With 23½ tilt of axis and North Star orientation
    it causes seasons
  • Direct rays first day of each season

11
First Day of Season Facts
  • March 21-First day of Spring, Vernal Equinox,
    direct rays at equator
  • June 21-First day of Summer, Summer Solstice,
    direct rays at 23½ North-Tropic of Cancer,
    Longest day
  • Sept. 21-First day of Fall, Autumnal Equinox,
    direct rays at equator
  • Dec. 21-First day of Winter, Winter Solstice,
    direct rays at 23½ South-Tropic of Capricorn,
    Shortest day

12
Two other lines as a result of Revolution
  • Arctic Circle-66 2/3 North
  • Antarctic Circle-66 2/3 South
  • Marks the area that experiences 24 hours of total
    darkness and 24 hours of total light

13
Five Map Skills of NCSS
  • Orient a map and note directions
  • Use scale and compute distances
  • Interpret map symbols
  • Express relative location
  • Locate places on maps and globes

14
Relative location
  • Pumpkin Globes

15
Atlas --a.k.a Matthew
16
Exact Location
  • Grid System-Single Quadrant
  • Longitude and Latitude

17
Lines of Latitude
  • Latitude lines are parallel, parallels
  • Run E W but measure N S of the equator which
    is O degrees latitude
  • ¼ of 360 degrees 90 degrees maximum latitude- N
    S Poles

18
Lines of Longitude
  • Longitude lines not parallel but converge at the
    N S Poles
  • meridians
  • Run N S but measure E W of the Prime
    Meridian-0 degrees Longitude
  • Arbitrary point/Greenwich Observatory
  • ½ of 360 is 180 degrees max-IDL

19
Riddle???
  • Standing on a point on Earth, I go one mile
    south, then one mile west, and then one mile
    north.
  • Where am I from the original point?
  • Color of the bears?

20
Each degree divided by 60 minutes

  • 41
  • 4050
  • 4030
  • 4010
  • 40

21
Hurricane Game
  • Groups of at least 4
  • Instructor calls out coordinates
  • Students determine location and raise hands to
    attempt correct place name
  • Baseball style-correct answer allows person on
    first base and so forth until one team scores a
    run

22
Mercator Projection Map
23
Kansas Curricular Standards AddressedGeography
Standard
  • Benchmark 1-Maps and Location
  • Fourth Grade Indicators 2 3
  • 2. Uses grid systems to locate places..
  • 3. Identifies major landforms...relative
    locations
  • Benchmark 3-Physical Systems
  • Sixth Grade Indicator 2
  • 2. Explains how Earth-Sun relationships produce
    day and night, seasons

24
KSDE Teaching Standards Addressed History
Comprehensive 5-8
  • Standard 7 The teacherhas knowledge and
    understanding of the spatial organizations of the
    Earths surface..
  • Performance Indicator 1
  • The teacher is able to use maps and graphic
    representations.
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